5] « what about going to the cinema tomorrow ?» he said.
Indirect He suggested going to the cinema the next day.
6] « Why don't you ask him? »he said.
Indirect He suggested asking him -- or -- He advised me to ask him
7] « Could I have a cup of tea? » he said
Indirect He asked me for a cup of tea
8] « Could you live alone?» he said
Indirect He asked me if I could live alone
Finally, Don't forget:
say -----›› say says -----›› says said -----›› said
say to -----›› tell says to -----›› tells said to -----›› told
- إذا كان فعل القول ماضىومعة كلمة تدل على الوقت الجالى والكلام قد انتهى منذ فترة قصيرة ( حالا أو توا ) لا تتغير الأزمنة أو ظروف الزمان أو المكان.
مع التعبيرات التالية :
( now / just now / a moment ago / a minute ago / a short time ago / recently
* He said just now " I will visit the zoo tomorrow. " ( He said just now that )
----» He said just now that he will visit the zoo tomorrow.
- إذا كانت الجملة تدل على عادة متكررة لا تتغير الأزمنة أو ظروف المكان أو الزمان .
* He said " I go to school everyday at 7 o'clock. "
----» He said that he goes to school every day at 7 o'clock.
@ Choose the correct answer:
1- Ahmed says that he (went-gone-goes-had gone) to Alex every year.
2- He (told-said-asked-ordered) he was living with his uncle.
3- He said that he (had written-would write-is writing-was writing) a letter then.
4- He told me that he (will reach-would reach-reached-had reached) Cairo the following week.
5- Mohamed (said-told-asked-spoke) he had never been to Luxor.
6- He said that he (attended-was attending-had attended-has attended) the meeting the day before.
7- He said that he (would see-has seen-had seen-was seen) a new film on TV the night before.
8- He told me that he (will visit-would visit-is visiting-visited) me the next day.
9- He said just now that he (bought-has bought-would buy-will buy) a new car next month.
10-He said that he (doesn't go-wouldn't go-hadn't gone-won't go ) to school the previous day
Rewrite the following sentences using the words in brackets :
1.He says , " I'm pleased to get the prize " ( He says that )
2.He said , " I shall meet him at six o'clock . "( He said that )
3.He said to me , " stop when the light is red . " ( He told me )
4.She said to her sister, " Don't play in the street "( not to )
5.He asked me when I arrived . ( He said to me )
6.He advised me not to work for a late hour .( don't )
7.The teacher said , " Don't write the questions . "( not to )
8.Mother said to me, " Don't be late . "( not to )
9." Leave me a lone, " said Mona to her friends .( to leave )
10.He said to the pupils, " Don't leave before you finish "( He told the pupils )
11.She said to me , " Don't write your name on the box . "( She told me )
12." I'm going to travel to ِAmerica . "( He told me )
13.He said, " I went to the cinema last Monday . "( He told me )
14.She said to me, " I'll buy a new car next month." ( She told me )
15.Ahmed said to Ali, " I have won the prize last week."( Ahmed told Ali )
Write what you would say in each of the following situations :
1- You invite your uncle to come to your birthday party .
2. You agree with your friend to watch a football match on TV .
3. Your friend invites you to visit him on his farm, but you refuse the invitation . Say why
4. Your brother wants you to play a computer game with him , but you are busy You invite your sister to go to the cinema.
5. You refuse your friend’s invitation to her birthday party.
6- You accept your friend’s invitation to her wedding party.
-Read and correct the underlined words :
1) I asked him what old he was.
2) She asked me what me favourite sport was.
3) Gehad said Basma what radio programmes she liked.
4) Nourhan asked Rana where he is born.
5) Mayada asked Salma where her CD player is.
6) Weaam told Alaa how long she was staying in Cairo.
7) I asked my friend where was he going.
8) The tourist asked me how he can cross the river.
- Read the following passage , then answer the questions :
Science has told us so much about the moon that it is easy to know a lot of things about it_. The moon is not a friendly place . As there is no air or water , there can be no life of any kind . For mile after mile there are many big mountains. Above , the sun and stars shine in a black sky . If you move away from the mountain shadows , it will mean moving from very low temperatures into great heat. These temperatures break rocks away from the surface of the mountains . The moon is also a very silent world because sounds can only travel through air . From this distance , the earth is shining more than the stars . It looks like a big ball , coloured blue , green and brown .
A ) Answer the following questions :
1 - Is there any life on the moon ?
2 - Why is the moon a silent world ?
3 - What does the earth look like from the moon ?
B) - Choose the correct answer from a , b , c or d .
There are many big ........................... on the moon .
a) mountains b) countries c) houses d) farms
5 - The underlined word "it" refers to ................
a) the sun b) the earth c) the star d) the moon
Above the moon , the sun and stars shine in a ................. sky .
a) blue b) black c) green d) brown
in addition to
يسير اثناء النوم
على متن سفينة/طائرة
take care of
تبدأ العبارات الموصولة بإحدى ضمائر الوصل
(who / whom / which / that / whose / where / when)
Who = thatتحل محل الفاعل العاقل ويأتي بعدها الفعل ((الذي- التي --- -للعاقل)w- That is the doctor. He cured your father.
That is the doctor who cured your father.
w- The girl is my daughter. She won the medal.
The girl who\ that won the medal is my daughter.
Who – whom – thatتحل محل المفعول العاقل ويأتي بعدها الفاعل)(الذي – التي)She married the man. She loved him.
She married the manwhom \ who \ that\she loved.
Which = that(الذي – التي)
وتحل محل الفاعل والمفعول غيرا لعاقل ويأتي بعدها الفاعل أو الفعل وتحل محل (it/they)
w- He works for a company. It manufactures computers.
He works for a companywhich \ that manufactures computers
The lesson is easy .I understoodit quickly. (which)
The lesson which I understood quickly is easy.
Whose) في الجمله الثانيه )my/his/her/your/our/their/اسم’s تحل محل(( (ذو/مالك)
w- The plan had to land. Its engine was out of order. مالك + whose+ مملوك
The plane whose engine was out of order had to land.
Did you see Sarah ? Her father is a tour guide . (whose)
Did you see Sarah whose father is a tour guide ?
Where=which…….in. حيث وتحل محل المكان ويأتي قبلها المكان مباشره
w- This is my school. I study init.
This is my school where I study.
This is my school whichI study in.
When حيث وتحل محل الزمان ويأتي قبلها مباشرة الزمان
w- They visit my on Friday. I am at home at that day.
They visit me on Friday when I am at home.
w- June is the month. We go on holiday in it.
June is the month when we go on holiday
That’s why ولهذا تستخدم بعد الأسماء التي تبين سبب حدوث الشيء
Amira couldn’t go to school because she was ill
= Amira was ill that’s why she couldn’t go to school.
الذي – التي ( العاقل)
الذي – التي ( المفعول العاقل)
الذي – التي ( للعاقل وغير العاقل)
الذي – التي ( غير العاقل (
الذي له ( للملكية)
حيث ( للمكان)
حيث ( للزمان)
ما (لغير العاقل)
Finish the sentences :
This is the man ----------- invited me to play tennis.
July is the month ------------ we take our exams.
This is the man ----------- car was stolen.
This is the house ------------ I was born.
I read the newspaper --------- was on the table.
Mr Smith is my neighbour ------------ I meet every morning.
The laboratory is the place ------------- we do experiments at school.