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Test 4. Complete the chart with the correct noun. Words in bold will help you.

Test 5. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines to form nouns.

 

It is no exaggeration to say that the world has become à global

 

village. Modern methods of ___ (1) have made the world much communicate

 

smaller and the problems we face such as ___ (2) are not restricted pollute

 

to one country. The ___ (3) of the rainforests in Brazil is destroy

 

everyone’s problem and the ___ (4) which is common in starve

 

many African countries is à challenge for Europe too.

 

The ___ (5) of rare species is à tragedy for the planet as à extinct

 

whole and the ___ (6) of oil supplies will shake the ___ (7) exhaust

 

of the world’s economy. The ___ (8) of the environment found

 

is the responsibility of all nations, rich and poor. protect

 

However, uncontrolled economic ___ (9) between strong compete

 

and weak nations leads to the ___ (10) of greater inequality create

 

between the rich and poor nations of the world.

 

 

Test 6. Fill in the spaces in the following sentences with the suitable adjectives formed from given words.

 

1. It is a very ___ road. danger

 

2. It was so ___ that she couldn’t see anything. fog

 

3. Everyone knows this actress. She is very ___. attract

 

4. This case is very ___. comfort

 

5. He is a ___ politician. fame

 

6. Great Britain is an ___ country. industry

 

7. She plays the guitar and she is very ___. music

 

8. Her mother is very ___. She economy

 

always tries to save money.

 

9. The shop is in the ___ part of the city. centre

 

10. The people were very ___ and knowledge

 

answered all her questions.

 

 

Test 7. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable negative prefix of the words given at the end of the lines.

 

The British government has decided to take the ___ (1) decision

 

to ban smoking in a lot of public places. Though a popular

 

lot of people find smoking ___ (2), and though experts please

 

all agree it is ___ (3) and that it costs the state a lot health

 

to treat victims of smoking, it is also ___ (4) that many people deny

 

get pleasure from the habit and find smoking resist

 

___ (5) when they are in company. However, it is now ___ (6) to possible

 

deny the antisocial nature of the habit. As advertising

 

has proved ___ (7) with many smokers, the government effect

 

has now made smoking ___ (8) in most public places. legal

 

Smokers who are ___ (9) to stop smoking may feel the ability

 

new measures are unjust, but for the passive smokers for

 

whom a room full of smoke is ___ (10) they will come as bear



 

a breath of fresh air.

 

 

Test 8. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

 

Speaking English Well

 

I have a Dutch friend who speaks English ___ (1). I have always beauty

 

wondered how the Dutch manage to learn languages

 

so ___ (2). The Dutch, like the Germans, often success

 

speak English ___ (3) than some native-speakers or well

 

at least they seem to speak the language more ___ (4) than correct

 

some English people. Wilfred says that if you

 

want to speak English ___ (5) with a reasonable fluency

 

accent, you should listen to tapes as ___ (6) as frequency

 

possible. If you can afford ___ (7) to go to an occasion

 

English speaking country, you should go but you should

 

also study the rules of English ___ (8), especially if care

 

you want to speak ___ (9). Wilfred also feels accuracy

 

very ___ (10) that there are no magic solutions strength

 

but that you simply have to work at the new language.

 

 

Test 9. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

 

Memorial Day in the USA

 

Honoring the dead has been a practice of many ___ (1). civil

 

The ancient Druids, Greeks, and Romans ___ (2) decoration

 

the graves of their loved ones with flowers.

 

In the United States, the ___ (3) have been death

 

honored on Memorial Day since the time of the Civil

 

War. In 1967 a ___ (4) of President Johnson proclaim

 

and a ___ (5) congressional resolution officially join

 

recognized Waterloo as ‘the birthplace of Memorial

 

Day’. And the Memorial Day is ___ (6) on observation

 

the last Monday of May. Each year the President of

 

the US issues a special Memorial Day ___ (7) which proclaim

 

includes a call for ___ (8) to observe the city

 

occasion as a day of prayer for ___ (9). peaceful

 

Memorial Day observances are by no means ___ (10) limit

 

to the big ___ (11) cemeteries. In towns and cities,

 

across the land, veterans’ groups, civic ___ (12), nation

 

family groups, and individuals decorate graves organize

 

with flowers or with small American flags. In many

 

communities there are parades. Parade ___ (13) include participate

 

veterans and armed forces and a lot of other

 

people. Memorial Day has also ___ (14) marked tradition

 

the ___ (15) of summer. begin

 

 

Test 10. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

 

This ___ (1) was built in the 1920s and became showcase for ___ (2). neighbour, architecture

 

Each architect had one plot on which to ___ (3) one house. In spite of this, builder

 

the area has a ___ (4) unified style. Look, for example, at these wonderful

 

houses on our left. At that time very few people lived in their owner

 

___ (5) apartments; those flats had no ___ (6) water, bathrooms and other run, convenient

 

___ (7). And here was a ___ (8) building project which attempted mass

 

both to show the ___ (9) styles in which apartments could be difference

 

built, and to improve ___ (10) conditions. live

 

 

Test 11. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

 

Life used to be ___ (1) for teenag ers. They used to have money to funny

 

spend, and ___ (2) time to spend it in. They used to wear ___ (3) freedom

 

clothes, and meet in coffee bars and discos. Some of them still teenager

 

do. But for many young people, life is harder now. Jobs are ___ (4) to find. difficulty

 

There’s not so much money around. Teachers say that students work ___ (5) hard

 

than they used to. They are ___ (6) interested in politics, little

 

and more interested in ___ (7) exams. They know that good exams pass

 

may get them ___ (8) jobs. Most young people worry more about good

 

money than their parents did twenty years ago. They try to spend little

 

___ (9) and save ___ (10). They want to be able to get many

 

homes of their own one day. Three quarters of ___ (11) young Britain

 

people do more or less what their parents did. They did their ___ (12) good

 

at school, find some kind of work in the end, and get married in

 

their early ___ (13). They get on well with their parents and twenty

 

enjoy their ___ (14). They eat fish and chips, watch football on live

 

TV, go the pub and like ___ (15). After all, if they didn’t, they read

 

wouldn’t be British, would they?

