Read the text below and choose the correct word for each space A, B, C or D.
You may think that everybody knows how to make friends, but for some people it isn’t so easy.
(1) ..... they want to be friends with others, they always seem to be alone. Sadly, some of them get depressed (2) ..... this.
We wanted to find out how these people can make friends, (3) ...... we asked a group of 14-year-olds what sort of people they prefer. The most important thing, they said, is that they can get (4) ..... with them. They like to be friends with kind and generous people, who rarely get angry (5) ..... others. They also like people who laugh at their jokes, and can tell (6) ..... stories, too. They (7) ..... be interested in what the group does, and perhaps even think of (8) ..... new things to do.
You are at the English courses now. Your English teacher has asked you to write an essay (150 words) about the advantages and disadvantages of the zoos in your country. Support one of the statements:
•Zoos are unnecessary. They should be closed.
•Zoos are necessary. They help animals to survive.
EXAMINATION CARD ¹ 11
V. I. READING
Read the text given below. For questions (1–4), choose the answer (A, B, C or D) which you think fits best according to the text.
Millions of people turn into the weather forecast each evening on television. Most of them imagine that the presenter does little more than arrive at the studio a few minutes before the broadcast, read the weather, and then go home.
In fact, this image is far from the truth. The two-minute bulletin which we all rely on when we need to know tomorrow’s weather is the result of a hard day’s work by the presenter, who is actually a highly-qualified meteorologist.
Every morning after arriving at the TV studios, the first task of the day is to collect the latest data from the National Meteorological Office. This office provides up-to-the-minute information about weather conditions throughout the day, both in Britain and around the world. The information is very detailed and includes predictions, satellite and radar pictures, as well as more technical data. After gathering all the relevant material from this office, the forecaster has to translate the scientific terminology and maps into images and words which viewers can easily understand.
The final broadcast is then carefully planned. It is prepared in the same way as other programmes. The presenter decides what to say and in what order to say it. Next a “story board” is drawn up which lays out the script word for word. What makes a weather forecast more complicated than other programmes are the maps and electronic images which are required. The computer has to be programmed so that the pictures appear in the correct order during the bulletin.
The time allocated for each broadcast can also alter. This is because the weather report is screened after the news, which can vary in length. The weather forecaster doesn’t always know how much time is available, which means that he/she has to be thoroughly prepared so that the material can be adapted to the time available.
Another related complication is that the weather forecast has to be a live broadcast; it cannot be pre-recorded. Live shows are very nerve-racking for the presenter because almost anything can go wrong. Perhaps the most worrying aspect for every weather forecaster is getting the following day’s predictions wrong. Unfortunately for them this is not an unusual occurrence; the weather is not always possible to predict accurately.
The job of a weather forecaster is certainly far more complicated than just pointing at a map and describing weather conditions. It’s a job for professionals who can cope with stressful and demanding conditions.
1. What perception do most people have of weather forecasters? A They have many qualifications.
B They do a hard day’s work at the studio. C They work very short hours.
D They always tell the truth.
2. Creating a weather report is complex because ..... A maps have to be drawn.
B a lot of data has to be interpreted.
C radar pictures are technical.
D the information includes unreliable predictions.
3. The computer has to be carefully programmed ..... A so that the visuals are sequenced correctly.
B so that the script is visible to the presenter.
C because the script has to be written on a story board. D because electronic maps are used.