Stress is normal. Everyone feels stress related to work, family, decisions, your future, and more. Stress is both physical and mental. It is caused by major life events such as illness, the death of a loved one, a change in responsibilities or expectations at work, and job promotions, loss, or changes.
Work can be a stressful place, wherever you earn your living, whether in an office, a factory, or a school. Some stress is good. It motivates us and makes us stronger. Too much stress is bad. It makes us irrational and we are about, quite literally, to kill somebody.
So, stress at work is a massive problem. Any stress can reduce employee well-being and it is well recognised that excessive or sustained work pressure can lead to stress. Occupational stress poses a risk to most businesses and compensation payments for stress are increasing. It is important to meet the challenge by dealing with excessive and long-term causes of stress. Some management surveys show that stress is one of the most important reasons behind long term sickness absence from work and stress-related absence is increasing.
So what are the causes of job stress? The most common cause of stress is usually a combination of things rather than one cause. Some combinations can cause severe stress and depression. A very bad combination is where someone is under a lot of pressure, but they also feel that they have no control and they feel unsupported.
Many corporations spend millions of dollars trying to relieve stress by offering bonuses, perks and seminars, but few ever address the real problems facing the office space.
Now I'll give same examples, which are, from my point of view, the main causes of stress.
The Bad Boss
Ask 100 employees in various fields about their biggest cause of stress, and likely all of them will point to bosses who go crazy over simple mistakes, who scream and who don't know how to do their jobs.
Too Few People and Too Much Work
Ten people are needed to make something happen and there are only five people in the room. The doubling of workloads is one of the biggest causes of stress as people internalize their emotions to get gigantic jobs done.
In good or bad times, questions about a company's stability always seem to cause stress in the workplace. People are worried if they will have a job the next day instead of focusing on the job at hand.
Bad Office Space
Quite simply, if a place looks like a dump on the inside (beaten up furniture, malfunctioning printers, outdated phones), then the staff is not going to be happy. That unhappiness ramps up the stress.
Technical problems and not knowing how to fix them can cause numerous office headaches as people get angry over issues out of their control.
2) Itís not work that kills people, itís worry.
3) Stress related illnesses. How to fight stress?
Scientists don't understand the exact mechanism, but they do know that stress prevents the immune system from functioning properly. This decreased functioning may lead to stress-induced diseases or at least diseases that are exacerbated by stress. The immune system may also falsely believe that it is fighting off diseases that are not real due to the constant high levels of the stress hormones. Either way, stress may cause short-term or long-term damage to the immune system and result in sickness. Stress can cause such a disease as heart one.
Experts don't totally understand how stress causes heart disease. What they do agree on, however, is that stress and heart disease are somehow linked. Chronic stress may affect the heart by keeping heart rate elevated at high levels over a long period of time. Blood pressure tends to increase during stressful episodes and may result in heart disease after a prolonged period of time. For those who have a family history of heart disease or have been told that they have heart disease, it is important to find ways to reduce stress to avoid further complications.
As far as mental health diseases are concerned depression and anorexia are both viewed as treatable diseases that are linked to stress and the body's ability to manage it successfully. Increased anxiety over time can cause depression to worsen. Anorexia is also viewed as a disease that is strongly linked to stress. Girls with anorexia tend to manage stress by controlling their eating habits in destructive ways. Controlling stress in healthy ways can alleviate both diseases in conjunction with medication and therapy.
You should understand what stresses you. Both positive and negative situations can tip the scales in your life. On the negative side, financial difficulties, divorce, criticism by a friend or boss, unrealistic work demands or death of a friend or family member can cause stress. On the positive side, getting married, being promoted, having a baby, moving to a new homeóeven going on vacationóalso can be stressful.
In order to fight stress we should also notice when we're most vulnerable to it and prepare ourselves. Look at how you react to stress. Common effects include sleep problems, skin rashes, irritability, headache, depression, excessive worrying, mood swings, chest pain, anxiety, upset stomach and high blood pressure.
