Complete the sentences with two to five words, including the word in bold.
1. He started painting fifteen years ago.
He has been painting for fifteen years.
2. She started taking ballet lessons when she was 6.
She has been taking ballet lessons since she was 6.
3. The last time he visited her was a week ago.
He hasn’t visited her for week.
4. He has been learning Russian for six months.
He started learning Russian six month ago.
5. It’s a week since I last saw him.
I I haven’t seen him for a week.
6. It’s the first time he’s ever seen a skyscraper.
He has never seen a skyscraper before.
7. It was the first time they had travelled by boat.
They had never travelled by boat before.
8. When did she move to France?
How long ago did she move to France?
9. How long is it since you visited Spain?
When did you (last) visit Spain?
10. How long is it since they met?
How long ago did they meet?
11. She wrote the book during her holiday.
She wrote the book while she was on holiday.
12. Sophia was often ill when she was a child.
Sophia used to be ill often when she was a child.
13. Do you think you could learn to live without your mobile phone?
Do you think you could get used to living without your mobile phone?
14. I don’t find it strange to travel all the time any more.
I have got used to travelling all the time.
15. There's a party at Mary's house next week.
Next week Mary is having a party at her house.
16. The arrival time of Helen's flight is 8.00.
Helen's flight is due to arrive at 8.00.
17. Can you find out the time of the film on Sunday?
Can you find out when the film starts on Sunday.
18. Dylan doesn’t intend to spend the night here.
Dylan is not going to spend the night here.
19. We'll get home and then we'll have something to eat.
We'll have something to eat after we get /have got home.
20. I'll finish marking the exams and then I'll tell you your results.
I'll tell you your results as soon as I finish marking the exams.
21. The police are on the point of solving the case.
The police are about to solve the case.
22. The book is unlikely to be a success.
The book probably won’t be / will probably not be a success.
23. 'You must work harder, Kevin,’ said Kevin's teacher.
Kevin's teacher told him he had to / must work harder.
24. I wonder if you know what they did last night.
What did they do last night?
25. My friends are organising the exhibition.
by The exhibition is being organized by my friends.
26. Excuse me, is somebody serving you, sir?
being Excuse me, are you being served sir?
27. A journalist is going to cover the story.
be The story is going to be covered by a journalist.
28. Someone sent them an anonymous letter.
wereThey were sent an anonymous letter.
wasAn anonymous letter was sent to them
29. Jane insisted that I have some more cake
made I was made to have some more cake by Jane.
30. The suspect was being followed by the police.
followingThe police were following the suspect.
31. Someone stole his bike while he was in the bank.
hadHe had his bike stolen while he was in the bank.
32. Two of his teeth were broken in a fight.
hadHe had two of his teeth broken in a fight.
33. It is reported that many people are homeless after the floods.
beMany people are reported to be homeless after the floods.
34. People believe that she works hard.
isShe is believed to work hard.
35. What caused the explosion?
wasWhatwas the explosion caused by?
36. Someone should inform the employees about the strike.
be The employees should be informed about the strike.
37. The money was deposited in his bank account.
had He had the money deposited in his bank account.
38. Tim’s car was serviced last week.
had Tim had his car serviced last week.
39. My eyes are tested by the optician.
have I have my eyes tested by the optician.
40. A beautician was doing her nails.
She was having her nails done by a beautician.
41. ‘Would you like me to open the door?' he asked her.
He offered to open the door.
42. 'Don't forget to take your keys,' said Dad.
Dad reminded me to take my keys.
43. 'I'm sorry I interrupted the meeting,' he said to her.
He apologized to her for interrupting the meeting.
44. 'Let's go for a picnic this afternoon,' Mum said.
Mum suggested going / that we (should) go for a picnic that afternoon.
45. ‘I'll be home early,' he said to her.
He promised to be / that he would be home early.
46. ‘You must not touch these ornaments,’ said Lisa to us.
Lisa forbade us to touch/ from touching the ornaments.
47. ‘I took your new skirt,' my sister said.
My sister admitted to taking / that she had taken my new skirt.
48. "I think you should stay in bed and get plenty of rest," the doctor told her
The doctor advised her to stay / advised that she (should) stay in bed and get plenty of rest.
49. ‘I have to write an essay today,’ she told me.