 

 

Test 12. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

 

As your children move towards ___ (1) it is ___ (2) to make depend

 

sure that they understand what decent values are. To importance

 

prevent children from becoming ___ (3) and ___ (4) you should spoil

 

not indulge them too much. To make sure that they grow up greed

 

well– ___ (5) they should be taught to be ___ (6) from an manner

 

early age. Children should be scolded for bad ___ (7), politeness

 

which will be an effective way of helping ___ (8) to distinguish behave

 

right from wrong. You need to reward your ___ (9) when they they

 

do things well to give them a sense of ___ (10) but you must child

 

be careful not to overdo it or they may become ___ (11). proud

 

You should try to make your children ___ (12) and respectful conceit

 

of other peoples beliefs by exposing them to ___ (13) tolerate

 

races and cultures. Parents should try to place great difference

 

___ (14) on setting a good example to their children, important

 

because children’s behaviour is often an ___ (15) of that imitate

 

of their parents.

 

 

Test 13. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

 

The ___ (1) of children starts as soon as they are born. Boys are educate

 

allowed to make more ___ (2), to play with guns and cause more noisy

 

trouble. Such education prepares boys for ___ (3) in the world powerful

 

but for little else. But all boys are ___ (4). Some boys are differen

 

good at ___ (5) and poetry whereas others are good at football cook

 

or maths. Boys aren’t just ___ (6) and rebels, ‘machos’ and conform

 

‘wimps’. If we can ___ (7) them that all these types are okay, assurance

 

it may help to reduce the ___ (8) of those boys who are the least macho. bully

 

 

Test 14. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

 

The ___ (1) of fingerprints reached Britain in 1901 and systematize

 

proved ___ (2). In 1930, Scotland Yard set up its first use

 

___ (3) system to enable officers to compare fingerprints found on classify

 

the scene of the crime with those of ___ (4) known to the crime

 

police. Fingerprint technology has advanced ___ (5) since then. great

 

Different types of powder are used to ___ (6) the impression of the strength

 

fingerprint before it is taken. Another ___ (7) revolutionary

 

has been in the way that fingerprints are identified. Today, the

 

first ___ (8) is done by the computer, which then produces searching

 

a ___ (9) of possible matches. The final ___ (10) however is select

 

done by police experts. identify

 

 

Test 15. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

 

In the past, any mother would be ___ (1) if her children were pride

 

round and slightly fat. Those days are gone. ___ (2) have now research

 

reached the ___ (3) that too much fat and sugar in children’s conclude

 

diets are a major factor in the ___ (4) of heart diseases and develop

 

other ___ (5) when they are older. However, growing children need ill

 

to eat a wide range of foods, and their general health could be

 

___ (6) by cutting out particular ones. Psychologists say that the danger

 

___ (7) is not to change eating habits too fast, but to do it ___ (8), solve

 

so that children do not lose muscle in addition to fat. Parents should care

 

present food a little ___ (9), spread butter thinly and avoid difference

 

putting sugar on the table. Children should also be ___ (10) to courage

 

take part in sports: this way they will be using the calories

 

that they have eaten.

 

 

Test 16. Fill in the spaces in the following sentences using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

 

1. What can we do to reduce the ___ of the atmosphere? pollute

 

2. The change in the climate has produced ___ floods. disaster

 

3. Many rare species are threatened with ___. extinct

 

4. Many of the gases produced by factories are ___ to our health. harm

 

5. Exhaust fumes have ___ effects on the environment. damage

 

6. Many countries must try and control the growth of the ___. populate

 

7. Protecting the environment is essential to our ___. survive

 

8. The protection of the environment is everyone’s ___. responsible

 

9. While some countries get richer, the ___ in others get worse. poor

 

10. Millions of people in the world are threatened with ___. Starve


13. EXAM PRACTICE

Test 1

 

1. Read the text and put the words at the end of each line into the correct form.

 

The Bald Eagle

 

In 1782, soon after the United States won its independence, the bald

 

eagle ___ (1) as the national bird of the new country. American choose

 

leaders wanted the eagle to be à symbol of ___ (2) country because it they

 

is one of the ___ (3) birds. Today the bald eagle strong

 

almost ___ (4) from the country. In 1972 there ___ (5) only 3,000 disappear be

 

bald eagles in the entire United States. The reason for the

 

bird’s ___ (6) population was pollution of rivers by pesticides. Pesticides decrease

 

poison the fish. Eagles eat these fish and then the eggs eagles

 

lay have very thin shells and ___ (7). Today, the American government not hatch

 

and the American people ___ (8) to protect the bald eagle. The try

 

number of bald eagles slowly ___ (9). The American increase

 

national bird ___ (10), and remains à symbol of strength and courage. survive

 

 

2. Read the text. Use the word given at the end of each line to form a word that fits the space in the same line.

 

Our ___ (1) in New York was spectacular. Its skyscrapers and the arrive

 

Statue of Liberty make à ___ (2) sight. New York has à ___ (3) beauty

 

of over seven million and it is probably the world’s most populate

 

famous city. The ___ (4) of the ‘Big Apple’ come from many inhabit

 

different countries. There are more ___ (5) in New York than in any nation

 

other place on earth. It also has more ___ (6) than any tour

 

other city except London, ___ (7) in the summer. ___ (8) special

 

come from all over the world and have à ___ (9) time. There visit

 

are so many sights for them to get ___ (10) about wonder

 

whether it’s some of the best museums in the world or the enthusiasm

 

charming little streets of Greenwich Village.

