Home Random Page


CATEGORIES:

BiologyChemistryConstructionCultureEcologyEconomyElectronicsFinanceGeographyHistoryInformaticsLawMathematicsMechanicsMedicineOtherPedagogyPhilosophyPhysicsPolicyPsychologySociologySportTourism






BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS

1.What are three different ways that a business can be privately owned?

There are essentially three basic ways to set up a privately owned enterprise: a sole proprietorship, a partnership, and a corporation.

2.What is a sole proprietorship?

A sole proprietorship is an unincorporated business that is owned and operated byone person called a sole proprietor or sole trader.It'sthemostcommonly used form for new small businesses.

3.What are the advantages of this form of business organization?

A sole proprietorship is the least costly and easiest form of business organization to launch and operate.

A sole proprietorship is a business in which the owner is fully and personally responsible for all the obligations of the enterprise.

A sole proprietor is entitled to all the company’s profits and takes complete managerial control.

A sole proprietor is free to make any business decision – what kind of business activities to choose, who to hire or fire, when to take a vacation, when to liquidate his or her business and so on.

There is preferential tax treatment. It means that any profit earned from the business is considered a sole proprietor’s income. The owner pays only personal income taxes on the business’s profits, which are reported as personal income on the proprietor’s individual income tax return.

4.What are the disadvantages of a sole proprietorship?

Unlimited liability being the major disadvantage of a sole proprietorship means that a sole proprietor assumes the burden of any losses or liabilities the enterprise faces. A business owner is personally responsible for the company’s debts. It means that personal assets such as money from his bank account and the proceeds from the sale of his house can be taken to pay liabilities of the business.

Limited resources refer to the owner’s personal financial resources and his or her ability to borrow.

A sole proprietorship ends with a sole proprietor’s death.

5.What does unlimited liability mean?

unlimited liability means that if the partnership is unable to meet its financial obligations, partners have to use their personal assets to pay off all the business’s debts.

6.Whatis a partnership?

A partnership is an association of two or more persons, who act as co-owners of an unincorporated business and operate it for profit.

7.What are the advantages of a partnership?

A partnership is relatively easy and inexpensive to establish.

There are more possibilities in raising funds because the borrowing power of two or more partners is greater.

Each partner can benefit a partnership by his/her knowledge, skills or ideas and specializes in certain activities of the business.

Like a sole proprietorship partnerships are subject to special taxtreatment. Any profit of a partnership passes on to its owners, who report their portion of earnings on their personal income tax returns.

8.What are the disadvantages of a partnership?



A partnership has unlimited liability and if it is unable to meet its financial obligations, partners have to use their personal assets to pay off all the business’s debts.

Profit sharing can excite controversy when one or more partners aren’t putting great efforts into the management of the business.

Disagreements between the partners may cause management conflicts. Partners’ different ideas on how to run the company can lead to disagreements that are likely to harm its business activity.

The partnership is terminated because of the withdrawal or death of a partner. If the business is to continue, a new partnership agreement must be drawn up.

9.What is a corporation?

acorporation is a business that is authorized by law as a separate legal entity with its own powers, responsibilities, and obligations.

10.Who owns a corporation?

Ownership of a corporation is represented by shares of stock also called stock or shares. The corporate owners are known as shareholders or stockholders.

11.What are the major advantages of a corporation?

Limited liability is one of the major advantages of a corporation. Shareholders are not liable for the debts of a company they own shares in. If a business fails shareholders can lose no more than he or she has paid for the shares of stock but their personal assets – car, home, and personal bank accounts – are safe from the creditors of the business.

Being a separate legal entity, the corporation actually owns and operates the business for the benefit of the shareholders, but under their total control.

Shares of ownership are transferable. Stockholders can enter or leave a corporation at will simply by buying or selling shares of stock.

Corporation has unlimited life. The corporation’s power of succession enables it to have a continuous existence. Unlike a sole proprietorship, the death of the corporate stockholders will not terminate the corporation, since their shares are passed on to their heirs.

It is much easier for a corporation to increase capital to manage and expand its operations. To raise additional funds corporation attracts new stockholders by selling its new issues of shares to the public.

12.Whatislimitedliability?

Limited liability is one of the major advantages of a corporation. Shareholders are not liable for the debts of a company they own shares in. If a business fails shareholders can lose no more than he or she has paid for the shares of stock but their personal assets – car, home, and personal bank accounts – are safe from the creditors of the business.

13.What are the major disadvantages of a corporation?

A corporation is difficult and expensive to create and organize. This process requires higher start-up capital and the services of a lawyer to obtain a government charter.

Corporation is subject to double taxation. As a legal entity it pays a corporateincometax. Then, if the corporation distributes some of its net income to the stockholders as dividends, they are taxed again on the stockholders’ individual income tax returns.

14.What does the process of creating a corporation require?

This process requires higher start-up capital and the services of a lawyer to obtain a government charter.

15.Whataredividends?

Dividends: payments made from the earnings of a corporation to its stockholders.

 



Date: 2015-12-17; view: 1608


<== previous page | next page ==>
MARKETS AND MARKET STRUCTURES | THE ECONOMY OF THE USA
doclecture.net - lectures - 2014-2021 year. Copyright infringement or personal data (0.002 sec.)