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Read this text about Walking. Fill the numbered gaps by selecting A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on your answer sheet.

 

If you want to get 31 ______C______fit but don’t fancy spending hours in a gym, walking is probably the safest exercise you 32 ______C_______do. Studies have shown that due to the design of our body, walking is more natural

 

33_______A______sitting, standing or running, and walking is not as stressful to the body as other exercises. While walking is easier on your body, it can be just

34_______D_________running in helping you lose weight. If you walk for 30 minutes at 4 miles an hour you 35 _______D______burn 165 calories on a level surface.

In order to get the most out of walking, good posture is crucial. You

36______A_______ keep your head up and your spine straight and look straight

 

ahead. Keep your arms and shoulders loose although you 37 _______D_______look down occasionally to avoid possible road obstacles. To get the most out of your walk you 38 _________C______keep a brisk pace. If you find it difficult to breathe easily, slow down – you 39 _____A_____be walking 40 __________D_________.


 

 

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Part Five (continued)      
31. A myself 36. A can
  B oneself   B must
  C yourself   C will
  D yourselves   D won’t
32. A will 37. A would
  B would   B wouldn’t
  C can   C should
  D must   D shouldn’t
33. A than 38. A would
  B as   B wouldn’t
  C that   C should
  D to   D shouldn’t
34. A better than 39. A must
  B very beneficial   B mustn’t
  C beneficial as   C should
  D as beneficial as   D would
35. A must 40. A too fast
  B should   B faster
  C won’t   C as fast
  D will   D fast enough

 

(10 marks)


 

 

Page 9 of 14


Part Six

 

 

In the following sentences one of the words underlined needs to be replaced by another word or words. Select the word that needs to be replaced A, B, C or D) and mark your answers on your answer sheet.

 

 

41. If I A had realised it B was raining, I C would have D brought an umbrella.

 

42. You A wouldB better hurry C up or you Dwill miss the train.

 

43. Yesterday A was her birthday B soI C made her a D delicious birthday cake.

 

44. The food in A that new restaurant was B so awful C that I D couldn’t eat it.

 

45. A When we landed B at Gatwick airport, John C had D already arrived to meet us.



 

 

(5 marks)


 

Page 10 of 14


Part Seven

 

Read this article on the sun and the stars. Then read each statement on the following page and decide whether they are true (A) false (B) or not mentioned in the text (C). Mark your answers on your answer sheet.

 

 

Sun and Stars

 

From the earliest times, men have seen patterns in the stars. The ancient Greeks grouped the stars into constellations named after legendary heroes. A few constellations such as Orion do look something like the people they are supposed to represent, but most need a great deal of imagination.

In addition, the stars are never motionless in space but move through it at tremendous speed. Because the universe is slowly expanding, the patterns made by the stars slowly change over time. Two thousand years ago the Plough constellation probably looked more like a plough than it does today.

 

Many stars turn out to be not just single objects but clusters of several stars. One of the finest star clusters is the Pleiades. When you first count the members of this group you will probably manage only six or seven but on very clear nights this number can increase to twelve or thirteen. A really large telescope will reveal the two hundred and more stars in this cluster.

Our sun is a star, approximately 1.4 million kilometres in diameter. A star produces its own energy by nuclear fusion and so gives off light and heat. The temperature at the sun’s surface is 5,500 degrees centigrade and at its core is an unbelievable 15 million degrees centigrade. The atmospheric pressure of the sun is 250 billion times that of the earth. The sun will continue to burn for at least another 5000 million years. The sun will actually become

brighter in time, as it continues to burn.

 

We like to think our sun is special but it is really just an average star. The bright star Betelgeuse in Orion is about a thousand times the size of the sun.


 

 

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Part Seven (continued)  
46. The ancient Greeks were interested in astronomy.
  A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text
47. Orion was a legendary hero.  
  A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text
48. The universe is getting smaller.  
  A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text
49. The stars do not move.  
  A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text
50. There are over two hundred stars in the Pleiades.
  A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text
51. The sun will fade as it gets older.
  A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text
52. Nuclear fusion in the sun creates heat and light.
  A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text
53. The temperature at the centre of the sun is 5500 degrees.
  A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text
54. The sun itself travels through space at a speed of 400 km per second.
  A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text
55. The diameter of Betelgeuse must be at least one thousand million kilometres.
  A = True B = False C = Not mentioned in text

 

(10 marks)


 

 

Page 12 of 14


Part Eight

 


Date: 2015-12-11; view: 918


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