 

 

3. Choose the most suitable word for each space.

 

Viewed from the outside, the Houses of Parliament give à firm impression of all those ___ (1) which we are supposed to value in the British form of government. The architecture gives the place à ___ (2) look, and the buildings are sandwiched between à busy square and the river making them à ___ (3) between the country house of an eccentric duke and à Victorian railway station. You have only to learn that the ___ (4) refer to each other as ‘The Honourable Member for So and So’ to complete the picture of à dignified gentlemen’s club, with of course à few ladies to ___ (5) the numbers. Sadly, over the past few years first radio, and now television, have shown the general ___ (6) what in fact goes on when bills are ___ (7) and questions are asked. The first obvious fact is that the chamber is very rarely full, and there may be only à ___ (8) of members present, some of ___ (9) are quite clearly asleep, telling jokes to their neighbour, or engaged in shouting like badly-behaved schoolchildren. There is not enough ___ (10) for them all in the chamber in any case, which is à second worrying point. Of course, television does not follow the work of ___ (11) which are small discussion groups that do most of the real work of the House. But the ___ (12) impression that we as ___ (13) receive of the workings of government is not à good one. To put it bluntly, parliament looks disorganised, is clearly behind the times and seems to be ___ (14) with bores and comedians. This is presumably why members resisted for so long the efforts of the ÂÂÑ to broadcast parliamentary ___ (15) on television.

 

 

1. a) views b) appearances c) identities d) features

 

2. a) fashionable b) traditional c) close-up d) notorious

 

3. a) mixture b) combination c) cross d) match

 

4. a) members b) candidates c) delegates d) senators

 

5. a) take away b) bring about c) make up d) set in

 

6. a) situation b) public ñ) interest d) rule

 

7. a) paid b) determined c) voted d) discussed

 

8. a) handful b) majority c) few d) number

 

9. a) these b) whom ñ) them d) others

 

10. a) seats b) places c) room d) around

 

11. a) elections b) those c) everyone d) committees

 

12. a) overall b) visual c) positive d) striking

 

13. a) audience b) often c) voters d) well

 

14. a) working b) inevitably c) filled d) much

 

15. a) matters b) committees c) speeches d) debates

Test 2

 

1. Read the text and put the words at the end of each line into the correct form.

 

Tricks on April Fool’s Day In 1698, a number of Londoners received invitations

 

to see the lions washed in the Thames. This event ___ (1) in news describe

 

papers. However, the same trick ___ (2) in 1860, and again a lot of repeat

 

curious Londoners ___ (3) to enjoy the lions washed. In 1957 BBC come

 

Television played an even ___ (4) joke on its viewers. It showed hilarious

 

a film about a spaghetti crop ___ (5) in Southern Switzerland. grow

 

Agricultural workers ___ (6) long strands of spaghetti from bushes pick

 

and the presenter of the film ___ (7) on the uniform length of the comment

 

spaghetti and on the successful cultivation of ‘these vegetables’. After be

 

the programme there ___ (8) a lot of calls from people who not get

 

___ (9) the joke and wanted to know where they ___ (10) buy spaghetti bushes. can

 

 

2. Read the text. Use the word given at the end of each line to form a word that fits the space in the same line.

 

Americans talk with ___ (1) of their government and ___ (2). They proud, institute

 

seem certain that they have more ___ (3), better laws and free

 

stronger leaders. But even the most ___ (4) Americans have à few doubts. patriot

 

___ (5) is one problem area, and so is the law. There are not educate

 

enough clever teachers, and too many clever ___ (6). But Americans law

 

feel ___ (7) that they can change things that don’t work. Americans confidence

 

want to be proud of their President. They like him to be good-looking,

 

___ (8), and a good family man. They want him to be a good ___ (9). religion, talk

 

They expect him to keep the prices down at home and to keep the

 

country looking ___ (10) abroad. power

 

 

3. Choose the most suitable word for each space.

 

Have you ever asked yourself what you are working for? If you have ever had the time to ___ (1) this taboo question, or put it to others in moments of weakness or confidentiality, you ___ (2) well have heard some or all of the ___ (3). It’s the money of course, some say with à smile, as if explaining something to à small child. Or it’s the satisfaction of ___ (4) well done, the sense of achievement behind the clinching of an important ___ (5). I worked as à bus conductor once, and I can’t say I ___ (6) the same as I staggered along the swaying gangway trying to ___ (7) out tickets without falling over into someone’s lap. It’s the company of other people perhaps, but if that is the ___ (8), what about farmers? Is it the conversation in the farmyard that keeps them captivated by the job? Work is power and à sense of status say those ___ (9) have either attained these elusive goals, or feel aggrieved that nobody has yet recognised their leadership ___ (10). Or we can blame it all on someone else, the family or the taxman. I suspect, and I say this under my ___ (11), that most of us work hoping for something to ___ (12) up. We’ll win the pools, and tell the boss what we really think. We’ll scrape together the ___ (13) and open that little shop we always dreamed of, or go ___ (14) the world, or spend more time in the garden. One day we’ll get that ___ (15) we deserve, but until then at least we have something to do. And we are so busy doing it that we won’t have time to wonder why.

