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Part I can, used to express ability withcould, shall/will be able

Exercises

 

Articles

Articles: a/an
PEG 1-4

Insert a or an if necessary.

1 My neighbour is . . . photographer; let's ask him for . . . advice about colour films.

2 We had . . . fish and . . . chips for . . . lunch. ~
That doesn't sound . . . very interesting lunch.

3 I had . . . very bad night; I didn't sleep . . . wink.

4 He is . . . vegetarian; you won't get . . . meat at his house. He'll give you . . . nut cutlet. ~Last time I had . . . nut cutlet I had . . . indigestion.

5 . . . travel agent would give you . . . information about . . . hotels.

6 We'd better go by . . . taxi—if we can get . . . taxi at such . . . hour as 2 a.m.

7 . . . person who suffers from . . . claustrophobia has . . . dread of being confined in . . . small space, and would always prefer . . . stairs to . . . lift.

8 Do you take . . . sugar in . . . coffee? ~
I used to, but now I'm on . . . diet. I'm trying to lose . . . weight.

9 . . . man suffering from . . . shock should not be given anything to drink.

10 You'll get . . . shock if you touch . . . live wire with that screwdriver.
Why don't you get . . . screwdriver with . . . insulated handle?

11 It costs fifty-five and . . . half pence and I've only got . . . fifty pence piece. ~

You can pay by . . . cheque here. ~
But can I write . . . cheque for . . . fifty-five and . . . half pence?

12 . . . Mr Smith is . . . old customer and . . . honest man. ~
Why do you say that? Has he been accused of . . . dishonesty?

13 I'm not . . . wage-earner; I'm . . . self-employed man. I have . . . business of my own. ~
Then you're not . . . worker; you're . . . capitalist!

14 When he was charged with . . . murder he said he had . . . alibi.

15 . . . friend of mine is expecting . . . baby. If it's . . . girl she's going to be called Etheldreda. ~
What . . . name to give . . . girl!

16 I have . . . hour and . . . half for lunch. ~
I only have . . . half . . . hour—barely . . . time for . . . smoke and ... cup of coffee.

17 I hope you have . . . lovely time and . . . good weather. ~
But I'm not going for . . . holiday; I'm going on . . . business.

18 He looked at me with . . . horror when I explained that I was . . . double agent.

19 I wouldn't climb . . . mountain for £1,000! I have . . . horror of . . . heights.

20 I have . . . headache and . . . sore throat. I think I've got . . . cold. ~
I think you're getting . . . flu.

21 . . . Mr Jones called while you were out (neither of us knows this man). He wants to make . . . complaint about . . . article in the paper. He was in . . . very bad temper.

22 If you go by . . . train you can have quite . . . comfortable journey, but make sure you get . . . express, not . . . train that stops at all the stations.

23 . . . few people know (hardly anyone knows) that there is . . . secret passage from this house to . . . old smugglers' cave in the cliffs.

24 I'm having . . . few friends in to . . . coffee tomorrow evening.

Would you like to come? ~
I'd love to, but I'm afraid I'm going to . . . concert.



25 It's time you had . . . holiday. You haven't had . . . day off for . . . month.

26 He broke ...leg in... skiing accident. It's still in . . . plaster.

27 I want . . . assistant with . . . knowledge of French and . . . experience of . . . office routine.

28 I see that your house is built of . . . wood. Are you insured against ... fire?

29 The escaping prisoner camped in . . . wood but he didn't light . . . fire because . . . smoke rising from the wood might attract . . . attention.

30 I had . . . amazing experience last night. I saw . . . dinosaur eating . . . meat pie in . . . London park. ~

You mean you had . . . nightmare. Anyway, dinosaurs didn't eat . . . meat.

31 I'll pay you . . . hundred . . . week. It's not . . . enormous salary but after all you are . . . completely unskilled man.

32 If you kept . . . graph you could see at . . . glance whether you were making . . . profit or . . . loss.

33 . . . little (hardly anything) is known about the effect of this drug; yet . . . chemist will sell it to you without . . . prescription.

34 I have . . . little money left; let's have dinner in . . . restaurant.

35 Would it be . . . trouble to you to buy me . . . newspaper on your way home?

36 . . . man is . . . reasoning animal.

 

Articles: the
PEG 6-8

Insertthe if necessary.

1 . . . youngest boy has just started going to . . . school; . . . eldest boy is at . . . college.

2 She lives on . . . top floor of an old house. When . . . wind blows, all . . . windows rattle.

3 . . . darkness doesn't worry . . . cats; . . . cats can see in . . . dark.

4 My little boys say that they want to be . . . spacemen, but most of them will probably end up in . . . less dramatic jobs.

5 Do you know . . . time? ~

Yes, . . . clock in . . . hall has just struck nine. ~
Then it isn't . . . time to go yet.

6 He was sent to . . . prison for . . . six months for . . . shop-lifting.

When . . . six months are over he'll be released; . . . difficulty then will be to find . . . work. ~
Do you go to . . . prison to visit him?

7 I went to . . . school to talk to . . . headmistress. I persuaded her to let Ann give up . . . gymnastics and take . . . ballet lessons instead.

8 . . . ballet isn't much use for . . . girls; it is much better to be able to play . . . piano.

9 I am on... night duty. When you go to . . . bed, I go to . . . work.

10 Peter's at . . . office but you could get him on . . . phone. There's a telephone box just round . . . corner

11 He got... bronchitis and was taken to . . . hospital.I expect they'll send him home

at . . . end of . . . week. ~
Have you rung . . . hospital to ask how he is?

12 Ann's habit of riding a motorcycle up and down . . . road early in . . . morning annoyed . . . neighbours and in . . . end they took her to . . . court.

13 He first went to . . . sea in a Swedish ship, so as well as learning . . . navigation he had to learn . . . Swedish.

14 . . . family hotels are . . . hotels which welcome . . . parents and . . . children.

15 On . . . Sundays my father stays in . . . bed till ten o'clock, reading . . . Sunday papers.

16 Then he gets up, puts on . . . old clothes, has . . . breakfast and starts . . . work in . . . garden.

17 My mother goes to . . . church in . . . morning, and in . . . afternoon goes to visit . . . friends.

18 Like many women, she loves . . . tea parties and . . . gossip.

19 My parents have ... cold meat and . . . salad for . . . supper, . . . winter and . . . summer.

20 During . . . meal he talks about . . . garden and she tells him . . . village gossip.

21 We have a very good train service from here to . . . city centre and most people go to . . . work by train. You can go by . . . bus too, of course, but you can't get a season ticket on . . . bus.

