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Exercise 16.1: Embedded Questions

Complete the following sentences making embedded questions from the questions given before each one.

 

1. 'What happened to Mr. Budd?' said one of the men.

2. 'Which of his sons inherited his estate?' asked another.

3. 'Who is going to live in the big house?' enquired a third.

4. 'What will happen to his racehorses?' asked someone else.

5. 'Which team has won?' asked Ann.

6. 'Which team won the previous match?' said Bill.

7. 'Who is playing next week?' he asked.

8. 'Who will be umpiring that match?' asked Tom.

9. 'Who wants a lift home?' said Ann.

10. 'Who has just dropped a £10 note?' I asked.

11. 'Where is the ticket office?' asked Mrs. Jones.

12. 'What shall I do with my heavy luggage?' she said. {Use should.

13. 'What platform does the train leave from?' asked Bill.

14. 'When does it arrive in York?' he asked.

15. 'When was the timetable changed?' I asked.

16. 'Why has the 2.30 train been cancelled?' said Ann.

17. 'How much does a day return to Bath cost?' Mrs. Jones asked.

18. 'Why does the price go up so often?' she wondered.

19. 'How can I get from the station to the airport?' said Bill.

20. 'When are you coming back?' I asked them.

21. 'Is a return ticket cheaper than two singles?' said my aunt.

22. 'Do puppies travel free?' asked a dog owner.

23. ‘Could I bring my dog into the compartment with me?' she asked.

24. 'Why are you looking through the keyhole?' I said.

25. 'Who put salt in my coffee?' he asked.

26. 'Which of you knows how to make Irish stew?' said the chief cook.

27. 'Why did you travel first class?' I asked him.

28. 'How can I run in high-heeled shoes?' she enquired.

29. 'What is your new house like?' I asked them.

30. He said, 'Where am I supposed to go now?' (Omit now.)

31. 'Whose car did you borrow last night?' I said to him.

32. 'What was she wearing when you saw her last?' the policeman asked me.

33. 'Who owns this revolver?' said the detective.

34. 'Where were you last night, Mr. Jones?' he said.

35. 'What else did you see?' I asked the boy.

36. 'Have you done this sort of work before?' said his new employer

 

• Tag questions: In a tag question, the speaker makes a statement, but is not completely certain of the truth, so he or she uses a tag question to verify the previous statement. Sentences using tag questions should have the r clause separated from the tag by a comma. The sentence will always with a question mark. Observe the following rules.

1. Use the same auxiliary verb as in the main clause. If there is no auxil­iary, use do, does, or did.

2. If the main clause is negative, the tag is affirmative; if the main clause is affirmative, the tag is negative.

3. Don't change the tense.

4. Use the same subject in the main clause and the tag. The tag must al­ways contain the subject form of the pronoun.

5. Negative forms are usually contracted (n't). (If they are not, they fol­low the order auxiliary + subject + not: He saw this yesterday, did he not?)



6. There is, there are, and it is forms contain a pseudo-subject so the tag will also contain there or it as if it were a subject pronoun.

7. The verb have may be used as a main verb (I have a new car) or it may be used as an auxiliary (John has gone to class already). When it functions as a main verb in American English, the auxiliary forms do, does, or did must be used in the tag.

8. The tag for I am is aren’t: ‘m a fool, aren’t I?

9. The tag for let’s is shall: Lets’ go to the cinema, shall we?

10.After an imperative we use will you? Or won’t you? The imperative with be and have also uses will or won’t: Sit down, will you? Sit down, won’t you? Be quiet, will you? Be quiet, won’t you? Have a sit, won’t you?

 

There are only twenty-eight days in February, aren't there?

It's raining now, isn't it? It isn't raining now, is it?

The boys don't have class tomorrow, do they?

You and 1 talked with the professor yesterday, didn't we?

You won't be leaving for another hour, will you?

Jill and Joe have been to Mexico, haven't they?

You have two children, don't you?

 

In British English, you would be correct to say: You have two children, haven't you?

On TOEFL, which tests standard American English, you must use a form of do if have is the main verb in the sentence.

She has an exam tomorrow, doesn't she?

 


Date: 2015-12-11; view: 1515


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