 

 

1. a) propose b) meditate c) consider d) launch

 

2. a) might b) can c) will d) should

 

3. a) below b) rest c) following d) latter

 

4. a) a work b) à job c) à task d) an effort

 

5. a) deal b) position c) job d) engagement

 

6. a) enjoyed b) wished c) hoped d) felt

 

7. a) make b) turn ñ) issue d) give

 

8. a) one b) case ñ) question d) former

 

9. a) people b) must c) who d) to

 

10. a) qualities b) status c) property d) requirements

 

11. a) oath b) suspicion c) breath d) pressure

 

12. a) move b) turn ñ) ease d) end

 

13. a) resources b) opportunities c) rest d) money

 

14. a) round b) over c) into d) to

 

15. a) ambition b) station c) vocation d) promotion

Test 3

 

1. Read the text and put the words at the end of each line into the correct form.

 

Mountain Biking In the past people ___ (1) watching TV or reading enjoy

 

in their free time. Nowadays people are more interested in doing ___ (2) activity

 

which take them out of their homes. That’s why mountain biking

 

___ (3) a very popular sport in recent years. It is one of the ___ (4) become, reward

 

ways to explore the countryside. Cyclists must pay attention to the

 

type of path they ___ (5) on. Some paths ___ (6) for people be, design

 

who are on foot, so if you cycle along these, you ___ (7) inconvenience cause

 

to walkers. On any other path, you should still respect walkers.

 

Another thing which you ___ (8) to do is ___ (9) gates behind you, so ask, close

 

that farm animals cannot escape. If the weather is fine, you will

 

enjoy a wonderful day out, especially if you ___ (10) to take not forget

 

some food and drinks with you.

 

 

2. Read the text. Use the word given at the end of each line to form a word that fits the space in the same line.

 

When the famous explorer, Columbus claimed Florida for Spain in 1492,

 

he had never ___ (1) eyes on it. The area’s most important early ___ (2) lay, visit

 

thus set à pattern that has continued for centuries. There is à

 

general ___ (3) amongst people, apparently quite ___ (4) with whether believe, connect

 

or not they’ve been there themselves, that Florida is à good place

 

to go. In fact, it is almost ___ (5) not to enjoy yourself in Florida possible

 

today, given the wonderful ___ (6) of facilities available to tourists. select

 

Some of the world’s most popular tourist ___ (7) are located in the attract

 

state whose ___ (8) beaches welcome 40 million people each year. sand

 

These days it seems ___ (9) to describe Florida’s geography and point

 

climate. After all, few people would have ___ (10) in finding it on difficult

 

à map and most would know what weather to expect there.

 

 

3. Choose the most suitable word for each space.

 

After more than fifty years of television, it might seem only obvious to conclude that it is here to ___ (1). There have been many objections to it during this time and ___ (2) à variety of grounds. Did it cause eye-strain? Was the ___ (3) bombarding us with radioactivity? Did the advertisements ___ (4) subliminal messages, persuading us to buy more? Did children turn to violence through watching it, either because so ___ (5) programmes taught them how to shoot, rob, and kill, or because they had to do something to counteract the hours they had ___ (6) glued to the tiny screen? Or did it simply create à vast passive ___ (7), drugged by glamorous serials and inane situation ___ (8)? On the other hand, did it increase anxiety by sensationalising the news (or the news which was ___ (9) by suitable pictures) and filling our living rooms with war and political unrest? ___ (10) in àll, television proved to be the all-purpose scapegoat for the second half of the century, ___ (11) for everything, but above all, eagerly watched. For no ___ (12) how much we despised it, were bored by it, or felt that it took us away from the old paradise of family conversation and hobbies ___ (13) as collecting stamps, we never turned it off. We ___ (14) staring at the screen, aware that our own tiny ___ (15) was in it if we looked carefully.

 

 

1. a) long b) stay c) exist d) be

 

2. a) with b) over c) by d) on

 

3. a) screen b) danger c) machine d) reason

 

4. a) contain b) of c) take d) having

 

5. a) that b) far c) many d) what

 

6. a) almost b) spent c) quite d) madly

 

7. a) programme b) personality c) audience d) tense

 

8. a) comedies b) programmes c) perhaps d) consequently

 

9. a) taken b) presented c) capable d) accompanied

 

10. a) Taken b) All c) Somewhat d) Thus

 

11. a) broadcasting b) looking c) blamed d) ready

 

12. a) one b) matter c) difference d) reason

 

13. a) known b) even c) described d) such

 

14. a) refused b) received c) turned d) kept

 

15. a) fault b) reflection c) situation d) consciousness

Test 4

 

1. Read the text and put the words at the end of each line into the correct form.

 

The American People Black, white, rich, poor – you can find them all in the USÀ, one of big

 

the ___ (1) countries in the world. The great American idea ___ (2) that all these people always be

 

should become something new. They should leave their old ___ (3) behind and become life

 

American. In some ways, the idea ___ (4). work

 

Many people ___ (5) where their grandparents came from. forget

 

They share the ideas, experiences, and feelings that make up the American culture. now ask

 

But new questions ___ (6). Some people wonder if too much ___ (7). lose

 

They are becoming more interested in the countries their families leave

 

once ___ (8). They are not sure if new immigrants should try ___ (9) their own forget

 

languages and cultures so completely. Americans talk à great deal about

 

how wonderful it is to be American. The reason may be because they need to

 

keep ___ (10) themselves that that is what they are. remind

 

 

2. Read the text. Use the word given at the end of each line to form a word that fits the space in the same line.

 

Dear Sir or Madam,

 

I read your ___ (1) in International Business advertise

 

magazine and I am writing for more information concerning entry ___ (2) require

 

for the course in English Language. Could you tell me what language ___ (3) qualify

 

are required? I do not possess the First Certificate and would like to know

 

if ___ (4) on the course depends on having the FCE? In fact, as I am an accept

 

___ (5) for an international company I would be interested in a course account

 

which focuses on language ___ (6) for both social and develop

 

___ (7) purposes. I would also like to know the ___ (8) from the busy, distant

 

college to London and if ___ (9) at all classes is obligatory, attend

 

or whether an occasional ___ (10) for purposes of travel be acceptable. absent

 

I look forward to hearing from you.