22 . . . dead no longer need . . . help. We must concern ourselves with . . . living. We must build . . . houses and . . . schools and . . . playgrounds.

23 I'd like to see . . . Mr Smith please. ~

Do you mean . . . Mr Smith who works in . . . box office or . . . other Mr Smith?

24 Did you come by . . . air? ~

No, I came by . . . sea. I had a lovely voyage on . . . Queen Elizabeth II.

25 . . . most of . . . stories that . . . people tell about . . . Irish aren't true.

26 . . . married couples with . . . children often rent . . . cottages by . . . seaside for . . . summer holidays.

. . . men hire boats and go for . . . trips along . . . coast; . . . children spend . . . day on . . . beach and . . . poor mothers spend . . . most of . . . time doing . . . cooking and cleaning.

27 It's usually safe to walk on . . . sand, but here, when . . . tide is coming in, . . . sand becomes dangerously soft. . . . people have been swallowed up by it.

28 When . . . Titanic was crossing . . . Atlantic she struck an iceberg which tore a huge hole in her bow. . . . captain ordered . . . crew to help . . . passengers into . . . boats.

29 Everywhere . . . man has cut down . . . forests in order to cultivate . . . ground, or to use . . . wood as . . . fuel or as . . . building material.

30 But . . . interference with . . . nature often brings . . . disaster. . . . tree-felling sometimes turns . . . fertile land into a dustbowl.

31 . . . people think that . . . lead is . . . heaviest metal, but . . . gold is heavier.

32 Our air hostess said, '. . . rack is only for . . . light articles. . . . heavy things such as . . . bottles must be put on . . . floor.'

33 . . . windows are supposed to let in . . . light; but . . . windows of this house are so small that we have to have . . . electric light on all . . . time.

34 There'11 always be a conflict between . . . old and . . . young. . . . young people want . . . change but . . . old people want . . . things to stay . . . same.

35 . . . power tends to corrupt and . . . absolute power corrupts absolutely.

36 You can fool some of . . . people all . . . time, and all . . . people some of . . . time; but you cannot fool all . . . people all . . . time.

 

Articles: a/an, the

PEG 1-8

Inserta, an orthe if necessary.

 

1 There was . . . knock on . . . door. I opened it and found . . . small dark man in . . . blue overcoat and . . . woollen cap.

2 He said he was . . . employee of . . . gas company and had come to read . . . meter.

3 But I had . . . suspicion that he wasn't speaking . . . truth because . . . meter readers usually wear . . . peaked caps.

4 However, I took him to . . . meter, which is in . . . dark corner under . . . stairs

(. . . meters are usually in . . . dark corners under . . . stairs).

5 I asked if he had . . . torch; he said he disliked torches and always read . . . meters by . . . light of . . . match.

6 I remarked that if there was . . . leak in . . . gaspipe there might be . . . explosion while he was reading . . . meter.

7 He said, 'As . . . matter of . . . fact, there was . . . explosion in . . . last house I visited; and Mr Smith, . . . owner of . . . house, was burnt in . . . face.'

8 'Mr Smith was holding . . . lighted match at . . . time of . . . explosion.'

9 To prevent . . . possible repetition of this accident, I lent him . . . torch.

10 He switched on . . . torch, read . . . meter and wrote . . . reading down on . . . back of . . . envelope.

11 I said in . . . surprise that . . . meter readers usually put . . . readings down in . . . book.

12 He said that he had had . . . book but that it had been burnt in . . . fire in . . . Mr Smith's house.

13 By this time I had come to . . . conclusion that he wasn't . . . genuine meter reader; and . . . moment he left . . . house I rang . . . police.

14 Are John and Mary . . . cousins? ~
No, they aren't . . . cousins; they are . . . brother and . . . sister.

15 . . . fog was so thick that we couldn't see . . . side of . . . road. We followed . . . car in front of us and hoped that we were going . . . right way.

16 I can't remember . . . exact date of . . . storm, but I know it was . . . Sunday because everybody was at . . . church. On . . . Monday . . . post didn't come because . . . roads were blocked by . . . fallen trees.

17 Peter thinks that this is quite . . . cheap restaurant.

18 There's been . . . murder here. ~
Where's . . . body?~
There isn't . . . body. ~
Then how do you know there's been . . . murder?

19 Number . . . hundred and two, - . . house next door to us, is for sale.
It's quite . - . nice house with . . . big rooms. . . . back windows look out on . . . park.

20 I don't know what . . . price . . . owners are asking. But Dry and Rot are . . . agents. You could give them . . . ring and make them . . . offer.

21 . . . postman's little boy says that he'd rather be . . . dentist than . . . doctor, because . . . dentists don't get called out at . . . night.

22 Just as . . . air hostess (there was only one on the plane) was handing me . . . cup of . . . coffee . . . plane gave . . . lurch and . . . coffee went all over . . . person on . . . other side of . . . gangway.

23 There was . . . collision between . . . car and . . . cyclist at . . . crossroads near . . . my house early in . . . morning. . . . cyclist was taken to . . . hospital with . . . concussion. . . . driver of . . . car was treated for . . . shock. . . . witnesses say that . . . car was going at . . . seventy miles . . . hour.

24 Professor Jones, . . . man who discovered . . . new drug that everyone is talking about, refused to give . . . press conference.

25 Peter Piper, . . . student in . . . professor's college, asked him why he refused to talk

to . . . press.

26 We're going to . . . tea with . . . Smiths today, aren't we? Shall we take . . . car? ~

We can go by . . . car if you wash . . . car first. We can't go to . . . Mrs Smith's in . . .

car all covered with . . . mud.

27 He got . . . job in . . . south and spent . . . next two years doing . . . work he really enjoyed.

28 It is . . . pleasure to do . . . business with such . . . efficient organization.

29 . . . day after . . . day passed without . . . news, and we began to lose ... hope.

