Ex. 4. Match these adjectives with suitable weather nouns.
gentle, heavy, high, light, loud, strong, thick
Example: a light wind
a) a wind, b) rain c) fog d) snow e) drizzle f) a shower g) thunder h) clouds i) a downpour j) a breeze.
Ex. 5. How many weather nouns can you think of that can be made into adjectives by adding the letter –y? Write a list. Remember that sometimes the final consonant has to be doubled, e.g. sun-sunny.
Ex. 6.* Fill in the blanks using the words from the box.
sunny, average, to thaw, snowfall, in the fog, wet, gale, heat, shade, the rain, pouring, early, cool, drizzling, sun, degrees, below zero, weather forecast, prospect, sunshine and showers, heavy, rain
1. It usually begins ____ ____ in spring. 2. It’s dangerous to drive ____ . 3. There was a heavy ___ in the morning. 4. It’s ___ cats and dogs, you will get ___ through. 5. I can’t stand ___, so I prefer ___ weather. 6. - What is the ___ temperature in winter in the Moscow region? It varies from 5 to 15 ___ ___ ___ . 7. According to the ___ ___ for today the day will be___ with ___ spells. 8. Yesterday we had a mixture of ___ ___ ___. 9. ___ frosts are in ___ in the afternoon. 10. I’m sick and tired of ___. 11. The ___ had broken the window and the fence and the farmer was fixing them. 12. It is 32 degrees in the ___. What is the temperature in the ___, I wonder? 13. He sheltered from the ___ under the tree.
Ex. 7. A. Read the sentences describing different types of weather phenomena and translate them into Russian.
Cold weather: In Scandinavia, the chilly days of autumn soon change to the cold days of winter. The first frosts arrive and the roads become icy. Rain becomes sleet and then snow, at first turning to slush in the streets, but soon settling with severe blizzards and snowdrifts in the far north. Freezing weather often continues in the far north until May or even June, when the ground starts to thaw and the ice melts again.
Wet weather: Autumn in London is usually chilly and damp with rain and drizzle. It was absolutely pouring down. = There was a real downpour. In the Tropics there is usually torrential rain most days, and the roads often get flooded. There are floods on the roads. This rain won’t last long; it’s only a shower. The storm damaged several houses. We got very wet in the thunderstorm. Hailstones were battering the roof of our car. The sky’s a bit overcast; I think it’s going to rain. We had a drought last summer. It didn’t rain for six weeks.
Wind: There was a gentle breeze on the beach, just enough to cool us. There’s a good wind today; fancy going sailing? It’s a very blustery day; the umbrella will just blow away. There’s been a gale warning; it would be crazy to go sailing. People boarded up their windows when they heard there was a hurricane on the way.
B. Read the sentences paying attention to the countable nouns used with the words denoting different weather phenomena and translate them into Russian.
We have certainly had a good spell of summer weather this year. Did you hear that rumble of thunder? It came almost immediately after the flash of lightning. I heard a sharp clap of thunder, then a few rumbles in the distance. A sudden gust of wind turned my umbrella inside out. There was a sudden shower of rain this morning. Did you feel a spot of rain?
Ex 8.* Fill the gaps with words describing weather.
My first experience of real winter weather was when I went to Northern Canada. I was used to the sort of snow that falls in London, which quickly turns into brown ___ (1) with all the people walking on it. In fact, most of the time I was in London, it didn’t really snow properly, it was mostly ___ (2). Apart from that, British winters meant a bit of white ___ (3) on my garden and occasionally having to drive very carefully on icy roads early in the morning. I had never experienced the ___(4) and ___(5) that can paralyse a whole city in less than an hour and close roads completely. However, when the earth finally ___(6) and all the snow ___(7) away in spring, everything comes to life again and looks more beautiful than ever.
Ex. 9.* Fill the gaps with the articles the or a/an.