 

Yours faithfully,

 

Nelson Fernandez

 

 

3. Choose the most suitable word for each space.

 

Nobody knows for certain what the origin of music was. Music is certainly older than poetry and painting but as early man had no way of ___ (1) it, we can only ___ (2) what it sounded like. Watching à child ___ (3) on à drum with its hands or à ___ (4) of wood, it is easy to see that this is the simplest of instruments. It does not ___ (5) much effort to produce à rhythm on it. Wall paintings show what some of the first instruments ___ (6) like. Early civilisations had already discovered the three basic ___ (7) of producing music: blowing into à tube, striking an object, and scraping à string. We know that western music comes from the ___ (8) Greeks. The musical scales we use now are ___ (9) on certain sequences of notes which the Greeks used to create à particular ___ (10). Until the 16th century, most players of instruments were ___ (11) performers, but as music became more ___ (12), orchestras and musical groups began to ___ (13). This ___ (14) about the writing of music to be played by several musicians at one time. This can certainly be ___ (15) the birth of modern music.

 

 

1. a) recording b) playing c) producing d) performing

 

2. a) think b) reckon c) guess d)realise

 

3. a) hitting b) knocking c) crashing d) banging

 

4. a) slice b) point c) piece d) shape

 

5. a) make b) call c) take d) do

 

6. a) looked b) appeared c) felt d) sounded

 

7. a) forms b) manners c) systems d) ways

 

8. a) ancient b) old c) aged d) antique

 

9. a) raised b) based c) established d) supported

 

10. a) spirit b) temper c) mood d) humour

 

11. a) separate b) lonely c) unique d) single

 

12. a) widespread b) enlarged c) expanded d) extended

 

13. a) turn b) appear c) spring d) be

 

14. a) produced b) affected c) caused d) brought

 

15. a) appointed b) called c) decided d) named

Test 5

 

1. Read the text and put the words at the end of each line into the correct form.

 

One morning Mr Sherlock Holmes was sitting in his room in Baker Street.

 

His friend Dr Watson was standing near the window ___ (1) at a walking stick. look

 

This stick ___ (2) by a strange visitor the day before. The words forget

 

‘To Dr Mortimer’ ___ (3) on it. Dr Watson had already been examining write

 

it for half an hour but ___ (4) say anything about it. Suddenly not can

 

Sherlock Holmes ___ (5), ‘The owner of this stick has a dog which is say

 

___ (6) than a terrier. I have noticed the marks of a dog’s ___ (7) large, tooth

 

on the stick. Probably the dog often ___ (8) the stick behind the carry

 

master.’ ‘I wonder why this man wanted to visit us,’ asked Dr Watson.

 

‘Well, we soon ___ (9),’ answered Sherlock Holmes. ‘I can hear know

 

the bell ___ (10).’ ring

 

 

2. Read the text. Use the word given at the end of each line to form a word that fits the space in the same line.

 

School Then and Now Parents and teachers are always making ___ (1) compare

 

between the time when they were ___ (2) and the child

 

present ___ (3). They say everything was better than it generate

 

is today, especially in ___ (4). For example, they say they educate

 

used to work much ___ (5) in school, and that nowadays, we hard

 

aren’t very interested. I ___ (6), because we spend hours agree

 

every day doing homework after our lessons or ___ (7) for revise

 

___ (8). I wonder if our parents really had to study so much examine

 

after school every day. In my opinion, it is no ___ (9) to exaggerate

 

say we have forgotten how to play. I think one reason why kids behave

 

___ (10) in class is because they need to get rid of stress.

 

 

3. Choose the most suitable word for each space.

 

According to à group called The Voices Foundation, everyone has à singing voice as well as à speaking voice somewhere inside them. This, they say, should be encouraged from an early ___ (1) because it provides the best, and the cheapest, ___ (2) on which to build an understanding of music. ___ (3) the Foundation’s ideas, lies the teaching of the Hungarian composer Zoltan Kodaly. He observed that song can ___ (4) à key part of the relationship between mother and child almost from birth. This is especially ___ (5) of more traditional societies, like those of West Africa, where some small children are ___ (6) to sing literally hundreds of songs, all of which have been learnt by ___ (7). But many modern children first ___ (8) to an understanding of music when they learn to play an instrument, and ___ (9) some teaching of the theory of music is usually à part of this, their relationship with the music on the ___ (10) is often à mechanical one. The ___ (11) of the Voices Foundation is that à natural ___ (12) for rhythm, harmony and musical structure, the very ___ (13) we appreciate in the greatest musicians, can only be achieved through the exploration of music with the voice from the start. The Foundation has, therefore, ___ (14) itself the task of developing à singing-centred musical education programme that could ___ (15) junior pupils all over the world.

 

 

1. a) start b) life c) time d) age

 

2. a) ground b) basis c) root d) plot

 

3. a) Behind b) Beneath c) Besides d) Between

 

4. a) grow b) do c) form d) make

 

5. a) fact b) true c) real d) actual

 

d) fit 6. a) able b) expert c) skilled

 

7. a) repeat b) heart c) memory d) mind

 

8. a) come b) reach c) go d) arrive

 

9. a) however b) despite c) although d) whether

 

10. a) lines b) notes c) book d) page

 

11. a) rule c) trust d) belief b) certainty

 

12. a) awareness b) touch c) grasp d) feeling

 

13. a) degrees b) qualities c) measures d) practices

 

14. a) let b) set c) put d) cut

 

15. a) benefit b) favour c) gain d) profit

Test 6

 

1. Read the text and put the words at the end of each line into the correct form.

 

A Practical Joke Mr and Mrs Parker were having a quiet day at home. Their

 

18-year-old daughter was away in Wales ___ (1) with a friend. Suddenly stay

 

the phone ___ (2). A hoarse voice told Mr Parker that his daughter ring

 

___ (3) and that he had to pay a ransom of $2,000. He was also warned that kidnap

 

if he ___ (4), he would never see his daughter again. The voice then not pay

 

gave him instructions about where and when to hand over the money. one

 

Mr Parker took the ___ (5) train to Wales. He went to the hotel and gave

 

the briefcase with the money to a woman in a scarf and a raincoat. At 11 p.m.