30 Would you like to hear . . . story about . . . Englishman, . . . Irishman and . . . Scotsman? ~

No. I've heard . . . stories about . . . Englishmen, . . . Irishmen and . . . Scotsmen before

and they are all . . . same.

31 But mine is not . . . typical story. In my story . . . Scotsman is generous, . . . Irishman is logical and . . . Englishman is romantic. ~
Oh, if it's . . . fantastic story I'll listen with . . . pleasure.

32 My aunt lived on . . . ground floor of . . . old house on . . . River Thames. She was very much afraid of . . . burglars and always locked up . . . house very carefully before she went to . . . bed. She also took . . . precaution of looking under . . . bed to see if . . .
burglar was hiding there.

33 '. . . modern burglars don't hide under . . . beds,' said her daughter.
I'll go on looking just . . . same,' said my aunt.

34 One morning she rang her daughter in . . . triumph. 1 found . . . burglar under . . . bed . . . last night,' she said, 'and he was quite . . . young man.'

35 . . . apples are sold by . . . pound. These are forty pence . . . pound.

36 It was . . . windy morning but they hired . . . boat and went for . . . sail along . . . coast. In . . - afternoon . . . wind increased and they soon found themselves in . . . difficulties.

Articles and possessive adjectives
PEG 1-8,62-3

Inserta, an, the, or my, his, her, our, your, their if necessary.

1 He took off . . . coat and set to work.

2 Why are you standing there with . . . hands in . . . pockets?

3 At most meetings . . . people vote by raising . . . right hands.

4 The bullet struck him in . . . foot.

5 They tied . . . hands behind . . . back and locked him in a cellar.

6 He took . . . shoes off and entered on . . . tiptoe.

7 Someone threw . . . egg which struck the speaker on . . . shoulder.

8 I have . . . headache.

9 I have . . . pain in . . . shoulder.

10 The windscreen was smashed and the driver was cut in . . . face by broken glass.

11 He was . . . very tall man with . . . dark hair and . . . small beard, but I couldn't see . . . eyes because he was wearing . . . dark glasses.

12 He tore . . . trousers getting over a barbed wire fence.

13 Brother and sister were quite unlike each other. He had . . . fair wavy hair; . . . hair was dark and straight.

14 She pulled . . . sleeve to attract his attention.

15 She pulled him by . . . sleeve.

16 'Hands up!' said the masked man, and we all put . . . hands up.

17 Ask . . . woman in front of you to take off . . . hat.

18 He stroked . . . chin thoughtfully.

19 If you're too hot why don't you take off . . . coat?

20 I saw him raise . . . right hand and take . . . oath.

21 The lioness bit him in . . . leg.

22 You should change . . . wet shoes, or you'll catch another cold.

23 There was a shot and a policeman came out with . . . blood running down . . . face.

24 We shook . . . hands with . . . host.

25 He fell off his horse and injured . . . back.

26 The barman seized the drunk by . . . collar.

27 Leave . . . coats in . . . cloakroom; don't bring them into . . . theatre.

28 He fell down a flight of stairs and broke . . . rib.

29 He pointed to a woman in . . . green dress.

30 He is . . . thoroughly selfish man; he wouldn't lift . . . finger to help anyone.

31 You'll strain . . . eyes if you read in . . . bad light.

32 She was on . . . knees, scrubbing . . . kitchen floor.

33 He has . . . horrible job; I wouldn't like to be in . . . shoes.

34 You've got . . . shirt on inside out.

35 'Pull up . . . socks,' said his mother.

36 I hit . . . thumb with a hammer whenI was hanging the picture.

 

 

a/an and one

PEG 4

Insert a/an orone if necessary.

 

1 . . . of my friends advised me to take . . . taxi; another said that there was quite . . . good bus service.

2 . . . friend of mine lent me . . . book by Meredith. I've only . . . more chapter to read. Would you like . . . loan of it afterwards?~
No, thanks. I read . . . of his books . . . few years ago and didn't like it. Besides I have . . . library book to finish. If I don't take it back tomorrow I'll have to pay . . . fine.

3 . . . man I met on the train told me . . . rather unusual story.

4 Most people like . . . rest after . . . hard day's work, but Tom seemed to have . . . inexhaustible supply of energy.

5 I've told you . . . hundred times not to come into . . . room with . . . hat on.

6 It's unlucky to light three cigarettes with . . . match. ~
That's only . . . superstition. Only . . . idiot believes in superstitions.

7 He says . . . caravan is no good; he needs . . . cottage.

8 . . . plate is no good; we need . . . dozen.

9 Last time there was . . . fog here . . . plane crash-landed in . . . field near the airport. The crew had . . . lucky escape. . . . man broke his leg; the rest were unhurt.

10 You've been . . . great help to me; . . . day I will repay you.

11 My car broke down near . . . bus stop. There was . . . man waiting for . . . bus so I asked him for . . . advice.

12 He took . . . quick look at my car and said, 'Buy . . . new . . . .'

13 There was . . . woman there. The rest were men. ~
There shouldn't have been even . . . woman. It was meant to be . . . stag party.

14 Don't tell . . . soul! Not even your wife! ~
Of course not! I'd never tell . . . secret to . . . woman.

15 Most of the staff had been there for only . . . very short time, but . . . man had been there . . . year and . . . half, so he knew . . . little more than the rest.

16 Could you lend me . . . dictionary, please? I'm trying to do . . . crossword puzzle. ~
I'm afraid I've only got . . . dictionary, and Tom's borrowed it.

17 . . . chop won't be enough for Tom; he'll want two; he's . . . small man but he's got . . . big appetite.

18 1 want . . . volunteers for . . . dangerous job,' said the captain.
There was . . . long silence.

'Isn't there even . . . man who will take . . . risk?' he asked.
. . . voice called out from the back, 'Will there be . . . reward?'

19 I have . . . flat on the top floor. You get . . . lovely view from there.

20 . . . day a new director arrived. He was . . . ambitious, bad-tempered man, and the staff took . . . instant dislike to him.

21 Suddenly . . . bullet struck . . . street lamp . . . little to Bill's left. He looked up and saw . . . man with . . . gun standing at . . . open window.

22 Bill fired back twice. . . . bullet hit the wall, the other broke . . . pane of . . . glass. He heard . . . angry shout.

23 . . . day—it was . . . dry day with . . . good visibility—Tom was driving along . . . country road in . . . borrowed car.

