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VII. Put down the main ideas of the text using the key sentences.

VIII. Read the text and discuss the new projects:

Chip maker Intel shows off R&D projects

Computing is entering a more personal age where new ways to interact with humans are beginning to sprout. This was one message from Intel's annual research day, where projects from the Santa Clara chip maker's labs were placed on display for press and analysts to view.

Much of the laboratory work showed had a practical orientation: energy-saving technology for laptops; a chip to prevent online gamers from cheating; more compact antennas for connecting to wireless computer networks.

But Justin Rattner, the senior fellow, said he foresees a time when computers will recognize human expressions and react accordingly. Machines will be able to tell if you are angry or happy. "What we're starting to look at is fusing the virtual with the physical," Rattner said.

Speaking computers that can listen and respond also might be conceivable. Vocabulary might be limited and content restricted, but even handheld devices could have verbal capabilities by relying on more powerful machines on the Internet for the necessary computational power. The research group has a new focus on technology for "ultra-mobile devices" - small, lightweight portable devices that still carry substantial computing power - along with a greater determination to turn research projects into commercial goods.

Researchers work more closely with product developers, staying with their work for six to 12 months longer than they might have in the past as it is turned into something the company can market. "Right now, everybody's optimistic about the improvement," Rattler said.

Despite the new product focus, most of the research projects displayed were years away from the market. Senior researcher Robert Ennals' "Mashmaker" offers a way to mine data from multiple Web sites onto a single page. For instance, an apartment hunter might gather listings from Craigslist and information from the online yellow pages to determine which apartments are closest to his or her favorite restaurants - in effect creating a mash-up. "I see this as an enhanced way of viewing the Internet," Ennals said. He expects to test the site soon with a limited number of users.

Intel researchers also are developing a chip that would help end cheating by online gamers. "We actually went out and studied 400 online gamers," said technology manager Joseph Pitarresi. "Over 50 percent of them said they were aware of online cheating and 80 percent of those people said they didn't know what to do." The chip detects cheaters who hack into a player's computer and alter the game in their favor.

Displayed as well was the driverless car enter the Urban Challenge, where the automated vehicle will navigate a race through city streets. The car is being developed in Stanford University and makes use of lasers and a GPS system to avoid objects and reach the finish line. (Mark Boslet)

IX. Read the article and render it in Russian:

Date: 2015-12-24; view: 587

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