 

the same evening, to his great relief, his daughter came back home. She happy

 

looked ___ (6) than ever and could hardly stop herself from ___ (7) laugh

 

when she handed him his briefcase with $2,000. It turned out that she decide

 

and her friend ___ (8) to play a practical joke. The joke ___ (9) but, work

 

strangely enough, Mr and Mrs Parker ___ (10) it as much as their not enjoy

 

daughter did!

 

 

2. Read the text. Use the word given at the end of each line to form a word that fits the space in the same line.

 

How to Learn Vocabulary Students are under enormous pressure to learn

 

huge amounts of vocabulary but they are rarely given ___ (1) as to how to guide

 

go about it. They have a ___ (2) to try and learn long lists by tend

 

heart, but this is hardly the most ___ (3) approach to the problem. efficiency

 

The golden rule is to do lots of ___ (4) at regular intervals. Secondly, revise

 

students should concentrate on words with the highest ___ (5), particularly frequent

 

everyday words which also improve the students’ spoken ___ (6). fluent

 

They should also take every opportunity to use the words in communication –

 

there is considerable ___ (7) evidence that learners who like psychology

 

using the foreign language improve their oral ___ (8) and their perform

 

overall ___ (9) of the language much more rapidly than acquire

 

students who are ___ (10) to practise the language in real situations. reluctance

 

 

3. Choose the most suitable word for each space.

 

Keeping fit and staying healthy have become à growing industry. ___ (1) apart from the amount of money spent each year on doctors’ ___ (2) and approved medical treatment, huge sums are now spent on health foods and ___ (3) of various kinds, from vitamin pills to mineral water, not to mention health clubs and keep-fit ___ (4) and videos. We are more concerned than ever, it seems, ___ (5) the water we drink and the air we breathe, and are smoking less, though not yet drinking less alcohol. This does not appear to mean that ___ (6) and sneezes have been banished, or that we can all expect to live to à hundred. To give à personal example, one of my friends, who is à keep-fit ___ (7), à non-smoker and teetotaller, and who is very ___ (8) about what he eats, is at present languishing in bed with à wrist in ___ (9) and à badly sprained ankle. Part of his healthy ___ (10) is to play squash every day after work, and that ___ (11) for the ankle. He also cycles everywhere, and if you have ever tried to cycle through the rushhour traffic with à sprained ankle, you will understand ___ (12) he acquired the broken wrist. For _____ (13), it seems, is not just à matter of à good ___ (14) and plenty of exercise. Too much exercise can be harmful, as many joggers have discovered. Eating the right food can easily become an obsession, as can overworking, which you might have to do so as to be able to afford your ___ (15) of the squash club, your mountain bike, your health food, and à few holidays in peaceful and healthy places.

 

 

1. a) Poles b) Far ñ) Quite d) So

 

2. a) prescriptions b) surgeries c) hospitals d) payments

 

3. a) medications b) cures c) drugs d) remedies

 

4. a) books b) television c) advice d) enthusiasts

 

5. a) than b) about c) for d) hence

 

6. a) colds b) coughs c) flu d) fevers

 

7. a) fanatic b) follower c) fad d) person

 

8. a) interested b) varied c) detailed d) particular

 

9. a) crutches b) plaster c) treatment d) danger

 

10. a) living b) lifetime c) lifestyle d) liveliness

 

11. a) is b) caters c) depends d) accounts

 

12. a) how b) that c) whenever d) thus

 

13. a) fit b) this c) health d) all

 

14. a) diet b) eating c) menu d) recipe

 

15. a) share b) visit c) membership d) subscription

Test 7

 

1. Read the text and put the words at the end of each line into the correct form.

 

What Can Computers Do?

 

Computers and microchips _____ (1) part of our everyday lives: we become

 

read magazines which _____ (2) on computer, we buy things with the produce

 

help of computers, we pay bills _____ (3) by computers. Just _____ (4) prepare

 

à phone number involves the use of à sophisticated computer system. dial

 

In the past, life without computers was much _____ (5) than it is today. difficult

 

The _____ (6) computers were able to multiply long numbers, but they one

 

_____ (7) do anything else. Nobody _____ (8) stories about robots not can

 

and space travel, but now computers are able to do almost all difficult jobs. believe

 

What makes your computer such à miraculous device? It is à calculating machine speed

 

that _____ (9) up financial calculations. It is à personal communicator

 

that _____ (10) you to interact with other computers and with people around enable

 

the world. And you can even use your PC to relax with computer games.

