Test 36. Read the text and put the verbs in brackets into the correct past forms.
Last year Sam and Joanna decided to buy a house. They (1)(save up) for ages, and by the end of April they (2)(put by) enough for the deposit on a house. They (3)(live) in a tiny flat at the time and Joanna (4)(insist) that she wanted a house with a big garden. They (5)(search) for only a few days when they found exactly what they (6)(look for) – a two-bedroomed house in nearly an acre of garden. Unfortunately the owner (7)(ask) much more than they (8)(be) willing to pay, and when they (9)(look) more closely at the interior, they (10)(see) that whoever (11)(live) there before, (12)(make) an absolute mess of the walls and floors. Still Joanna (13)(like) the garden and the location so much that she (14)(manage) to convince Sam that, despite the price, it (15)(be) the perfect house for them.
Test 37. Read the text and put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.
Farmers, as we all (1)(know), (2)(have) à hard time of it in Britain lately, and (3)(turn) to new ways of earning income from their land. This (4)(involve) not only planting new kinds of crops, but some strange ways of making money, the most unusual of which has got to be sheep racing. Yes, you (5)(hear) me correctly! À farmer in the West of England now (6)(hold) sheep races on à regular basis, and during the past year over 100 000 people (7)(turn up) to watch the proceedings. ‘I (8)(pass) the farm on my way to the sea for à holiday,’ one punter told me, ‘and I (9)(think) I’d have à look. I (10)(not believe) it was serious, to tell you the truth.’
According to à regular visitor, betting on sheep is more interesting than betting on horses. ‘At proper horse races everyone (11)(already study) the form of the horses in advance, and there are clear favourites. But nobody (12)(hear) anything about these sheep! Most people (13)(find) it difficult to tell one from another in any case.’
‘I (14)(stay) to watch the races, and I must admit that I (15)(find) it quite exciting. In à typical race, half à dozen sheep (16)(race) downhill over à course of about half à mile. Food (17)(wait) for them at the other end of the track, I ought to add! The sheep (18)(run) surprisingly fast, although presumably they (19)(not eat) for à while just to give them some motivation. At any rate, the crowd around me (20)(obviously enjoy) their day out at the races, judging by their happy faces and the sense of excitement.’
Test 38. Read the text and put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.
Ask hundreds of people what they (1)(do) on à certain day in August next year, or the year after, and there (2)(be) only one reply. Provided of course that the people you (3)(ask) (4)(belong) to the Elvis Presley Fan Club. Although the King of Rock and Roll (5)(die) nearly two decades ago, his fans (6)(meet) every year since then outside his home in Memphis, Tennessee, to show respect for the singer they (7) (love) so much. Fans like Jean Thomas, from Catford in South London. Jean (8)(visit) Gracelands, the house where Elvis (9)(suffer) his fatal heart attack, twice in the past five years. ‘The first time I (10)(borrow) the money from my Mum, as I (11)(not work) then. But two years ago I (12)(get) married and since then I (13)(work) in my husband Chris’s garage. Chris and I (14)(go) together last year, and we (15)(think) of spending two or three months in the USA next year. I (16)(always want) to visit some of the places where Elvis (17)(perform). Like Las Vegas for example.’ Jean says that Elvis (18)(be) her obsession ever since she (19)(be) ten years old, and she (20)(own) every single one of his records, good and bad.
Test 39. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct passive form.
1. You (take) around the city tomorrow.
2. Melons (grow) in the south of France.
3. The ship-building industry (reduce) since 1970.
4. He (shock) by the story at our last meeting.
5. This text must (translate) tomorrow.
6. In 1980 the Olympic Games (hold) in Moscow.
7. The room (not clean) yet.
8. Mercedes cars (make) in Germany.
9. The furniture should (dust) every week.
10. The streets (decorate) at the moment.
11. The translation (do) in time. Everyone was glad.
12. We (impress) by her acting at her last concert.
13. More raw materials (import) in the future.
14. Your health can (improve) with more exercise.
15. The books have to (return) to the library.
16. The letters (send) this week.
17. Today a lot of electronic goods (manufacture) in SouthEast Asia.
18. The examination (hold) next Friday.
19. Coal (mine) in Wales for centuries.
20. Where’s the radio? It (repair)?
Test 40. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct passive form.