24 You're making . . . mistake after another. Have you . . . hangover, or something? ~

No, but I had . . . very bad night last night. The people next door were having . . .

party. ~

. . . bad night shouldn't have such . . . effect on your work. I often have three bad

nights in succession. I live in . . . very noisy street.

Auxiliary Verbs

Auxiliary verbs
PEG 106-7

Auxiliaries here are used both alone and as part of various tenses of ordinary verbs.

Read the following (a) in the negative (b) in the interrogative. These sentences, except for nos. I and 13, could also be used for question tag exercises (see Exercise 13).

Note:

1 may for possibility rarely begins a sentence. Instead we use do you think (that) + present/future or is + subject + likely + infinitive:

Tom may know.

Do you think (that) Tom knows?
Is Tom likely to know?

2 Useneedn't as the negative ofmust.

1 It may cost £100.

2 Men should help with the housework.

3 Tom would pay her.

4 They could play the guitar.

5 We're seeing Mary tomorrow.

6 She ought to keep it in the f ridge.

7 You can understand it.

8 The police were watching the house.

9 You can go with him.

10 They've got a house.

11 Your boss will be angry.

12 Tom should pay the fine.

13 They may come tonight.

14 They were cleaning their shoes.

15 He must write in French.

16 You have read the instructions.

17 These pearls are made by oysters.

18 The ice was thick enough to walk on.

19 This will take a long time.

20 They may (permission) take the car.

21 You've made a mistake.

22 Ann would like a skiing holiday.

23 We must do it at once.

24 Tom could come.

25 They were in a hurry.

26 There is enough salt in it.

27 You could see the sea from the house.

28 Ann will be able to drive you.

29 They had written to him.

30 We must cook it in butter.

31 It is freezing.

32 She ought to accept the offer.

33 There'11 be time for tea.

34 I'm right.

35 He may be at home.

36 He used to live here.

 

Auxiliaries conjugated with do/does/did
PEG 106-7, 123, 126 (see also Exercise 17)

Some auxiliaries when used in certain ways make their negative and interrogative according to the rule for ordinary verbs, i.e. withdo.
Sometimes either form is possible.

 

Make the sentences (a) negative and (b) interrogative, using do/does/did.

1 They have eggs for breakfast.

2 He needs a new coat.

3 He used to sell fruit.

4 They have to work hard.

5 She does the housework.

6 He needs more money.

7 He had a row with his boss.

8 She had a heart attack.

9 Her hair needed cutting.

10 He does his homework after supper.

11 She has a singing lesson every week.

12 She had to make a speech.

13 He does his best.

14 He has to get up at six every day.

15 The children have dinner at school.

16 She dared him to climb it.

17 You did it on purpose.

18 He has his piano tuned regularly, (see 119)

19 He dares to say that!

20 They had a good time.

21 The drink did him good.

22 My watch needs cleaning.

23 He had an accident.

24 You had your house painted.

25 She used to make her own clothes.

26 You do the exercises.

27 He had difficulty (in) getting a job.

28 He dared to interrupt the president, did he? (Omit final did he?)

Auxiliary verbs
PEG 106-7

Put the following verbs into the past tense. (Auxiliaries are used both by themselves and

as part of certain forms and tenses of ordinary verbs.)

Usehad to as the past tense ofmust anddidn't need as a past tense ofneedn't.

1 He isn't working hard.

2 She doesn't like cats.

3 I can't say anything.

4 We must read it carefully.

5 He won't help us.

6 He can lift it easily.

7 It isn't far from London.

8 Isn't it too heavy to carry?

9 He needn't pay at once.

10 He hopes that Tom will be there. (He hoped . . .)

11 How much does this cost?

12 He says that Ann may be there. (He said . . :)

13 How old is he?

14 Do you see any difference?

15 I do what I can.

16 How far can you swim?

17 I must change my shoes.

18 Tom dares not complain.

19 I don't dare (to) touch it.

20 Have you time to do it?

21 Are you frightened?

22 Must you pay for it yourself?

23 The letter needn't be typed.

24 We hope that he'll come. (We hoped. . .)

25 He says that she may not be in time. (He said that she . . .)

26 Do you understand what he is saying? I don't.

27 There are accidents every day at these crossroads.

28 She thinks that it may cost £100. (She thought that it . . .)

29 Doesn't Mr Pitt know your address?

30 They aren't expecting me, are they?

31 He thinks that the snakes may be dangerous, (see 28)

32 She wants to know if she can borrow the car. (She wanted to know if...)

33 Can't you manage on £100 a week?

34 Tom is certain that he will win.

35 Can you read the notice? No, I can't.

36 I don't think that the bull will attack us.

Auxiliary verbs
PEG 108

Answer the following questions (a) in the affirmative (b) in the negative, in each case

repeating the auxiliary and using a pronoun as subject.

Do you need this? ~ Yes, I do/No, I don't.
Can Tom swim? - Yes, he can/No, he can't.

Note also:

Is that Bill? ~ Yes, it is/No, it isn't.
Will there be time? ~ Yes, there will/No, there won't.

Useneedn't in 7 and 15. Usemust in 26 and 35.

1 Is the water deep?

2 Do you know the way?

3 Can you swim?

4 Does he come every day?

5 Is that Tom over there?

6 Are you Tom's brother?

7 Must you go?

8 Are you enjoying yourselves?

9 Did he see you?

10 Would £10 be enough?

11 May I borrow your car?
12 Is this the front of the queue?

13 Will she be there?

14 Do you play cards?

15 Should I tell the police?

16 Can you cook?

17 Are you ready?

18 Could women join the club?

19 Is your name Pitt?

20 Were they frightened?

21 Will his mother be there?

22 Ought I to get a new one?

23 Should I tell him the truth?

24 Was the driver killed?

25 Have you any money?

26 Need we finish the exercise?

27 Used he to ride in races?

28 Would you like to see him?

29 Is this yours?

30 Do you want it?

31 Can I take it?

32 Will you bring it back tomorrow?

33 Are you free this evening?

34 Am I in your way?

35 Need I wear a tie?

36 Was that Bill on the phone?

Additions to remarks, using auxiliary verbs
PEG 112

Part IAdd to the following remarks using(and) so + the noun/pronoun in brackets + the auxiliary. If there is an auxiliary in the first remark repeat this; if not use do/does/did.
He lives in London. (I) He lives in London and so do 1.
He had to wait. (you) He had to wait and so had you.