 

 

2. Read the text. Use the word given at the end of each line to form a word that fits the space in the same line.

 

A Challenge for Europe

 

Although recently there has been a small _____ (1) in the number of people out reduce

 

of work in Europe, _____ (2) is still the number one _____ (3) employ, society

 

problem facing the 15 member states of the European Union. Moreover,

 

_____ (4) of opportunity between men and women is still an issue that equal

 

_____ (5) in many countries have not come to grips with. In _____ (6) political, professional

 

such as law and engineering women are still noticeable by their

 

absence. _____ (7) still discriminate against women in a number of employ

 

ways even if their _____ (8) are the same as those of men. It would qualify

 

be a pity if the _____ (9) of the EU on an economic level were marred achieve

 

by _____ (10) in the vital area of social policy. fail

 

 

3. Choose the most suitable word for each space.

 

Trees are amongst the biggest and longest-living things on Earth, some dating back longer than the oldest buildings. But _____ (1) being nice to look at, trees also _____ (2) an important role in improving the quality of our lives. On a world-wide _____ (3), forests help to slow down the effects of global warming by using up the gas _____ (4) as carbon dioxide and giving _____ (5) the oxygen we need to breathe. At local neighbourhood level, trees also _____ (6) important environmental benefits. They offer shade and shelter, which in _____ (7) reduces the amount of energy needed to heat and cool _____ (8) buildings; at the same time, they also remove other impurities from the air we breathe. Urban trees are especially important because for many people they provide the only daily _____ (9) with the natural world. What’s _____ (10), urban trees also provide a home for birds, small animals and butterflies. _____ (11) the trees we would lose the pleasure of seeing these creatures in our cities. Regrettably, _____ (12), trees in cities are now coming under _____ (13). There is a limit to the level of pollution they can _____ (14) and, down at street level, their roots are being seriously _____ (15) by the digging needed to make way for modern telephone, television and other cables.

 

 

1. a) as far as b) as long as c) as soon as d) as well as

 

2. a) play b) show c) act d) serve

 

3. a) scale b) size c) range d) area

 

4. a) called b) known c) titled d) referred

 

5. a) in b) away c) up d) out

 

6. a) bring b) make c) take d) find

 

7. a) turn b) place c) order d) reach

 

8. a) opposite b) close c) next d) nearby

 

9. a) junction b) touch c) contact d) taste

 

10. a) more b) else c) most d) other

 

11. a) Throughout b) Beyond c) Without d) Outside

 

12. a) therefore b) whilst c) however d) despite

 

13. a) risk b) threat c) danger d) warning

 

14. a) stand in for b) face up to c) put up with d) fall back on

 

15. a) concerned b) disturbed c) interfered d) involved

Test 8

 

1. Read the text and put the words at the end of each line into the correct form.

 

Street Styles

 

Many people, especially young people, wear things which express their ideas

 

and feelings about life. If a boy _____ (1) very short, almost shaven hair, have

 

people expect him _____ (2) right wing politics. But boys with very have

 

long hair _____ (3) to have left wing politics. A boy who wears a leather think

 

jacket _____ (4) in bits of metal will probably ride a motorbike. The cover

 

rules of fashion are not as rigid as they once _____ (5) and today’s be

 

teenagers _____ (6) any particular trend at all. But teens are very not follow

 

influenced by _____ (7) and they have a desire to buy more luxurious celebrity

 

items. Street styles _____ (8) by the big fashion designers. In fact, not create

 

the fashion designers often use ideas from street fashions. But some

 

leaders of British fashion have enough ideas of _____ (9) own. One of them they

 

is Jean Muir, whose designs let her be one of the _____ (10) designers. good

 

 

2. Read the text. Use the word given at the end of each line to form a word that fits the space in the same line.

 

I have only been once to an art _____ (1). In fact, the Tate in London exhibit

 

was my _____ (2) to modern art, but although the gallery was introduce

 

quite interesting, I found the pictures difficult to understand. The _____ (3) paint

 

in the exhibition were by famous _____ (4) from all over the world. Our art

 

guide told us about each painting, and I listened carefully to her _____ (5). explain

 

After she had given us à _____ (6) of à painting by Picasso, 1 asked her describe

 

what it all _____ (7). She said we should not look for meaning but for _____ (8), mean, please

 

as the most important thing was to enjoy the shapes and colours.

 

_____ (9), I found this advice à complete _____ (10). person, reveal

 

 

3. Choose the most suitable word for each space.

 

Whenever we read about the natural world nowadays, it is generally to be _____ (1) dire predictions about its imminent destruction. Some scientists go so _____ (2) as to assert that from now on, the world can no longer be called ‘natural’, insofar as future processes of weather, _____ (3), and all the interactions of plant and animal life will no longer carry on in their time-honoured way, unaffected by _____ (4). There will never be such à thing as ‘natural weather’ again, say such writers, only weather _____ (5) by global warming. It is hard to know whether to believe such _____ (6) of doom, possibly because what they are saying seems too terrible to be _____ (7). There are other equally influential scientists who argue that climate has changed many times over the _____ (8), and that what we are experiencing now may simply be part of an endless cycle of change, rather than à disaster on à global _____ (9). One cannot help wondering whether these attempts to wish the problem away _____ (10) underline the extent to which western industrialised countries are to blame for upsetting the world’s _____ (11). It is not our fault, they seem to be saying, because everything is all right, really! One certain _____ (12) which is chilling in its implications, is that there is no longer anywhere on the earth’s _____ (13), whether in the depths of the oceans or in the polar wastes, which is not _____ (14) by polluted air or _____ (15) with empty cans and bottles. Now we have to come to terms with understanding just what that means, and it is far from easy.

