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Exercise 14: Pronouns with Verbs as Complements

Choose the correct form of the pronoun in each of the following sentences.


1. Richard is expecting (us/our) to go to class tomorrow.

2. You shouldn't rely on (him/his) calling you in the morning.

3. They don't approve of (us/our) leaving early.

4. George asked (me/my) to call him last night.

5. We understand (him/his) haying to leave early.

6. John resented (George/George's) losing the paper.

7. We object to (the defense attorney/the defense attorney's) calling the extra witness.

8. We are expecting (Henry/Henry's) to call us.

9. They are looking forward to (us/our) visiting them.

10. Susan regrets (John/John's) being in trouble.


The Verb Need

The verb need is followed by the infinitive only if a living thing is the subject. If a thing (an inanimate object) is the subject of this verb, the verb is followed by a gerund or the verb be plus the past participle.

living thing as subject + [verb in infinitive]


John and his brother need to paint the house.

My friend needs to learn Spanish.

He will need to drive alone tonight.

thing as subject + [verb + -ing] or [to be + verb in past participle]


The grass needs cutting, or The grass needs to be cut.

The television needs repairing. OR The television needs to be repaired.

The composition needsrewriting. OR The composition needs to be rewritten.

In need of: It is also possible to use the expression in need of in some cases instead of using need as a verb. Because need is not a verb in this case, it must be preceded by the verb be. Study the following rule.

subject + be + in need of + noun ...


Jill is in need of money. (Jill needs money.)

The roof is in need of repair. (The roof needs to be repaired.)

The organization is in need of volunteers. (The organization needs volunteers.)


Exercise 15: Need

Supply the correct form of the verb after need in each of the following sentences.


1. It's too hot and my hair needs (cut).

2. The flowers need to be (water).

3. James needs (see) a doctor soon.

4. Mary will need (make) a new dress for the party.

5. His car needs (tune).

6. You will need (be) here at eight.

7. The squeaky door needs to be (oil).

8. I need (go) shopping this afternoon.

9. They need (study) harder for that test.

10. The house; needs to be (paint) soon.


Remember that, when forming a question, one must place the auxiliary or the verb be before the subject. If there is no auxiliary or be, one must use the correct form of do, does, or did. After do, does, or did, the simple form of the verb must be used. The tense and person are only shown by this auxiliary, not by the main verb.

Yes/no questions: These are questions for which the answer is yes or no.

Is Mary going to school today?

Was Mark sick yesterday?

Have you seen this movie before?

Will the committee decide on the proposal today?

Do you want to use the telephone?

Does George like peanut butter?

Did you go to class yesterday?


Information questions: These are questions for which the answer is more than yes or no; there must be some information in the answer. There are three different rules in this part:

(1) Who or what in subject questions: A subject question is one in which the subject is unknown.

who or what + verb + (complement) + (modifier)


Someone opened the door. (Who opened the door?)

Something happened last night. (What happened last night?)


Note: It is not correct to say: Who did open the door? What did happen last night?


(2) Whom and what in complement questions: A complement question is one in which the complement is unknown.

whom or what + auxiliary verb + subject + verb + (modifier)


NOTE: Although in speech, most people use who rather than whom in these questions, in correct written English, you should use whom to indicate that

the question word comes from the complement position.

Ahmad knows someone from Venezuela. Whom does Ahmad know from Venezuela?

George bought something at the store. What did George buy at the store?

(3) When, where, how, and why questions: These questions are formed the same as complement questions.

when, where, how or why + auxiliary verb + subject + verb + (complement) + (modifier)

When did John move to Jacksonville?

Where does Mohammad live?

Why did George leave so early?

How did Maria get to school today?

Where has Henry gone?

Whenwill Bertha go back to Mexico?


Embedded questions: An embedded question is one which is included in a sentence or another question. The word order is not that of typical questions except for subject questions. Study the following rule.

subject + verb (phrase) + question word + subject + verb


Note: There must not be an auxiliary between the question word and the subject in an embedded question.

Question: Where will the meeting take place? Embedded question: We haven't ascertained where the meeting will take place.

Question: Why did the plane land at the wrong airport? Embedded question: The authorities cannot figure out why the plane landed at the wrong airport.

The following rule applies if the embedded question is embedded in another question.

auxiliary + subject + verb + question word + subject + verb


Do you know where he went?

Could you tell me what time it is?


NOTE:Question words can be single words or phrases. Phrases include: whose + noun, how many, how much, how long, how often, what time, and what kind.

The professor didn't know how many students would be in her afternoon class.

I have no idea how long the interview will take.

Do they know how often the bus runs at night?

Can you tell me how far the museum is from the college?

I'll tell you what kind of ice cream tastes best.

The teacher asked us whose book was on his desk.


Note:There is no change in the order of subject position questions because the question word is functioning as the subject.

Who will paint that picture?

They can't decide who will paint that picture?

Whose car is parked in the lot?

The police can't determine whose car is parked in the lot.


Date: 2015-12-11; view: 1302

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