She complained about having to / that she had to write an essay that day.
50. ‘You did a good job, thank you,’ he said to me.
He thanked me for doing a good job.
51. "OK, I'll wait a little longer," she said.
She agreed / promised / decided to wait a little longer.
52. 'I didn't leave the tap on,' she said.
She denied leaving / that she had left the tap on.
53. "How about going to the Caribbean for our honeymoon?" she asked.
She suggested going / that they (should) go to the Caribbean for their honeymoon.
54. She said: "I dislike French films and so does Jim."
neither She said that neither she nor Jim liked French films
55. She passed the written exam and the oral exam as well.
both She passed both the written and oral exams.
56. There aren't many chefs who can make Creme Bavaroise well.
few There are few chefs who can make Creme Bavaroise well.
57. Nobody can find the solution to the problem.
anybodyThere isn’t anybody who can find the solution to the problem.
58. There wasn't anything he could do to avoid crashing.
nothing There was nothing he could do to avoid crashing.
59. Five is an odd number. Seven is an odd number, too.
are Both of them are / five and sevenare odd numbers.
60. There are only a few people here tonight.
not There are not many people here tonight.
61. She spent all evening at her friend's house.
whole She spent the whole evening at her friend's house
62. We haven't had any time to see each other.
no We have had no time to see each other
63. There isn't anything to watch on television tonight.
nothing There is nothing to watch on television tonight.
64. There were very few guests at Sharon's wedding.
many There were not many guests at Sharon's wedding.
65. He didn’t receive any punishment for his actions.
noHe received no punishment for his actions.
66. Nobody could identify the offender.
anybodyThere wasn’t anyone who could identify the offender.
67. In the prison where I am serving my sentence, Mr Jonson is the warden.
is Mr Johnson is the warden of the prison where I am serving my sentence.
68. It takes ten minutes to walk to the bank.
is It a ten-minute walk/a ten minutes’ walk to the bank.
69. Jill and Chris are the owners of this mobile home.
is This is Jill and Chris’/is Jill and Chris’s mobile home.
70.I met one of my friends outside the school.
of I met a friend of mine outside the school.
Read the texts below and think of one word which best fits each gap. Use only ONE word in each gap.
When I was a young man I spent a year in France, studying French at the University of Grenoble. Every Friday I would eat at the Alps cafe. I didnot use to spend much money, as I could not afford it, but it was a little tradition of mine to eat there. Anyway, I am going / about to tell you a true story which happened on one occasion when I was eating there. I remember I was having a pasta dish at the time. A beautiful girl came up to me and said, 'I was wondering if you wanted to walk with me in the park?' I had never seen her before, so I was rather taken aback. I was about to go with her when I noticed a tough-looking man was
watching our every movement. Seeing my discomfort, the girl whispered to me, in English, 'Park - five minutes!', and then disappeared. Well, my bill took ages to arrive, and by the time I got to the park, there was no sign of the girl. I asked an old lady who was sitting there if she had seen a young girl waiting around. I described the girl to her. The old lady said that the girl had had to rush to the railway station, and that I was to follow her there urgently. She had also left me a note. It said, 'I will / can explain everything. Meet me on platform 6.'
CRACKING THE CODE
In 1845, in Virginia, USA, a hotel owner named Robert Morris decided to break open a locked box that had been given to him for safekeeping by a guest named Thomas Beale. Twenty years before Beale had stayed at the hotel for two months and then vanished, never to be seen again. His box contained three sheets / pieces of paper written in different codes, all numbers. There was a note in English saying that Beale had found a large amount of gold, which he had hidden in a secret location. Unfortunately, there was no key to the code.
Morris worked on the codes without success, before handing them over to someone else in 1860. This person, whose identity remains unknown, managed to crack the second code, which was based on a sentence in the American Declaration of Independence. The decoded message revealed further clues to the location of the treasure and made possible an estimation of its value ($20 million at today's prices). However, the first and the third codes, which were / arebelieved to contain more details, remain unsolved.
Anyone who is interested in the Beale papers can read them because they were published as long ago as 1885. Since then, some of the world's finest analysts have worked on the codes but, despite the promise of hidden treasure, no one has managed to crack them. Whoever does this will become fabulously wealthy.