1. a) made b) given c) told d) granted

 

2. a) much b) often c) really d) far

 

3. a) change b) atmosphere c) climate d) even

 

4. a) beings b) man c) people d) humans

 

5. a) built b) manufactured ñ) affected d) organised

 

6. a) prophets b) champions c) warriors d) giants

 

7. a) stopped b) true c) guessed d) here

 

8. a) top b) again c) centuries d) world

 

9. a) sense b) form c) scale d) existence

 

10. a) simply b) to ñ) chat d) or

 

11. a) future b) ecology ñ) balance d) population

 

12. a) fact b) must ñ) fault d) and

 

13. a) planet b) atmosphere c) anywhere d) surface

 

14. a) full b) stained c) breathing d) only

 

15. a) even b) recycled c) littered d) bothered

Test 9

 

1. Read the text and put the words at the end of each line into the correct form.

 

Things That Go Bump In The Night

 

It was quite late on a Friday night. Bill and Lora were having supper in their

 

new house. Things still felt a bit strange so they _____ (1) much notice not take

 

when they heard someone _____ (2) about noisily in the move

 

house next door. From the windows they _____ (3) see figures in the can

 

front garden. Bill and Lora assumed that their neighbours _____ (4) have

 

some sort of party. ‘That’s all right,’ said Bill. ‘Our neighbours dislike big

 

_____ (5). I hope they _____ (6) us long.’ Not long after, party, not disturb

 

they heard the front door shut and the house went very quiet. Bill and Lora

 

went to bed and _____ (7) all about it. At breakfast early the next day, forget

 

they heard someone _____ (8) loudly. Their neighbours arrived back shout

 

home and discovered that some _____ (9) _____ (10) all their furniture thief, take

 

and valuables from the house.

 

 

2. Read the text. Use the word given at the end of each line to form a word that fits the space in the same line.

 

The most _____ (1) pop group in history was the Beatles and the success

 

most _____ (2) bands of the 1960s and 1970s were male bands. The excite

 

Spice Girls were _____ (3) when they became _____ (4) in the usual, fame

 

1990s, but now female pop groups are not only common but quite interest

 

_____ (5) from à _____ (6) point of view as well. But what happens music

 

when à schoolgirl suddenly becomes very _____ (7) and well known? wealth

 

She leaves behind the _____ (8) life other girls lead, earns bore

 

à lot of money and buys x_____ (9) clothes. She gets _____ (10) to expense, expense

 

trendy parties. Will she forget all her old schoolfriends?

 

 

3. Choose the most suitable word for each space.

 

Have you ever thought about the future? One of the most amazing predictions I have heard _____ (1) the twenty-first century is that we will be living longer and longer. Scientists will have _____ (2) up with à cure for à lot of the most _____ (3) diseases that people die of at the moment. They say that _____ (4) the year 2050, the average person’s lifespan will have _____ (5) to one hundred years. They also _____ (6) that work will take _____ (7) less of our lives and we will have more _____ (8) time to spend. Robots, which will look more and more _____ (9) human beings, will have taken _____ (10) à lot of the boring everyday _____ (11) we do today. In the next five years, the Japanese will have _____ (12) à robot that understands human speech. This will _____ (13) about à big change in the way we live, and some people see robots as à _____ (14) to human freedom. They are afraid that we will not be _____ (15) to control them and that in the end, they will control us.

 

 

1. a) to b) about c) across d) up

 

2. a) turned b) made c) come d) found

 

3. a) common b) usual c) everyday d) known

 

4. a) until b) by c) up to d) on

 

5. a) gone b) come c) turned d) risen

 

6. a) predict b) tell c) wait d) advise

 

7. a) on b) over c) up d) away

 

8. a) break b) enjoy c) fun d) free

 

9. a) as b) like c) similar d) how

 

10. a) up b) off c) over d) in

 

11. a) jobs b) works c) employment d) occupations

 

12. a) discovered b) found c) done d) invented

 

13. a) bring b) turn c) take d) come

 

14. a) damage b) dream c) threat d) problem

 

15. a) reaching b) able c) manage d) succeed

Test 10

 

1. Read the text and put the words at the end of each line into the correct form.

 

The National Health Service in GB

 

The NHS (the national health service) in GB _____ (1) centrally and organize

 

medical insurance is compulsory. There _____ (2) a number be

 

of private medical insurance schemes in the country. The _____ (3) one big

 

is BUPA. These days such schemes _____ (4) increasingly popular become

 

as being more convenient. The modern _____ (5) of the NHS are difficulty

 

the same as those faced by equivalent systems in other countries. The need

 

number of old people _____ (6) medical care _____ (7) dramatically grow

 

since 1998. But the country spends _____ (8) money per person on health care little

 

than any other country in the western world. One possible reason for this is

 

the way that GPs _____ (9). The money which they get from the pay

 

government _____ (10) on the number of consultations they not depend

 

perform, it depends on the number of registered patients.

 

 

2. Read the text. Use the word given at the end of each line to form a word that fits the space in the same line.

 

Primary schools in London are trying out an ambitious plan through which

 

young children get an _____ (1) to serious music. The idea comes introduce

 

from à group of famous (_____ 2) who are concerned about the music

 

_____ (3) of certain types of classical music. They see the plan as survive

 

one possible _____ (4) to the problem of declining audiences at classical solve

 

concerts. Their _____ (5) is that an interest in classical music should argue

 

be developed in early _____ (6). They reject the idea that children child

 

are _____ (7) in serious music or necessarily find it boring. The group interest

 

goes into à school and gives à live _____ (8) of à short classical perform

 

piece and then this is followed by an _____ (9) of how the instruments explain

 

work. These sessions have proved so _____ (10) that they have now success

 

become à regular feature in some schools.

 

 

3. Choose the most suitable word for each space.

 

When faced with some new and possibly bewildering technological change, most people react in one of two _____ (1). They either recoil from anything new, claiming that it is unnecessary, or too _____ (2) or that it somehow makes life less than _____ (3). Or they learn to _____ (4) to the new invention, and eventually _____ (5) how they could possibly have existed without it. _____ (6) computers as an example. For many of us, they still represent à _____ (7) to our freedom,


Date: 2015-12-24; view: 701


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