1. When the telephone (invent)?
2. I can’t give you these articles.They (translate) now.
3. The letter (not write) tomorrow.
4. English (speak) all over the world.
5. She showed me the picture that (paint) by her husband.
6. My dress is clean now. It (wash).
7. All the questions on the paper must (answer).
8. These houses (build) in 1500.
9. Tomorrow by 3 o’clock everything (prepare).
10. Rugby (play) since 1845.
11. My house (paint) the whole day yesterday.
12. Flowers usually (sell) in the streets.
13. This film (discuss) at the next lesson.
14. Your composition (write) yet?
15. I couldn’t use my hotel room because it (not clean) yet.
16. It was very dark. Nothing could (see).
17. What usually (make) from milk?
18. I’m sure that the invitation (receive) by next Sunday.
19. Wait a little! Your question (discuss) now.
20. The UK (wash) by the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea.
Test 41. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct passive form.
1. When the first restaurant (open) on the Moon?
2. Pineapples (not grow) in England.
3. The room (clean) yet? Can I use it?
4. When you return from your journey, this novel already (publish).
5. Where are the skis? They (repair) now?
6. The results (announce) tomorrow morning.
7. All the work (do) by 6 o’clock yesterday.
8. The plants should (water) every week.
9. What kinds of medicines usually (make) from plants?
10. Coca-Cola (produce) since 1895.
11. When the first car (construct)?
12. When I came to the office, the text already (translate).
13. A new school (build) in our district now.
14. Your shirt is dirty. It must (clean).
15. The statue broke while it (move) to another room.
16. These books (buy) two days ago.
17. Don’t worry! Your keys (find). Here they are!
18. Russia (rule) from Moscow.
19. When I came, the film still (discuss).
20. I think the report (not write) by next Monday.
Test 42. Read the text and put the verbs in brackets into the correct passive form.
Policeman Shot Dead in Training A police officer has died after suffering a gunshot wound to the chest in a training exercise in Manchester. The male officer died in hospital after the incident, which took place in Thorp Road, about a mile from the city centre, at about 11.35. The officer (1)(take) to North Manchester General Hospital, where he (2)(pronounce) dead later. Police sealed off entrances to the site but forensic officers could (3)(see) in the yard outside the warehouse, which (4)(cordon) off with yellow tape. An ambulance was also on site. It was not immediately clear whether the officer (5)(shoot) accidentally by one of his own colleagues. A Greater Manchester Police spokesman said the training exercise (6)(hold) in a “reasonably routine” way. The Independent Police Complaints Commission (7)(notify) about the fatal shooting and three investigators (8)(send) to the scene to carry out an initial assessment. The area where the incident happened is the site of a disused former electronics factory, which (9)(know) locally as the Sharp Building. The factory (10)(surround) by other industrial units and wasteland.
5.3. ACTIVE OR PASSIVE?
Test 43. Active or passive? Choose the correct verb form.
1. The book (wrote/was written) by Hardy.
2. Four people (have killed/have been killed) in à train crash.
3. À famous architect (was built/built) the bridge.
4. The house (bought/was bought) by à pop-star.
5. Local police (have been arrested/have arrested) the bank robber.
6. I (arrived/was arrived) last Friday.
7. The room (will ñlåàn/will be cleaned) later.
8. ‘Did you go to the party?’ ‘No, I (didn’t invite/wasn’t invited).’
9. It’s à big company. It (is employed/employs) two hundred people.
10. Tom (has lost/has been lost) his key.
11. Many accidents (caused/are caused) by dangerous driving.
12. À cinema is à place where films (show/are shown).
13. People (aren’t used/don’t use) this road very often.
14. This house (built/was built) in 1930.
15. This situation is serious. Something must (do/be done) before it’s too late.
16. My car (has disappeared/has been disappeared).
17. Have you heard the news? The President (has shot/has been shot).
18. À new supermarket (will be built/will built) here next year.
19. (in à shop) ‘Can I help you, madam?’ ‘No, thank you. I (am serving/am being served).’
20. When I came to the party, John (had already been gone/ had already gone) home.
Test 44. Active or passive? Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.
