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edit]Multiple differences

The slashes normally used to enclose IPA phonemic transcriptions have been omitted from the following table to improve legibility.

Spelling BrE IPA AmE IPA Notes
barrage ˈbær.ɑːʒ (1) bəˈrɑʒ (2) ˈbær.ɪdʒ The AmE pronunciations are for distinct senses (1) "sustained weapon-fire" vs (2) "dam, barrier" (Compare garage below.)
boehmite (1) ˈbɜːmaɪt (2) ˈboʊmaɪt (1) ˈbeɪmaɪt (2) ˈboʊmaɪt The first pronunciations approximate German [ø] (spelled ⟨ö⟩ or ⟨oe⟩) ; the second ones are anglicized.
bouquet ˈbuːkeɪ (1) boʊˈkeɪ (2) buˈkeɪ  
boyar (1) ˈbɔɪ.ɑː (2) boʊˈjɑː (1) boʊˈjɑr (2) ˈbɔɪ.jər  
buoy ˈbɔɪ ˈbu.i The U.S. pronunciation would be unrecognised in the UK. The British pronunciation occurs in America, more commonly for the verb than the noun, still more in derivatives buoyant, buoyancy.
canton kænˈtuːn (1) kænˈtɑːn (2) kænˈtoʊn difference is only in military sense "to quarter soldiers"
dilettante dɪləˈtænti (1) ˈdɪlətɑːnt (2) ˌdɪləˈtɑːnt BrE reflects the word's Italian origin; AmE approximates more to French.
enquiry/inquiry ɪŋˈkwaɪ.(ə)ri (1) ˈɪŋ.kwə.ri (2) ɪŋˈkwaɪ.(ə)ri BrE uses two spellings and one pronunciation. In AmE the word is usually spelled inquiry.
febrile ˈfiːb.raɪl (1) ˈfɛb.ril (2) ˈfɛb.rəl The BrE pronunciation occurs in AmE
fracas ˈfrækɑː (1) ˈfreɪkəs (2) ˈfrækəs (3) frəˈkɑː The BrE plural is French fracas /ˈfrækɑːz/. For AmE examples (1) and (2), the plural is anglicized fracases
garage (1) ˈɡærɪdʒ (2) ˈɡærɑːʒ ɡəˈrɑ(d)ʒ The AmE reflects French stress difference. The two BrE pronunciations may represent distinct meanings for some speakers; for example, "a subterranean garage for a car" (1) vs "a petrol garage" (2). (Compare barrage above.)
glacier (1) ˈɡlæsiə (2) ˈɡleɪsiə ˈɡleɪʃər  
jalousie (1) ʒælʊˈziː (2) ˈʒælʊziː ˈdʒæləsi  
lapsang souchong ˈlæpsæŋ suːʃɒŋ ˌlɑːpsɑːŋ ˈsuːʃɑːŋ  
lasso ləˈsuː ˈlæsoʊ The BrE pronunciation is common in AmE
lieutenant (1) lɛfˈtɛnənt (2) ləˈtɛnənt luːˈtɛnənt The 2nd British pronunciation is restricted to the Royal Navy. Standard Canadian and Australian pronunciation is the same as the British.
lychee laɪˈtʃiː ˈliːtʃiː Spelling litchi has pronunciation /ˈlɪtʃiː/
Molière ˈmɒl.i.ɛə moʊlˈjɛr  
oblique əbˈliːk əbˈlaɪk AmE is as BrE except in military sense "advance at an angle"
penchant pãˈʃã ˈpɛntʃənt The AmE pronunciation is anglicized; the BrE is French.
penult pɛˈnʌlt (1) ˈpiːnʌlt (2) pɪˈnʌlt  
premier (1) ˈprɛmjə (2) ˈprɛmɪə (1) ˈpriːmɪər (2) prɪmˈɪər  
première ˈprɛmɪɛə (1) prɪˈmɪər (2) prɪmˈjɛr  
provost ˈprɒvəst (1) ˈproʊvoʊst (2) ˈproʊvəst The BrE pronunciation also occurs in AmE
quinine ˈkwɪniːn (1) ˈkwaɪnaɪn (2) ˈkwɪnaɪn  
resource (1) rɨˈzɔːs (2) rɨˈsɔːs ˈriːsɔːrs  
respite ˈrɛspaɪt (1) ˈrɛspət (2) rɨˈspaɪt  
reveille rɪˈvæliː ˈrɛvəli  
slough slaʊ slu sense "bog"; in metaphorical sense "gloom", the BrE pronunciation is common in AmE. Homograph "cast off skin" is /slʌf/ everywhere.
Tunisia tjuːˈnɪziə (1) tuˈniʒə (2) tuˈniʃə  
untoward ˌʌn.tʊˈwɔːd[1] (1) ʌnˈtɔrd (2) ˌʌn.təˈwɔrd  
vase vɑːz (1) veɪs (2) veɪz The BrE pronunciation also occurs in AmE
z (the letter) zɛd ziː The spelling of this letter as a word corresponds to the pronunciation: thus Commonwealth (including, usually, Canada) zed and U.S. (and, occasionally, Canada) zee.

Edit]References



Language portal
United Kingdom portal
United States portal

1. ^ "untoward" . Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Cambridge University Press.

§ Wells, John C. (2000). Longman Pronunciation Dictionary. 2nd ed. Longman. ISBN 0-582-36468-X.

§ http://www.bl.uk/learning/langlit/sounds/changing-voices/phonological-change/trap-bath-split/

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Date: 2015-12-24; view: 629


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