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Concept of algorithm.

I. Match up:

1)holiday 2)answering 3)theme 4)natural 5)sporting 6)government 7)overnight 8)economic a)service b)surroundings c)accommodation d)equipment e)camp f)data g)official h)park

II. Cross out one odd term in each line:

1)expenses, secretarial services, communications, goods, facilities, surroundings, negotiations;

2)expensive, international, cultural, cookery, ecological, educational;

3)trainings motoring, gambling, mountaineering, cycling, cruising, hiking;

4)to depend on, to devise, to report to, to sort out, to spread out, to deal with, to slow down;

5)itinerary, tour, destination, quota, route, tour package.

III. Group the following terms according to the titles in the table (3 terms in each group):

Diving, out-going, sight, third-age, travel expenses, boating, theme park, negotiations, survival, reward, mission, amusement park, rafting, secretarial service, bonus.



IV. Match the terms with the definitions:

1)convention tourism a)a type of tourism which involves visits of tour operators and travel agents to travel destinations so that they get to know their facilities well
2)incentive tourism b)a type of tourism which involves tours and visits for disabled people
3)sports tourism c)a type of tourism which involves journeys for people who share the same hobby
4)leisure tourism d)a type of tourism which involves holidays awarded to staff members as a bonus and to encourage them to work better
5)familiarization tourism e)a type of tourism which involves holidays for relaxation and entertainment purposes
6)third-age tourism f)a type of tourism which involves taking part in meetings, conferences and seminars
7)fourth-age tourism g)a type of tourism which involves tours and visits for elderly and retired people
8)special-interest tourism h)a type of tourism which involves tours with a lot of physical training, exercising and keeping fit


V. Pick out the right definition:

1)gambling a)hunting b)ferry-boating c)bungee-jumping d)gaming
2)special-interest tourism a)travel with special purposes b)travel for experts and specialists c)travel with specific business missions d)travel for the tourist industry employees
3)hitch-hiking a)cross-country running or skiing b)white-water rafting c)travelling by asking drivers for lifts d)motoring with no driving licence
4)survival tourism a)camping or caravanning b)holiday-making with no modem conveniences c)starving, slimming and keeping fit d)travelling to isolated places with extreme natural conditions
5)to attend a)to be present b)to enter c)to come and stay d)to pay a visit
6)FAM tourism a)travel of regular customers to familiar destinations b)incentive travel with families and children c)cultural travel for sightseeing purposes d)travel of tourist staff for getting to know new destinations better
7)data a)number b)date c)information d)statistics
8)a convention a)a party b)a formal meeting c)a resolution d)an announcement
9)itinerary a)a list of places to be visited during a tour b)a programme of stay c)a route from one place to another d)an inclusive tour
10)fourth-age tourism a)tourism for elderly people b)tourism for disabled people c)tourism for retired people d)social tourism


VI. Fill in the blanks:

equipment travel expenses answering service recreation the itinerary mission a target convention mountaineering surroundings a bonus data staff training a FAM tour

1._____ tourism is one part of business tourism.

2.FAM tourism means that a company sends its _____ on educational tours to other companies.

3.Sporting tourists enjoy exercise and natural _____ .

4.Tourist companies provide special services for businessmen. Among them are _____ and business meeting arrangements.

5.Within sports tourism there is water tourism, mountain tourism and _____ .

6.During _____ travel clerks get familiar with local facilities.

  1. The purpose of pleasure tourism is _____ .
  2. Sports tour instructors will always train tourists how to use sporting _____ .

9.Tourist companies will provide business tourists with economic _____ on monitors.

10.Sporting tours require preparation and special _____ .

11.The incentive tour is a reward or _____ to a successful employee.

12.Business tourists travel on different _____ .

13.An employer often sets _____ for an employee to exceed his quota.

14.A sporting tour instructor will carefully plan _____ .

15.The employer covers the employee's _____ during an incentive tour.

Concept of algorithm.

Types of algorithms. Examples. Algorithm diagram.

The algorithm is a system of the formal rules which accurately and single-digit contour sequence of actions of enumerative process from initial data to required result. There are three basic structures of algorithm:

- The linear algorithms

The algorithm in which all stages of the solution of the task are executed strictly sequentially is called the linear. I.e. the linear algorithm is executed in a natural order of its writing and doesn't contain ramifyings and repetitions.

- Algorithms of branching structure

Algorithm of branching structure we will call such algorithm which one of several possible ways (options) of calculating process is selected. Sign of branching algorithm is existence of operations of the conditional branch when there is a check of truth of some logical expression (a checked condition) and depending on truth or falsehood of a checked condition for execution this or that branch of algorithm is selected

- Cyclic algorithm.

Implements repetition of some actions. Differently Cyclic algorithms include cycles. The sequence of the actions executed repeatedly, each time is called as a cycle in case of new parameter values.

The algorithm diagram the flowchart) - the graphics image of its structure in which each process step of data handling is presented in the form of different geometrical figures (units).

unit of the beginning/the end, unit of input-output, unit of action, unit of logical action, unit of a cycle

Date: 2015-01-02; view: 1434

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