Read the text given below. For questions (1–4), choose the answer (A, B, C or D) which you think fits best according to the text.
Today, roller skating is easy and fun. But a long time ago, it wasn’t easy at all. Before 1750, the idea of skating didn’t exist. That changed because of a man named Joseph Merlin. Merlin’s work was making musical instruments. In his spare time he liked to play the violin. Joseph Merlin was a man of ideas and dreams. People called him a dreamer. One day Merlin received an invitation to attend a fancy dress ball. He was very pleased and a little excited. As the day of the party came near, Merlin began to think how to make a grand entrance at the party. He had an idea. He thought he would get a lot of attention if he could skate into the room.
Merlin tried different ways to make himself roll. Finally, he decided to put two wheels under each shoe. These were the first roller skates. Merlin was very proud of his invention as dreamed of arriving at the party on wheels while playing the violin. On the night of the party Merlin rolled into the room playing his violin. Everyone was astonished to see him. There was just one problem. Merlin had no way to stop his roller skates. He rolled on and on. Suddenly, he ran into a huge mirror that was hanging on the wall. Down fell the mirror, breaking to pieces. Nobody forgot Merlin’s grand entrance for a long time!
The text is mainly about ..... .
v Aa strange man
v Ban unusual party
v Chow roller skating began
v Dhow people enjoyed themselves in the 18th century
People thought Merlin was a dreamer because he ..... .
v Aoften gave others surprises
v Bwas a gifted musician
v Cinvented the roller skates
v Dwas full of imagination
Merlin put wheels under his shoes in order to ..... .
v Aimpress the party guests
v Barrive at the party sooner
v Ctest his invention
v Dshow his skill in walking on wheels
4. What is the main point the writer is trying to make in the last paragraph?
v AThe roller skates needed further improvement.
v BThe party guests took Merlin for a fool.
v CMerlin succeeded beyond expectation.
v DMerlin got himself into trouble.
Examination Card ¹6
Read the text given below and choose the best answer (A, B, C, D) for the sentences (1–4).
Picture the scene: a young woman is walking to her car in a multi-storey car park late at night. Suddenly, a man jumps out at her from behind a column. She performs some fancy moves, kicks him where it hurts and while he’s on the floor she jumps into her car and drives away unharmed.
Well, that’s how they do it in films. Unfortunately, the reality might be something quite different. When the girl tries to kick the bad guy, he grabs her and pulls her off balance and now she’s on the floor, defenceless, with nowhere to run. This little scenario should serve to teach you three very important things: real life is nothing like in films; never walk alone at night, whether you are a man or a woman: and, most importantly, use your brain and not your body to defend yourself against an attacker.
Staying safe is all about not putting yourself in a potentially dangerous situation. Avoid a potential attack before it happens by using your common sense. This means don’t go out alone at night, stay in well-lit areas, make sure someone always knows where you are, be aware of your surroundings at all times, walk with confidence and carry a mobile phone with you at all times. Basically, don’t make yourself a target. Attackers look for people who are vulnerable.
If you do find yourself in a dangerous situation where you are being threatened, try and diffuse it. That is, try not to make the situation worse by getting angry or trying to fight. The best defence is to remove yourself completely from the situation. Calmly walk away if you can, but if you feel you have to run away, then that’s what you should do, as fast as you can. If all else fails and physical force is your only choice, then you must fight back. However, the only way to do this effectively is to use the moves you have learnt at a self-defence class. A good self-defence instructor will teach you how to escape an attacker’s grasp and how to disable or distract him long enough for you to escape.
1. What is the writer’s purpose in writing the text?
v Ato describe something that happened
v Bto say why people are attacked
v Cto teach people how to fight
v Dto explain how to defend yourself
2. What would a reader learn about films from the text?
v AThey don’t give a realistic message about self-defence.
v BThey can make some people very violent.
v CThey can be a useful way to learn about self-defence.