1 I have read it. (John)

2 He is a writer, (she)

3 Tom can speak Welsh, (his wife)

4 She ought to get up. (you)

5 I should be wearing a seat belt. (you)

6 John will be there. (Tom)

7 The first bus was full. (the second)

8 I bought a ticket, (my brother)

9 You must come. (your son)

10 This bus goes to Piccadilly. (that)

11 I'm getting out at the next stop. (my friend)

12 He used to work in a restaurant. (1)

Part 2 Add to the following remarks using (and) neither/nor + the auxiliary + the noun/pronoun in brackets.
He isn't back. (she) He isn't back and neither is she.

13 I haven't seen it. (Tom)

14 You shouldn't be watching TV. (Tom)

15 You mustn't be late. (1)

16 He can't come. (his sister)

17 I don't believe it. (Ann)

18 Alice couldn't understand. (Andrew)

19 I'm not going, (you)

20 This telephone doesn't work. (that)

21 Tom's car won't start. (mine)

22 I hadn't any change. (the taxi driver)

23 He didn't know the way. (anyone else)

24 My father wouldn't mind. (my mother)

Part 3 Contrary additions.

Add to the following remarks usingbut + noun/pronoun + the auxiliaryor do/does/did. Make a negative addition to an affirmative remark:
She thanked me. (he) She thanked me but he didn't.

Make an affirmative addition to a negative remark:
She can't eat oysters. (I) She can't eat oysters but I can.

Use needn't as the negative of must, and must as the affirmative of needn't.

25 John was seasick. (Mary)

26 He wasn't there, (she)

27 You must go. (your brother)

28 My sister can speak German. (I)

29 Alexander didn't want to wait. (James)

30 Bill needn't stay. (Stanley)

31 A cat wouldn't eat it. (a dog)

32 He will enjoy it. (his wife)

33 I haven't got a computer, (my neighbour)

34 This beach is safe for bathing, (that beach)

35 I must leave early, (you)

36 You don't have to pay tax. (I)

Agreements and disagreements with remarks, using auxiliary verbs

PEG 109

Part I Agreements with affirmative remarks.
Agree with the following remarks, using yes/so + pronoun + the auxiliary ordo/does/did. To express surprise, use Oh, so . . .
He has a good influence on her. - Yes, he has.

 

1 We must have a large room.

2 I was very rude.

3 She always wears dark glasses.

4 She may be a spy.

5 Tom could tell us where to go.

6 There's a snake in that basket.

7 He needs six bottles.

8 This boat is leaking!

9 His revolver was loaded.

10 This restaurant might be expensive.

11 They used to have a parrot.

12 The fog is getting thicker.

Part 2 Agreements with negative remarks. Agree with the following remarks, using no + pronoun + the auxiliary.
Elephants never forget. ~ No, they don't.

13 Cuckoos don't build nests.

14 He didn't complain.

15 It isn't worth keeping.

16 He can't help coughing.

17 The ice wasn't thick enough.

18 The lift wouldn't come down.

19 This flat hasn't got very thick walls.

20 They don't have earthquakes there.

21 The oranges didn't look very good.

22 It hasn't been a bad summer.

23 I don't look my age.

24 He mightn't like that colour.

Part 3Disagreements with affirmative or negative remarks. Disagree with

the following remarks, using oh no/but + pronoun + auxiliary. Use a negative auxiliary

if the first verb is affirmative and an affirmative auxiliary if the first verb is negative.
He won't be any use. ~ (Oh) yes, he will.
She worked here for a year. - (Oh) no, she didn't.

25 You're drunk.

26 I didn't do it on purpose.

27 They weren't in your way.

28 I wasn't born then.

29 She'd rather live alone.

30 You gave him my address.

31 I can use your bicycle.

32 That five pound note belongs to me.

33 He didn't mean to be rude.

34 Children get too much pocket money.

35 Exams should be abolished.

36 She promised to obey him.

 

Question tags after negative statements
peg 110

Add question tags to the following statements.
Bill doesn't know Ann.
Bill doesn't know Ann, does he?
Ann hasn't got a phone.
Ann hasn 't got a phone, has she?

this/that (subject) becomes it in the tag. there remains unchanged:
That isn't Tom, is it?
There won't be time, will there?

All the tags, except the tag for no. 30, should be spoken in the usual way with a

statement intonation. But they could also be practised with a question intonation. The

important word in the statement must then be stressed.

 

1 You aren't afraid of snakes.

2 Ann isn't at home.

3 You don't know French.

4 Tom didn't see her.

5 This isn't yours.

6 Mary wasn't angry.

7 Bill hasn't had breakfast.

8 You won't tell anyone.

9 I didn't wake you up.

10 Tom doesn't like oysters.

11 You don't want to sell the house.

12 It doesn't hurt.

13 People shouldn't drink and drive.

14 You aren't going alone.

15 They couldn't pay the rent.

16 You don't agree with Bill.

17 There wasn't a lot to do.

18 I needn't say anything.

19 That wasn't Ann on the phone.

20 You didn't do it on purpose.

21 This won't take long.

22 She doesn't believe you.

23 It didn't matter very much.

24 He shouldn't put so much salt in it.

25 Mary couldn't leave the children alone.

26 You aren't doing anything tonight.

27 You wouldn't mind helping me with this.

28 George hadn't been there before.

29 The children weren't surprised.

30 You wouldn't like another drink.

31 Tom doesn't have to go to lectures.

32 Bill hasn't got a car.

33 Bill couldn't have prevented it.

34 I needn't wait any longer.

35 There weren't any mosquitoes.

36 The fire wasn't started deliberately.

 

 

Question tags after affirmative statements
Peg110

Add question tags to the following statements:
Tom goes to Bath quite often, doesn 't he?
He told you about his last trip, didn 't he?
It was very cold last night, wasn 't it?

Be careful of the contractions 's and'd:
He's ready, isn 't he? He's finished, hasn 't he?
He'd seen it, hadn't he? He'd like it, wouldn't he?

These should be practised mainly with a statement intonation, but they could also be said

with a question intonation. See notes to previous exercise.

