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The powers of the monarchy was strengthened thanks

to the unbroken line of succession and weakened the

Influence of the aristocrats.

ž Strengthening the bureaucracy (Confucianism).

ž Reorganized through provinces (9 provinces).

ž Silla restructured and strengthened the military.

ž Economic life centered on the aristocracy

(landowners). Top of the disappearance of a traditional

Spirit of the people of Silla (decline).

ž Silla prospered for 100 years, but plunged into a

Confusing situation in the second half of the eighth

century. Emergence of struggles between thearistocracy and the crown. In 150 years, there were 20 kings.

ž Meanwhile increased rebellions in the provinces by the

year 882. Gradually weakening the central power.

...Similar to Japan gradually became strongerprovincial aristocracy (Chingola class), especially in the maritime areas (846) monopolizing trade with Tang and Japan.

ž On a cultural level, was impressive development of Buddhism and Confucianism. It was introducedin the VIII centruyusing the technique of woodblock printing. Subsequently, it spread the technology in fields such as astronomy, medicine and military science.

ž The introduction of geomancy (divination theory of China known as Feng Shui), weakening the government's authority chair and helping to increase the growing power of the clans. Therefore, also spread the ideology of Taoism and Lao Zi and

Zhuang Zi.

.... The general of Koguryo, Tae Cho pong, led his people and the

Mohe tribe to found Parhae in 698: territory of Koguryo, Manchuria, Maritime Province of Siberia and the northern Korean peninsula.

ž This new kingdom is faced with the monarchy of Silla and Tang Dynasty, but maintained friendly relations with Japan and Tujue in its first stage. But in the eighth century, maintained peaceful relations with Tang.

ž Administrative organization was based on that of Tang (three

counselors and six divisions). But as in Japan, the aristocracy who controlled the most important positions.

ž Reached its peak in the early ninth century. On the death of theking Son, the struggles in the court grew among the people of Koguryo, the nobles and the Mohe tribe.

ž At the same time the people of the Qidans, west of Parhae,

increased its power. Finally, Parhae was destroyed by Qidans

invasions in 926. Since then Manchuria was removed from the

history of Korea.

.... Parhae and Silla sent many students on scholarships

(up to 10 years) to Tang. Many of them passed the

exams and became Tang officials. Korean monks of

these times went to Inida and western Asia. Korean

generals helped the Tang army raids in West Asia.

ž Seaborne trade increased.

Tang exported seat fabrics of silk and ramie,

ginseng, gold and silver jewelry, etc.

Imported: silk, books and medicines. Chang Po-go

(in Chinese) was the greatest admiral of Silla.

ž Silla had a great exchange with Japan. In the eighth

century were sent more than 11 diplomatic missions

to Japan, accompanied by students and monks. These

scholars who returned to Japan played an important

role in shaping the legal system of Japan.

Date: 2015-12-18; view: 614

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