1. It was ___ day in July last year. 2. I remember ___ day really well. 3. It was ___ bright sunny morning. 4. I took ___ thin pullover, just in case it turned chilly. 5. By two o’clock in ___ afternoon, it felt like mid-December. 6. Don’t stay out in ___ hot sun for too long. 7. After that you can double ___ time of ___ previous day.
Ex. 10.* Fill the gaps in the sentences with the correct form of these verbs.
to blow, to fall, to pour, to shine, to strike
1. When I looked out of the window this morning, snow ___. 2. It ___ with rain all day, so the match was cancelled. 3. Can you hear the wind ___ outside? 4. During the storm last night our school was ___ by lightning. 5. The sun didn’t ___ once during our two-week holiday.
Ex. 11. Read aloud the following sentences and translate them into Russian.
1. It rains more and more often, it’s getting colder and colder. 2. It doesn’t often rain here at this time of year, it’s usually dry and sunny. 3. “Does it ever snow in September?” “No, it never does, but it’s often cold outside.” 4. Everybody thinks it never snows in the summer, but it sometimes does, believe me!” “Oh, does it?” 5. “Isn’t it going to rain?” “No, I don’t think so”. 6. It was snowing so hard when we left the house that we could hardly see the road. 7. “ It looks like rain, doesn’t it?” “Oh, yes, it does. It’s going to rain any minute.” 8. “It didn’t snow much last winter, did it?” “Yes, it did, very much. We had a lot of snow last winter.” 9. It’s raining harder and harder, let’s go back before it’s too late, shall we?”
Read through the gapped text quickly. Fill the sentences given after the article into the gaps. Match the topic of the missing sentence with the topic of the sentences before and after each gap.
THE STRUGGLE TO BEAT THE COLD
Last week, Stephen Martin, David Mitchell and Clive Johnson, all members of Transpolar expedition, were forced to abandon their 1400-mile walk across the North Pole from Siberia to Canada.
The Arctic Circle in winter is a hostile zone, as everybody knows. The polar bears spend much of their time sleeping, the birds fly south and many of the whales move to California. 0-H The Arctic climate has been so severe this year, that several expeditions have been abandoned for safety reasons.
Martin, Mitchell and Johnson were overcome by exhaustion, cold and almost impossible travel conditions. Ironically, in one of the coldest spells in the north, with the temperature falling to –50 degrees C, the trio have had to deal with the polar traveller’s nightmare – open water. In very strong wind, the Arctic ice will move and break up. Even though it is very cold, large cracks can develop in the ice and expose the sea. 1-
The wind is another problem: no matter how low the temperature is, the wind will make it even colder. Sea water freezes at –1.8 degrees C, so falling in is extremely hazardous. Even if you are fully clothed, the water begins to soak through fairly quickly, so you have a limited amount of time to get out. 2- In this way a lot of body heat is lost.
And then there is the risk that one of the parties could get cut off.
Even on one ice floe, this danger exists. If the weather is bad, the ice floes split. There have even been instances of a split appearing through the middle of a camp, which means that explorers must be prepared for the worst. 3- In these circumstances, it is difficult to relax.
After the struggle with heavy equipment across broken ice, in high winds and impossible temperatures, there is another problem: how do you rest? 4- Instead, there is ice in the sleeping bag caused by frozen breath and perspiration. This can make sleeping extremely uncomfortable.
Martin, Mitchell and Johnson were prepared for all these problems. 5- They also took care to protect the parts of their body most at risk from frostbite: the hands and especially the feet. Their feet were protected by four layers of socks and three kinds of boots.
Their hands were also protected by several layers, with a huge pair of overgloves to finish. The problems came when they had to put up a tent or open a flask. 6- Hands are more vulnerable to frostbite than other parts of the body.
Unfortunately, all this careful preparation was not enough, and Martin, Mitchell and Johnson had to give up their expedition. They are not, however, the only explorers to have met with such bad luck: defeat and disaster have been part of polar history ever since Sir John Franklin sailed north in 1846 with the loss of 129 lives.