 

1 The children can read French.

2 He's ten years old.

3 Bill came on a bicycle.

4 The Smiths have got two cars.

5 Your grandfather was a millionaire.

6 Tom should try again.

7 It could be done.

8 Your brother's here.

9 That's him over there.

10 George can leave his case here.

11 This will fit in your pocket.

12 His wife has headaches quite often.

13 She's got lovely blue eyes.

14 The twins arrived last night.

15 Mary paints portraits.

16 Bill puts the money in the bank.

17 Bill put the money in the bank.

18 Prices keep going up.

19 I've seen you before.

20 Bill's written a novel.

21 His mother's very proud of him.

22 The twins used to play rugby.

23 Tom might be at home now.

24 We must hurry.

25 You'd been there before.

26 You'd like a drink.

27 The boys prefer a cooked breakfast.

28 Mary ought to cook it for them.

29 That was Ann on the phone.

30 The Smiths need two cars.

31 You'll help me.

32 He used to eat raw fish.

33 There'11 be plenty for everyone.

34 You'd better wait for Bill.

35 You'd come if I needed help.

36 You could come at short notice.

Question tags: mixed
PEG 110

See notes to Exercises 12 and 13.

Note that a statement containing words such asnone, nobody, hardly/hardly any etc. is treated as a negative statement:
He hardly ever makes a mistake, does he?

When the subject is nobody/anybody/everybody etc., the pronoun they is used in the tag:
Nobody liked the play, did they?

Add question tags to the following statements.

 

1 You take sugar in tea.

2 But you don't take it in coffee.

3 The lift isn't working today.

4 It never works very well.

5 The area was evacuated at once.

6 There was no panic.

7 Though everybody realized the danger.

8 There was a lot of noise.

9 But nobody complained.

10 Mary hardly ever cooks.

11 She buys convenience foods.

12 She'd save money if she bought fresh food.

13 Mr Smith usually remembered his wife's birthdays.

14 But he didn't remember this one.

15 And his wife was very disappointed.

16 He ought to have made a note of it.

17 Neither of them offered to help you.

18 They don't allow pet dogs in this shop.

19 But guide dogs can come in.

20 He hardly ever leaves the house.

21 That isn't Bill driving.

22 Nothing went wrong.

23 Lions are loose in this reserve.

24 So we'd better get back in the car.

25 It'd be unpleasant to be attacked by a lion.

26 And it wouldn't be any use running away.

27 It is a pity Ann didn't come with us.

28 She'd have enjoyed it.

29 They should have planned the expedition more carefully.

30 Lives were lost unnecessarily.

31 She warned him not to ride the stallion.

32 But he never takes advice.

33 There used to be trees here.

34 There isn't any point in waiting.

35 He'll hardly come now.

36 Your central heating doesn't work very well.

Auxiliaries followed by full or bare infinitive
PEG 246

Put to where necessary before the infinitives in brackets.

1 You needn't (come) tomorrow.

2 People used (travel) on horseback.

3 I'll have (hurry).

4 You ought (take) a holiday.

5 I'll (lend) him some money.

6 You are (go) at once.

7 We didn't have (pay) anything.

8 There won't (be) enough room for everyone.

9 You can (see) the windmill from here.

10 He was able (explain).

11 We may have (stay) here all night.

12 He used (spend) a lot of time in his library.

13 He didn't dare (say) anything.

14 Don't (move).

15 We'll (look) for a hotel.

16 You needn't (look) for a hotel; I'll be able (put) you up.

17 The doctor said that I ought (give up) smoking.

18 He used to drink quite a lot.

19 He should (be) ready by now.

20 May I (ask) you a question?

21 I shan't be able (do) it till after the holidays.

22 I didn't need (say) anything.

23 How dare you (open) my letters!

24 They ought (warn) people about the dangerous currents.

25 I should (say) nothing about it if I were you.

26 You are not (mention) this to anyone.

27 Why do they (obey) him?~
They don't dare (refuse).

28 You must (look) both ways before crossing the road.

29 Your map may (have been) out of date.

30 You ought (have finished) it last night.

31 I must (say) I think you behaved very badly.

32 I will have (carry) a tent.

33 We've got (get out).

34 It might (kill) somebody.

35 Ought you (be) watching TV?

36 Shouldn't you (be) doing your homework?

Auxiliaries: mixed
PEG chapters 11-16

Fill each of the following gaps with a suitable auxiliary or auxiliary form.

 

1 Schoolboy to friend: I left my book at home. . . . I share yours?

2 I'm taking swimming lessons. I hope to . . . to swim by the end of the month.

3 You . . . better take off your wet shoes.

4 I'm sorry I'm late. I . . . to wait ages for a bus.

5 Teacher: You . . . (obligation) read the play, but you . . . (no obligation) read

the preface.

6 I knew he was wrong but I . . . (hadn 't the courage) to tell him so.

7 You're getting fat. You . . . to cut down on your beer drinking.

8 He . . . to smoke very heavily. Now he hardly smokes at all.

9 The new motorway . . . opened this afternoon, (plan)

10 I've come without any money. . . . you possibly lend me £5?

11 Ann: . . . we meet at Piccadilly Circus?

12 Tom: It . . . be better to meet at the theatre. We . . . miss one another at Piccadilly.

13 . . . you like to come canoeing with me next weekend?

14 Mary: I . . . to pay 20p. for this little chap on the bus yesterday.

15 Ann: My little boy's under three so I . . . (No obligation. Use present tense.) to pay

for him.

16 The plane . . . landed (unfulfilled plan) at Heathrow, but it has been diverted to

Gatwick.

17 You've spelt it wrong. There . . . be another 's'.

18 You . . . told me! (I'm disappointed that you didn't tell me.)

19 We . . . to take a taxi. Otherwise we'll be late.

20 At the holiday camp we . . . to get up at six and bathe in the river.
Then we . . . come back and cook an enormous breakfast, (routine actions)

21 Tom . . . know the address. (Tom probably knows.)

22 Tom . . . know the address. (I'm sure that Tom knows.)

23 I've lost my umbrella! I . . . left it on the bus! (deduction)

24 Theatre regulations: At the end of the performance the public . . . (are permitted to) leave by all exit doors.

25 If I . . . you I'd get a taxi.

26 Did you paint it yourself or did you . . . it painted?

27 You . . . (negative) to be driving so fast. There's a speed limit here.

28 You . . . (request) get me some aspirin when you're at the chemist's.

 

 

have: possessive
PEG 122

In British English, have meaning possess is not normally conjugatec with do except when there is an idea of habit.
/ haven't (got) a watch, (present possession)
How many corners has a (a characteristic rather than a habit cube?