1. The computer (use) at the moment.
2. Your house looks different. You (paint) it?
3. Water (cover) most of the Earth’s surface.
4. Most of the Earth’s surface (cover) by water.
5. When we got to the stadium, we found out that the game (cancel). So we couldn’t see the match.
6. The park gates (lock) at 6.30 p.m. every evening.
7. The letter (post) a week ago but it (arrive) yesterday.
8. Ann couldn’t use her office yesterday. It (redecorate) the whole day.
9. At 10 o’clock tomorrow, Ann will be in her office. She (work) then.
10. Ron’s parents (die) when he was very young. He and his sister (bring up) by their grandparents.
11. While I was on holiday, my camera (steal) from my hotel room.
12. Look! A new hospital (build) near the airport.
13. Where these photographs (take)? In London? You (take) them?
14. Two people (arrest) last night.
15. The computer broke down yesterday, but now it’s OK. It (work) again. It (repair).
16. The man next door (disappear) six months ago. Nobody (see) him since then.
17. The room looked nice. It (clean).
18. There’s somebody walking behind us. I think we (follow).
19. A mystery is something that can’t (explain). 20. I’m sure that by the time we come to the theatre, all the tickets already (sell).
Test 45. Active or passive? Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.
1. How she usually (get) to school?
2. When we came, the dinner still (cook).
3. I was very tired because I (run) for an hour.
4. Jane ever (hear) this story?
5. When summer (come), we’ll go to the seaside.
6. Please wait! Your question (discuss) now.
7. She (paint) the door by the time we come back?
8. The book (publish) next month.
9. How long you (have) this book?
10. The cooking usually (do) by my mother.
11. ‘When he (get) this letter?’ ‘A week ago.’
12. If she (not come), we won’t be able to finish the work.
13. They (work) the whole evening tomorrow.
14. This novel (write) last year?
15. Tom (write) this report for two days.
16. What novel she (write) now?
17. What you (do) when I called you?
18. The clock (repair) by next Monday.
19. When the manager came, we (not write) all the letters yet.
20. Your bag (find) yet?
Test 46. Read the text and put the verbs in brackets into the correct form (active or passive).
The Public Welfare System in America The majority of Americans – about 85 percent – are neither wealthy nor poor. They (1)(belong) to the broad economic category considered to be ‘middle class’. But they (2)(trouble) by the fact that poverty (3)(exist) in their land. The US (4)(know) for its wealth, its abundance of food and its opportunity for everybody to build a good life. The goal is to operate a free enterprise economy in which everyone who (5)(want) to work can find it. Despite that goal, there is always a percentage of people who want to work but who cannot find employment for which they (6)(suit). In recent years, the official figure for unemployment (7)(average) between five and seven percent.
The public welfare system in the USA is so large that in the early and mid-1980s nearly one half of all money spent by the federal government (8)(be) for ‘social payments’ – money used to help people. The percentage (9)(double) since the 1960s, when only about 25 percent of the money spent by the federal government (10)(support) these welfare needs.
In addition to federal programs, there are programs in each of the 50 states which (11)(design) to help people in need.
Some people believe that increased direct expenditure by the federal government is the best means to eliminate poverty. Others say the welfare system (12)(not reward) individual initiative – it (13)(encourage) people to stay unemployed and spend, rather than save money. All of the studies and the arguments about poverty and public welfare programs show that Americans (14)(concern) about a problem that (15)(not solve) yet.
Test 47. Read the text and put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.
Jason Peters is a wildlife cameraman. He (1)(film) wild animals for documentary programmes on TV. For fifteen years he (2)(explore) the world’s jungles. Several times he (3)(bite) by snakes. Alligators (4)(attack) him more times than he can remember. But Jason (5)(enjoy) his lifestyle. ‘If (6)(not have) this job,’ he says, ‘my life (7)(be) boring.’ Last year he (8)(work) in Venezuela. While he (9)(film) the Matis Indians there, he learned some interesting facts which he (10)(not know) before. ‘The Matis (11)(eat) monkeys’, says Jason, ‘but they (12)(not eat) other animals which are part of their religion.’ At the moment he (13)(prepare) to go back to the Amazon, that’s why he (14)(study) the Amazon people. He (15)(already read) a lot of books about them.