A: Yes. Depending on the circumstances, a single event may be tried in both courts. This is not considered double jeopardy.
A: In most states, juries are instructed that merely being present at the scene of a crime, even with guilty knowledge that a crime is being committed, isn't enough to convict a person of a crime. But there are principles of criminal liability that apply to people other than the actual perpetrator of a crime. For example, under federal law there is a crime called "misprision" of a felony, which applies to a person who has actual knowledge of the commission of a felony and doesn't report it to the authorities.
A: While the precise definition can vary from state to state, a person commits the crime of "criminal trespass" when she enters or remains on another's property without the owner's consent. You may have a defense against criminal trespass if the property was open to the public, or your conduct didn't substantially interfere with the owner's use of the property, or you immediately left the premises when requested.
A: Fleeing or eluding police occurs when a police officer gives you a visual or audible signal to stop, whether by hand, voice, emergency light or siren, and you don't obey.
It's unlawful for a person who's either driving or in a vehicle, or not to disobey an officer's order to stop, by fleeing on foot or by any other means.
Exercise 2. The criminal justice process typically begins when a police officer places a person under arrest. Discuss the following questions concerning the arrest:
1. When is a person considered to be arrested?
2. Is the use of physical restraint or handcuffs always necessary? Give the examples.
3. In which of the following circumstances can a police officer arrest a person?
− The police officer personally observes a crime.
− The police officer has a reasonable belief, based on facts and circumstances, that a person has committed or is about to commit a crime.
− The police officer suspects but is not sure that a person has committed or is about to commit a crime.
− A police officer receives a report of an armed robbery that has just occurred at a liquor store, then sees a man who matches the suspect's exact description running down the street near the store.
− An arrest warrant has been issued.
− The police officer has a reasonable belief, based on facts and circumstances, that a person has committed or is about to commit a crime, but he hasn't obtained a valid warrant to arrest this person.
TYPES OF TOURISM
DIALOGUE: SORTING OUT DIFFERENT TYPES OF TOURISM
1. I was wondering if we could continue talking about travel.
continue "discussing tourism matters
continue discussing types of tourism
go on talking about career education
go on discussing business matters
carry on speaking about the hospitality industry
carry on speaking about the accommodation industry
2. Will you share your knowledge with me?
3. I'm curious to know how many types of tourism there are.
how many tourist arrivals there are
how many new resorts there are
how travellers choose a tour package
what travel agents offer discounts for
where travel agencies advertise themselves
what some purposes of travel are
4. The more purposes travellers may have, the more types of tourism there are and will be.
ideas about travel
views about travel
5. Will you sort out some of the purposes of travel then?
inform me of
advise me on
put me in the picture about
6. Curiously enough, I personally know just holiday tourism.
7. As a matter of fact, there are a great deal of special-interest holidays.
8. “Special interest” sounds very intriguing to me!
9. Your example is quite to the point!
10. It must be fantastic!
11. And what does bird-watching involve?
12. Just imagine travelling to the Seychelles!
the North Pole
an uninhabited island
13. Such tours must be very expensive!
14. Who told you that a hobby is a cheap thing?
15. The more you are telling me about tourism, the more ignorant I am feeling.
social-interest tourism amazed
adventure tourism excited
third-age tourism interested
16. If you do some thinking, you will guess what these types of tourism are about.
get the idea
17. I can hardly imagine what the fourth-age tourism is.