He doesn 't usually have time (habit) to study.

 

In the past,did is used for habit; otherwise either form is possible:
Did you have/Had you an umbrella when you left the house?

 

In other English-speaking countries, however, the do forms are used almost exclusively. It would therefore be possible to use do/didforms throughout the following exercises (except in no. 27), but students are asked to use have not/have you forms where they could be used. Where both are equally usual this will be noted in the key.

 

Fill the spaces with the correct forms of have, adding got where possible. Only one space will be left in each clause, but note that gotmay be separated from have by another word. When a negative form is required '(negative)' will be placed at the end of the example.

 

1 He is standing there in the rain and . . . even the sense to put up his umbrella, (negative)

2 He . . . a cold in the head. ~
That's nothing new; he always . . .a cold.

3 I . . . brainwaves very often, but I . . . one now. (1st verb negative)

4 It is no good arguing with someone who . . . a bee in his bonnet.

5 Why don't you say something? You . . . an excuse? (negative)

6 You . . . this toothache yesterday?

7 How many letters . . . the alphabet?

8 The houses in your country . . . flat roofs?

9 You . . . the time? ( = Do you know the time?) -
No, I . . . a watch, (negative)

10 You ever . . . an impulse to smash something?

11 He . . . £1,000 a year when his father dies.

12 Air passengers usually . . . much luggage, (negative)

13 You . . . any objection to sitting with your back to the engine?

14 Oysters . . . always pearls in them. (negative)

15 Your door . . . a little hole through which you can peep at callers? (negative)

16 You . . . a match on you? ~
No, I don't smoke so I never . . . matches.

17 What is your opinion? ~
I . . . an opinion? (negative)

18 That cup . . . a crack in it.

19 You . . . any suspicion who did it?

20 This desk . . . a secret drawer? ~
No, modern desks ever . . . secret drawers. (negative)

21 When you go to a place for the first time, you ever . . . a feeling that you've been there

before?

22 Babies . . . teeth when they're born?

23 How many sides . . . a pentagon?

24 Our cat . . . kittens every year. ~
How many she . . . each time?

25 They say that if children . . . complete freedom when they are young, they . . . inhibitions when they grow up. (2nd verb negative)

26 You . . . mosquitoes in your country in summer?

27 You . . . children?~
Yes, I . . . two, a boy and a girl.

28 You . . . a motor cycle? ~
No, I only . . . an ordinary bicycle, but I . . . a motor cycle next year.

29 Why do you suddenly want to back out? You . . . cold feet?

30 Customer: You . . . any mushrooms today?
Shopkeeper: We usually . . . them but I'm afraid we . . . any at the moment.

(last verb negative)

31 I think I know the man you mean. He . . . one blue eye and one brown one? (negative)

32 Children nowadays . . . far too much pocket money. I . . . any when I was at school. (2nd verb negative)

33 We were always getting lost in the desert. ~
You . . . compasses? (negative)

34 Red-haired people always . . . bad tempers?

35 Do you think we should eat this meat? It . . . a very nice smell. (negative)

36 The stairs are on fire! You . . . a long rope?

have: various uses
PEG 123

have can meantake (a meal/lesson/bath, etc.),entertain (guests), encounter (difficulty, etc.),enjoy (a time/journey, etc.). When used in these ways:

(a)have usually forms its negative and interrogative withdo.
(b)have can be used in the continuous tenses.

 

Put the correct form ofhave into the following sentences. Useam having, is having, etc., as a future form.

1 We . . . some friends in for dinner tomorrow night.

2 You . . . a good journey yesterday?

3 Don't disturb him; he . . . a rest.

4 We . . . lunch early tomorrow.

5 How many lessons he . . . a week? ~
He usually . . . four.

6 You . . . earthquakes in your country?

7 What time you . . . breakfast? ~
We usually . . . it at 8.00.

8 What you . . . for breakfast? ~
We . . . toast and coffee.

9 Why you . . . a cooked breakfast? (negative) ~
It's too much trouble.

10 Why were they making such a noise? -
They . . . an argument.

11 You . . . a thunderstorm yesterday?

12 Come in, we . . . a debate.

13 You . . . a cup of coffee? ~
Yes, please.

14 We . . . a meeting tomorrow to discuss safety precautions.

15 The tree just missed the roof, we . . . a very lucky escape.

16 How did you damage your car? You . . . an accident?

17 I . . . a look at that house tomorrow. If I like it I'll buy it.

18 We . . . very bad weather just now.

19 I . . . a very interesting conversation with the milkman when my
neighbour interrupted me.

20 English people always . . . roast beef for lunch on Sundays?

21 It is difficult to learn a foreign language when you . . . an
opportunity of speaking it. (negative)

22 The farmers . . . a lot of trouble with foxes at present.

23 On the whole women drivers . . . so many accidents as men drivers.
(negative)

24 You . . . anything to eat before you left home? ~
Oh yes, I . . . bacon and eggs.

25 You . . . any difficulty getting into your flat last night?

26 Are you enjoying yourself? ~
Yes, I . . . a wonderful time.

27 How often he . . . a singing lesson?

28 You . . . a good night? ~
No, I slept very badly.

29 Why were they late?~
They . . . a puncture.

30 We . . . a party here next week. Would you like to come?

31 Why didn't you speak to her? ~
I . . . a chance. (negative)

32 We . . . a lecture next Monday.

33 I . . . tea with her tomorrow.

34 He . . . an operation next week.

35 He ever . . . nightmares?

36 When he got tired of it I . . . a try. ~
You . . . any luck? ~
Yes, I caught a great big fish.

 

Thehave + object + past participle construction
PEG 119

Part I Fill in the spaces by inserting the correct form of have. Use am/is/are having as a future form. (get can be used instead of have, but is more colloquial.)

