Task 9. Complete the following text choosing from the words in the square.
The judiciaryare perhaps the most prominent amongst those involved in running the court. The largest group of …… are ……. , ordinary citizens who are not legal professionals but are appointed to ensure that the local community is involved in the running of the legal system. They sit as a group of three (as a ' …… '). Magistrates sit with a legally qualified …… , who can advise on points of law. A case is presented by the …… , who takes over the case from the police who have already charged the defendant (or accused) with specified crimes.
In the upper courts, the judges are almost all former …… . But many cases are also heard by …… - part-time barristers from private practice. The Crown Court …… consists of 12 persons, aged 18 to 70.
The juryin an English court is made up of 12 people. Their function is to decide on points of fact, in other words, whether the accusedcommitted the crime with which s/he is charged; the role of the judgeis to advise the jury on points of law.
Task 10. Below is a list of tasks carried out by solicitors and barristers. Classify them into the appropriate column.
advising clients on general legal issues
advising clients on specialist legal issues
advising on litigation advising on tax matters
-advocacy in all courtsadvocacy in the lower courts
commercial work conveyancing of houses
dealing with commercial transactions
drafting of documents in connection with litigation
making wills preparing cases
share and other property dealings
advocacy in the lower courts
advocacy in all courts
'A solicitoris a man who calls in a person he doesn't know to sign a contract he hasn't seen to buy property he doesn't want with money he hasn't got.'
Attributed to: Dingwall Bateson(1898-1967), British lawyer
Task 11. The legal training for solicitors (who provide general legal advice to clients) and barristers (who present cases in the upper courts) is different. The following short texts describe the stages in legal training, but they are mixed up. Put the steps into the correct category and order.
1 PRACTICE AND CONTINUING EDUCATION
The next stage is to obtain a 'tenancy': becoming an assistant to a practising barrister.
2 GETTING THE QUALIFICATIONS
The next step is to acquire some legal training specific to the work of a barrister.
3 DEVELOPING PRACTICAL SKILLS
Next the intending solicitor has to enter a two-year training contract with a firm of solicitors to gain practical experience in a variety of areas of law.
4 GETTING THE TRAINING AND EXPERIENCE: PUPILLAGE
This is the 'apprenticeship' served by trainee barristers, who are known as pupils. It usually takes a year and consists of a mixture of assisting and observing experienced barristers, as well as more practical experience.
5 GETTING THE ACADEMIC QUALIFICATIONS
The quickest and most common route to qualification is by means of a qualifying law degree.
6 GETTING THE VOCATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS
You will have to undertake the Legal Practice Course, which is the professional training for solicitors. The course teaches the practical application of the law to the needs of clients.
7 GETTING THE ACADEMIC QUALIFICATIONS
The first part of training to become a barrister is known as the academic stage, which provides a general theoretical introduction to the law.
Training for solicitors
Training for barristers
In British English, the noun is spelled practiceand the verb practise;in American English both the noun and the verb are spelled practise.
Task 12. Below are typical legal phrases. What preposition do you use with the following phrases?