Turn the following sentences into Reported Speech.
1. "A lot of English words are borrowed from other languages," the teacher said to us.
The teacher told us that a lot of English words are borrowed from other languages.
2. "China is a densely populated country," she said.
3. "It's time they moved to a new house," Ann said.
4. "Water freezes below 0°C," he said.
5. "I was reading the children a story last night when the lights went out," she said.
6. "I'll help you to repair your car tomorrow," he said to me. (out-of-date reporting)
7. "I didn't understand the meaning of the film," he said.
8. "You can come to me if you have any problems," she said to him. (out-of-date reporting)
9. "I saw the film you recommended last night," he said to her. .
10. "I'm going to Spain next week," he said. (out-of-date reporting) ..
11. "She doesn't understand," he said. (up-to-date reporting) .
12. "I would invite more people if I had a bigger flat," he said. .
13. "I will not repeat this again," he said to us. (out-of-date reporting) .
14. "I've applied for several jobs this week," he said. (out-of-date reporting)
15. "I'm afraid I can't come," he said to me. (up-to-date reporting) ...
16. "If I finish it this evening; we'll go out", he said to her. (out-of-date reporting) ..
17. "I saw him yesterday but he didn't recognise me," she said.
Reported Questions / Indirect Questions
· In reported questions we use the affirmative word order and the question mark becomes a full stop. To report a question we use: a) ask + wh- word (who, where etc) when the direct question begins with a wh- word, b) ask + if/whether when the direct question begins with an auxiliary verb (do, have, can etc). Pronouns, possessive adjectives, tenses, time expressions etc change as in statements.
He said, "What are you doing?" He asked what I was doing. He said, "Did you enjoy the party?" He asked if/whetherI enjoyed/had enjoyed the party.
· We use Indirect questions to ask for information/advice and Reported questions to report someone else's questions, suggestions, offers or requests. Indirect questions are introduced with: Could you tell me...?, Do you know...?, I wonder..., I want to know..., I doubt..., etc and their verb is in the affirmative. If the Indirect question starts with I wonder ..., I want to know ... or I doubt..., then the question mark is omitted. Question words (what, who, where etc) or whether can be followed by an infinitive in the reported sentence.
He asked me, "Shall I phone her?"
He asked me, "What time is it?"
He asked me, "Where can I put it?"
He asked me whether he should phone her.
He asked me what time it was.
He asked me where he could put it. or He asked me where to put it.
I wonder whether to phone her. / whether I should phone her.
Do you know what time it is?
Do you know where he can put it? or Do you know where to put it?
5. Flora went for an interview last weekend. First read, then report Mr Roberts' questions.
1 Mr Roberts asked Fiona why she wanted to work for Portman Plastics.