A.F Êîïó is a famous Russian lawver. He was born on the 10th ot February. 1844 in St. Petersburg. His father was an outstanding dramatic critic, and his mother was an actress and a writer.
In 1865 A.F. Kony graduated from the Law baculty of the Moscow University. He occupied different posts at the Russian court. He worked as a barrister, an advocate and a judge. Kony was an outstanding judicial orator. He made brilliant speeches at the trials. In 1878 under his chairmanship the Petersburg Court heard the case of Vera Zasulich and pronounced her the verdict of non-guilty.
A.F Kony was an outstanding public figure, a member of the State Council He was also a great admirer of Russian literature. He studied the history of the criminal proceedings in Russia and in Europe and published some works on these problems. Kony's heritage is his essays and memoirs "On Life \
Besides, A.F. Kony took an active part in the cultural and educational work. In 1990 he became an honorary academician of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences. He was also a professor of the Petersburg University and delivered lectures on law.
A.F. Kony died in September, 1927.
ÒÅÊÑÒ 2 Oxford
The city of Oxford is like London. It is very old, it is international. Oxford is international because people from many parts of the world come to study at its university. They come to study at one of the twenty-seven men's colleges or at one of the five women's colleges that are the university: they join university "family" that has more than 9,000 members (among them only three hundred women, who study at the women's colleges). Every year more than one thousand students enter the Oxford university, including the Russian students, too. The entrance exams are difficult. It is necessary to work hard to become a student of the Oxford university.
The academic year in England has three terms which usually last from the beginning of October to the middle of December, from the middle of January to the end of March and from the middle of April to the end of June. Examinations take place at the end of each term.
On week-days the students of Oxford have classes, lectures and seminars. At two they have a dinner break which lasts till four. Then they resume their studies. Almost all students go in for some kind of sport. The life of the students at Oxford is interesting.
ÒÅÊÑÒ 3 The Fourth of July - US Independence Day
The Fourth of July is the biggest national holiday of the US. The American people celebrate it as the birthday of their country. On July 4. 1976, the USA celebrated its two-hundredth anniversary.
More than two hundred years ago, on July 4, 1776 when the American colonies fought against England, the Continental Congress adopted a resolution. It became the Declaration of Independence. This Declaration was an important document which had a decisive influence on the development of the American Revolution. It was a great achievement of the popular movement and it influenced bourgeois revolutions in Europe and everywhere. Thomas Jefferson (1743 - 1826), the leader of the democratic wing of the American bourgeoisie, wrote that resolution. Thomas Jefferson was a bearer of advanced views that did not lose their significance for the social struggle in modern America.
The American people are happy people but they still face many unsoluble problems such as unemployment, economic squeeze, the growth of crime and violence. Every year people throughout the world congratulate the people of the USA on their national holiday.