1. In the year 122 AD, the Roman Emperor Hadrian (visit) his provinces in Britain.
2. On his visit, the Roman soldiers (tell) him that Pictish tribes from Britain's north (attack) them.
3. So Hadrian (give) the order to build a protective wall across one of the narrowest parts of the country.
4. After 6 years of hard work, the Wall (finish) in 128.
5. It (be) 117 kilometres long and about 4 metres high.
6. The Wall (guard) by 15,000 Roman soldiers.
7. Every 8 kilometres there (be) a large fort in which up to 1,000 soldiers (find) shelter.
8. The soldiers (watch) over the frontier to the north and (check) the people who (want) to enter or leave Roman Britain.
9. In order to pass through the Wall, people (must go) to one of the small forts that (serve) as gateways.
10. Those forts (call) milecastles because the distance from one fort to another (be) one Roman mile (about 1,500 metres).
11. Between the milecastles there (be) two turrets from which the soldiers (guard) the Wall.
12. If the Wall (attack) by enemies, the soldiers at the turrets (run) to the nearest milecastle for help or (light) a fire that (can / see) by the soldiers in the milecastle.
13. In 383 Hadrian's Wall (abandon).
14. Today Hadrian's Wall (be) the most popular tourist attraction in northern England.
15. In 1987, it (become) a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
22. What happens to a car when it is taken for a service? Look at the prompts and make sentences using the present simple passive, as in the example.
1 the oil / change
The oil is changed.
2 the brakes / test
3 the filters / replace
4 air / put / in the tyres
5 the battery / check
6 the lights / test
7 broken parts / repair
8 it / take / for a test drive
9 the radiator / fill / with water
23. Detective Maguire is talking to a police officer about a burglary which happened early yesterday morning. In pairs, ask and answer questions using the prompts below, as in the example.
1. Have you dusted the house for fingerprints yet?
the house / dust / for fingerprints yesterday
Yes, the house was dusted for fingerprints yesterday.
2. Have you found any evidence yet?
a piece of material / find / this morning
3. Have you interviewed the house owners yet?
they / interview / last night
4. Have you questioned the neighbors yet?
they / question / this morning
5. Have you arrested any suspects yet?
two men / arrest / yesterday evening
6. Have you interrogated the suspects yet?
they / interrogate / last night
7. Have you recovered the stolen goods yet?
they / recover / this morning
8. Have you written your report yet?
it / complete / an hour ago
24. Helen and Chris moved house two years ago. Yesterday, they drove past their old house and saw that it looked very different. Describe the changes using the present perfect simple passive, as in the example.
1 the outside walls / paint
The outside walls have been painted.
2 new windows / put in
3 a garden pond / make
4 the trees / cut down
5 a lot of flowers / plant
6 the old gate / replace
25. A young actress is hoping to star in a new film. Her friend is asking her what is going to happen. Respond to her questions using the passive infinitive, as in the example.