We ought to recognize our stress signals.
4) Stress in your life. (Which situations are the most stressful?)
Stress is a fact of life. How we handle that stress is a key factor in our ability to Be Happy!
We all experience stress in our lives. Sometimes we feel more stressed than at other times. Stress is anything that the person sees as stressful. It is like pain, if an individual states they have pain, then they have pain. If an individual perceives a situation as stressful, then it is stressful. Stress is self-defined.
Stress is associated with difficult events or situations. Events such as loss of a driverís license, death of a loved one, and being hospitalized are indeed stressful events or stressors. In these instances stress is associated with negative situations. But remember: stress can be elicited from happy occasions as well. Going on vacation, moving to a retirement community, or visits from family can also produce stress.
Here are some of common lifeís most stressful events, according to different surveys:
death of a spouse
spending time in prison
death of a close family member
personal illness or injury
5) How can people cope with stress successfully? What do they do to relax?
It may seem that thereís nothing you can do about your stress level. The bills arenít going to stop coming, there will never be more hours in the day for all your goals, and your career or family responsibilities will always be demanding. But you have a lot more control than you might think. In fact, the simple realization that youíre in control of your life is the foundation of stress management.We all have an image of what our ideal world should be like. Whenever our actual world does not reflect our desires, we sense a shortcoming, a something missing. One way of experiencing this shortcoming, this missing "thing" is stress.
Our ideal or desired world represents a potentiality. Our existing world, our reality reflects an actuality. The difference between the two represents is naturally a potential stress.
So how do we overcome this stress? There are two conventional ways, both of which are based on reducing the gap between our potential and actual worlds.
1. Reduce our expectations and desires, so that our potential world approaches and more realistically resembles our actual world.
2. Increase our activities and focus, so that our actual world approaches and more closely reflects our potential world.
Managing stress is all about taking charge: taking charge of your thoughts, your emotions, your schedule, your environment, and the way you deal with problems. The ultimate goal is a balanced life, with time for work, relationships, relaxation, and fun. There are some common rules for everyone to cope with stress successfully: to lose weight, to sleep, enjoying life's little luxuries like massage, hydrotherapy, aromatherapy and music which can help to ease some of the symptoms of stress. We should think positive, eat right, avoid negative relationship, organize our life, take up a sport and take vitamins.
6) Do you think men and women deal with stress differently?
Sure. Men and women deal with stress differently. For example, it's been a bad day. A really bad day. So, what do you do? Talk it all out with a good friend or bottle it up inside? The answer has a lot to do with your gender. It turns out that in general women cope with stress differently than men. When women are stressed, they seek emotional support from family and friends. Researchers have coined a name for this behavior pattern: "tend and befriend." So, women cope with stress by talking about it. Men, on the contrary, always try to keep everythin inside themselves.
Stress in our students life.
Student's life is exciting. But it can also be very pressured and stressful. A lot has to be achieved in the limited time available. If you go to university straight from school, you are facing the challenge of leaving home, separating from your parents and beginning the process of finding your identity, as an adult, and your place in the world. This is a big psychological upheaval. It also involves many challenges at a practical level. You will need to practise housekeeping, manage a budget and find your way around a strange place. This all demands energy, just as you are beginning to take on the work requirements of your course and build a new social life. Being a student can be very stressful for many different reasons. One of the pressures is the many deadlines and assessments, particularly if you find it difficult to study, or if you have to fit studying into a busy life which might include working and/or looking after a family. The first among the causes of stress on students is academic pressure. Simply tackling more difficult assignments can demand stress. And of course not less stressful thing is an exam itself.
So at last what should we do in order to cope with this kind of stress. First, making sure you get the right information about your assignments, coursework, reading lists, deadlines
We should plan and prioritise and remember that our life should have a balance, and you ought to plan in times for fun and relaxation - we will work more effectively if we do this.
And, the last, but not the least, we should look after ourselves - eat properly, plan your working times, sleep properly, and get enough exercise. It will all help us to study more effectively