Exercise 1. Fill in the gaps in the following text with proper names.
The archipelago off the West coast of Northern Europe, comprising more than 5,500 islands is called ________. _________ is the largest island of this archipelago, the second largest is called _________. the country which occupies the largest part of these islands is called the UK, which stands for ___________ . Thus the UK consists of four distinct political divisions - ________, ________ , ________ and _______. Unofficially the country is also known as __________.
Exercise 2. Answer the following questions about the state symbols of the UK:
1. What is the flag of the UK usually called?
2. What does the flag consist of?
3. Why is the flag of Wales not represented in the state flag?
4. What is depicted on the shield of the coat of arms?
5. Who are the supporters of the shield? What do they symbolise?
6. What are the mottoes inscribed on the coat of arms? What is their history?
7. How is the Scottish variant of the coat of arms different from the main one?
8. What is the anthem of the UK called?
Exercise 3. Match the parts of the country with their capitals:
4. Northern Ireland
Exercise 4. Which parts of the UK do these plants symbolise?
Exercise 5. Match the part of the country with its patron saint and its national day:
Exercise 6. Show on the map:
1.The Atlantic Ocean; the North Sea; the Irish Sea; the English Channel; the Straights of Dover; St George's Channel; the North Channel;
2.Rivers in England;
3.Rivers in Scotland;
4.Rivers in Wales;
5.Rivers in Northern Ireland.
Exercise 7. Fill in the table:
The longest river
The largest lake
The highest mountain
Exercise 8. Show on the map:
1. The mountain ranges in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland;
2. The biggest cities in all the four parts of the country;
3. The islands belonging to the UK.
Exercise. 9. Fill in the missing information about climate in the UK:
The current climate of the United Kingdom is classified as ______. One of the principle factors which influence the climate is the warming of the waters around the British Isles by the ______.The average annual amount of sunshine for the United Kingdom is relatively low and around 50% of days are ______.
Average annual rainfall exceeds 3 000 mm. The mountains of Wales, Scotland, the Pennines and the Lake District are particularly _____, with rainfall reaching 3 000 mm a year. In contrast, the south, south east, east and the southern midlands receive less than 600 mm of _____ per year. The wettest seasons are ______ and _______.
Generally the UK has mild to cool _____ and warm to hot _____ with moderate variation in temperature throughout the year. In England the average annual temperature is about 10 °C, but over the higher ground this can be several degrees lower. _______ and _______ are often the coldest months, with mean winter temperature of 0°C and the recorded minimum _______ °C. ______ tends to be the warmest month and the highest temperature recorded was ______ °C. However, the average for this month is 15-20 °C.
Exercise 10. Answer the following questions:
1. What mineral resources does the UK have?
2. What is the population of the UK?
3. What are the major national groups leaving in the country?
4. What languages are spoken in the UK? Is there a state language?
5. What is the population of London?
Exercise 11. Characterize the branches of the country’s economy:
5. creative industries
Exercise 12. What do you know about these places in London?
Buckingham palace; Hyde Park; Houses of Parliament; Trafalgar Square; Tower of London; the City; Oxford Street; Fleet Street; the West End; the East End; Kensington Gardens; Piccadilly Circus; the British Museum; St Paul's Cathedral; the Globe Theatre; Wimbledon; Tower Bridge.
What other places of interest in London do you know?
Exercise 13. Revision. What do the following words, phrases and figures refer to?
The Square Mile
Sir Christopher Wren
1 344 m
the Isle of Man
about 59 million
Dieu et mot droit
William the Conqueror
1. Focus on Britain. – London: Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1993. – 40 p.
2. Sheerin S. Spotlight on Britain [2-d edition] / S. Sheerin, J. Seath, G. White. – Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990. – 140 p.
3. Vaughan-Rees M. In Britain /M. Vaughan-Rees, P. Byström, S. Bateman. – Ì.: Òèòóë, 1997. – 122 ð.
* It is important to remember that Southern Ireland – that is the Republic of Ireland (also called Eire) – is completely independent.
** The Isle of Wight, the Orkneys, Hebrides and Shetlands are part of the United Kingdom, although the Isle of Man is not.
*** The flag is normally called the Union Jack because it represents a union of countries – England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
* Wales was united with England in 1536.
* The Wars of the Roses were a series of civil wars fought in medieval England from 1455 to 1485 between the House of Lancaster and the House of York. The name Wars of the Roses is based on the badges used by the two sides, the red rose for the Lancastrians and the white rose for the Yorkists.
** The battle of Crecy (1346) was fought during the Hundred Years War between the English and the French. The English won a decisive victory in this battle thanks to the value of Welsh longbows used.
* For centuries people from overseas have settled in Britain, either to escape political or religious persecution or in search of better economic opportunities. Jewish refugees who came to Britain towards the end of the 19th century and in the 1930s were followed by other European refuges after 1945. Substantial immigration from the former colonies in the Caribbean and South Asian sub-continent dated principally from the 1950s and 1960s. There are also sizable groups from the United States and Canada, as well as Australians, Chinese, Greek and Turkish Cypriots, Italians and Spaniards.