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Put the verbs in brackets into the present simple or the present continuous.

1A: (you / know) that man over there?

B: Actually, I do. Heís Murielís husband.

2A: Are you doing anything tomorrow evening?

B: Yes. I (see) Jack at 9 oíclock.

3A: I (see) youíre feeling better.

B: Yes, I am , thank you.

4A: Whatís that noise?

B: The people next door (have) a party.

5A: Graham (have) a new computer.

B: I know. Iíve already seen it.

6A: This dress (not / fit) me any more.

B: Why donít you buy a new one?

7A: Your perfume (smell) nice. What is it?

B: Itís a new perfume called Sunshine.

8A: What is Jane doing?

B: She (smell) the flowers in the garden.

9A: What (you / look) at?

B: Some photos I took during my holidays. They arenít very good,

though.

10A: You (look) very pretty today.

B: Thank you. Iíve just had my hair cut.

11A: I (think) weíre being followed.

B: Donít be silly! Itís just your imagination.

12A: Is anything wrong?

B: No. I (just / think) about the party tonight.

13A: This fabric (feel) like silk.

B: It is silk, and it was very expensive.

14A: What are you doing?

B: I (feel) the radiator to see if itís getting warm.

15A: She (be) generous, isnít she?

B: Yes, she has never been a mean person.

16A: He (be) very quiet today, isnít he?

B: Yes, I think he has some problems.

17A: Would you like some cherries ?

B: Yes, please. I (love) cherries. They are my favourite fruit.

18A: Iím sorry, but I (not understand) what you mean.

B: Shall I explain it again?

19A: The children are making lots of noise today.

B: I know, but they (have) fun.

20A: This cake (taste) awful.

B: I think I forgot to put the sugar in it!

21A: Why (you / smell) the soap?

B: It (smell) lovely . Itís like roses!

22A: Why (you / taste) the soup?

B: To see if it (taste) good. I think it needs more salt.

23A: I (feel) very tired.

B: You should go to bed early.

24A: I (see) Andy this evening.

B: I (see). So, you donít want to come to the cinema with me, do you?

25A: How much (the bag of apples / weigh)?

B: I donít know yet. The man (weigh) the bag now.

26A: I (think) about buying a new car soon.

B: Why? I (think) your car is fine. You donít need a new one.

27A: What (you / look) at ?

B: The sky. It (look) as if itís going to rain.

28A: I really (enjoy) home-made food.

B: So do I, and I (enjoy) every bit of this meal.

29A: That famous opera singer (appear) at the opera house

tonight.

B: Yes. He (appear) to be feeling better after his operation.

30A: Chris (be) a sensible person, isnít he?

B: Yes, but in this case he (be) rather foolish.

31A: My dad (fit) the old blind from the living room in my

bedroom today.

B: Really? (it / fit) that window?

32A: My back (hurt) .

B: Why donít you lie down for a while?

PRESENT FORMS

PRESENT PERFECT PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
We use the present perfect: a) for an action which started in the past and continues up to the present, especially with state verbs such as be, have, like, know,etc. In this case, we often use forand since. Rachel has hadthe dog for three years. We use the present perfect continuous: a) to put emphasis on the duration of an action which started in the past and continues up to the present, especially with time expressions such as for, since, all morning / day / year, etc. Sam has been talkingon the phone for half an hour.
b) for an action which recently finished and whose result is visible in the present. She has just washed her hair. b) for an action which started in the past and lasted for some time. The action may have finished or may still be going on. The result of the action is visible in the present. Her feet hurt. She has been walking all morning.
c) for an action which happened at an unstated time in the past. The exact time is not mentioned because it is either unknown or unimportant. The emphasis is placed on the action. The Taylors have bought a sailing boat. c) to express anger, irritation or annoyance. Somebodyhas been givingaway our plans.
d) for an action which has happened within a specific time period which is not over at the moment of speaking. We often use words and expressions such as today, this morning / evening / week / month,etc. She has taken fifteen pictures today.  
Note! We use the present perfect to announce a piece of news and the past simple or past continuous to give more details about it. The police havefinally arrestedPeter Duncan. He was tryingto leave the country when they caughthim. Note! With the verbs live, work, teachand feel(= have a particular emotion) we can use the present perfect or present perfect continuous with no difference in meaning. We have lived / have been living here for twenty years.

TIME EXPRESSIONS



PRESENT PERFECT PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
The present perfect is used with the following time expressions : for, since, already, just, ever, never, so far, today, this week / month,etc.   Note! We use the present perfect to put emphasis on number and the present continuous to put emphasis on duration. Compare the examples: Iíve typed four reports so far. Iíve been typing reports all morning. The present perfect continuous is used with the following time expressions:for, since, how long, lately, recently.

15. Fill in for or since.

1I have lived in this village ..... I was born.

2It has been raining ..... hours. I wish it would stop.

3My father has been the manager of this firm ..... ten years.

4..... I moved to York , I have been much happier.

5Have you been waiting ..... a long time?

6I have been waiting for you ..... four oíclock.

7She hasnít bought a new coat ..... three years.

8Karen has been on the phone ..... many years.

9I have known Neil ..... 1995.

10Jane has been my best friend ..... many years.

 

 

Have gone (to) / have been (to)

* She has gone tothe office. (This means she has not come back yet. She is still at the office.)

* He has been toRome twice. ( This means that he has visited Rome twice: he is not there now. He has come back.)

 

16. Fill in the gaps with have /has been (to) or have / has gone (to).

1A: Hello, Jim! Have you seen Mum?

B: Yes. She ..... the shops. Sheíll be back soon.

2A: Where .....you ..... today?

B: I ..... the cinema.

3 A: Shall we go on a picnic this weekend?

B: Oh, yes! I ..... not ..... on a picnic for ages.

4 A: Iím going to India this year.

B: I ..... never ..... India.

A: Really? I ..... there twice before.

5 A: Where are the children?

B: They ..... the park to play football.

A: ..... Dad ..... with them?

B: Of course. Donít worry!

17. Fill in the gaps with recently, how long, yet, for, always, ever, already, since, so far or just. Sometimes more than one answer is possible.

 

1 A: Has Tom finished his exams ..... ?

B: No. He finishes them next Thursday.

2 A: ..... has Janet been working at the hospital?

B: She has been working there ..... she left school.

3 A: How are you finding your new job?

B: Great. I havenít had any problems ..... .

4A: Is John at home, please?

B: No, Iím afraid heís ..... gone out.

5 A: Have you been waiting long?

B: Yes, Iíve been here ..... two hours.

6A: Has Martin ..... been to Spain?

B: No, I donít think so.

7 A: Have you spoken to Matthew ..... ?

B: Yes. I phoned him last night.

8 A: Can you do the washing-up for me, please ?

B: Donít worry. Mike has ..... done it .

9 A: Lucy has ..... been musical, hasnít she?

B: Yes, she started playing the piano when she was five years old.

10 A: Shall we go to that new restaurant tonight?

B: Yes. I have ..... been there. Itís really nice.

11 A: Your dogís been barking ..... three hours!

B: Iím sorry. Iíll take him inside.

12 A: Have you finished reading that book yet ?

B: No, Iíve ..... started it.


Date: 2015-12-24; view: 1229


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