 

1 I . . . my house painted. That is why there is all this mess.

2 My hair looks dreadful; I think I . . . it set tomorrow.

3 The attic was dark so last year we . . . skylight put in.

4 That dead tree is dangerous. I . . . it cut down tomorrow.

5 We . . . just . . . central heating installed. The house is warm!

6 I can't read Greek so I . . . the documents translated. My nephew is helping with

the translation.

7 . . . you . . . the film developed or did you develop it yourself?

8 Why ...he... all his shoes specially made?
He says that he has to because his feet are different sizes.

9 . . . you . . . your milk delivered or do you go to the shop for it?

10 If you hate cleaning fish why . . . you . . . them cleaned at the
fishmonger's? (negative)

11 How often . . . you . . . your brakes tested?

12 I'm afraid it's rather draughty here but 1... that broken pane replaced tomorrow.

Part 2 Fill in the spaces by inserting the correct form ofhave, the past participle of the verb in brackets and, where necessary, a pronoun.

 

13 Your ankle is very swollen. You'd better . . . it . . . (x-ray)

14 Your roof is leaking, you should . . . it . . . (repair)

15 The trousers are too long; I must . . . (shorten)

16 No one will be able to read your notes. ~
I know; I . . . them . . . (type)

17 That's a good piano but you should . . . it . . . (tune)

18 Why don't you . . . the document . . . ? (photocopy)

19 He didn't like the colour of the curtains so he . . . (dye)

20 He went to a garage to . . . the puncture . . . (mend)

21 His arm was broken so he had to go to hospital to . . . (set)

22 The battery is all right now. I . . . just . . . it . . . (recharge)

23 It's a beautiful photo. I'm going to . . . (enlarge)

24 Be careful of those knives. I . . . just . . . (sharpen)

Part 3 Rewrite the sentences using ahave + object + past participle construction and omitting the words in bold type.
Iemployed a plumber to examine my boiler.
I had my boiler examined.

25I pay a garage to service my car.

26 The tap keeps dripping so I mustsend for a plumber to see to it.

27I paid a watchmaker to clean my watch.

28 An artist is painting her portrait. She . . .

29 Theyarranged for the police to arrest the man.

30 Hepaid a lorry driver to tow the car to a garage.

31 They areemploying builders to build a garage.

32I pay a window cleaner to clean my windows every month.

33 I went to an oculist and he tested my eyes for me.

34 The old gypsy is telling Tom's fortune. Tom . . .

35I asked the fishmonger to open the oystersfor me.

36 Iwent to a jeweller and he pierced my earsfor me.

be
PEG 113-17, 290, 293, 300, 302

This is a general exercise which includes infinitives, subjunctives, conditionals, and some examples of the be + infinitive construction When this last construction or a passive construction is required the second verb is given in brackets at the end of the sentence.
Why are all those dogs wearing harness? ~
They . . . as guide dogs for the blind, (train)
They are being trained as guide dogs for the blind.

Fill the spaces in the following sentences by inserting the correct form of be with, where necessary, the past participle or present or perfect infinitive of the verb in brackets.

 

Remember that, in the passive, be can be used in the continuous tenses.

 

1 They are cutting down all the trees. The countryside . . . (ruin)

2 The Prime Minister . . . a speech tonight, (make)

3 If I . . . you I'd go on to the next exercise.

4 . . . late once is excusable but . . . late every day is not.

5 He ordered that all lights . . . (extinguish)

6 How long you . . . here?

7 My flat was full of dust because the old house just opposite . . . (pull down)

8 He asked where he . . . it. (put)

I told him to put it on the mantelpiece.

9 It . . . difficult to read a newspaper upside down? {Use negative.)

10 You . . . here till I return. That is an order. (stay)

11 He suggests that prominent people . . . to contribute. (ask)

12 Even if you . . . to go on your knees to him I don't think it would make him change his mind.

13 I... on a catering course when I leave school. My parents have arranged it. (go)

14 What is happening now? ~
The injured man . . . out of the arena. (carry)

15 It's better . . . too early than too late.

16 I wish you . . . here. I miss you very much.

17 Why did you leave him behind? You . . . him with you. (Those were your instructions.) (take)

18 She is learning Italian. She . . . by a professor from Milan, (teach)

19 I know I . . . half an hour late yesterday but I . . . half an hour early tomorrow. ~
I'd rather you . . . punctual every day. (see 297)

20 It is impossible . . . right every time.

21 He . . . here by seven but now it's nine and there's no sign of him. (be)

22 They decided that voting papers . . . to all members. (send)

23 There . . . eggs for breakfast tomorrow?

24 If only 1... there! (But I wasn't.)

25 The Queen . . . the new hospital next week. (open)

26 I couldn't see the man who was guiding us and I didn't know where we . . . (take)

27 It . . . a trilogy but in the end the author found that he had only enough material for two volumes, (be)

28 You. . . very angry if I refused?

29 The matter . . . discussed in tomorrow's debate.

30 His mare . . . in tomorrow's race but he said this morning that she was sick and wouldn't be running after all. (run)

31 The house wasn't ready; it still . . . and there were pots of paint an ladders everywhere, (paint)

32 They decided that an expurgated edition . . . for use in schools. (print)

33 His works are immensely popular; they . . . into all the major European languages. (translate)

34 It is high time you . . . in bed.

35 I had my instructions and I knew exactly what I . . . (do)

36 If this report . . . believed, we are going to have a very severe drought.

it is/there is
PEG 67,116-17

Insertit is/there is in the spaces. In some sentences, contracted plural, negative and interrogative forms, or the past or future tense are required.

 

1 What's the time?- ... ... 3.30. ~
And what's the date?~ . . . . . . the 24th.

2 How far... ...toYork?~
. . . . . . 50 miles.

3 ... ... very stormy last night. ~
Yes, ... ... storms all over the country.

4 ... ... freezing very hard. ... ... ...ice on the lake tomorrow.

5 As... ... sunny she decided to take the children to the sea.

6 Why don't you go for a walk? . . . . . . a pity to stay in when . . . . . . so nice outside.

7 ... ... not any shadows because ... ... not any sun.

8 ... ... going to be a bus strike tomorrow. ~
... ... ...all right if ... ... a fine day; but if ... ... wet
... ... ... long queues on the Underground.

9 ... ... not any glass in the windows; that is why . . . . . . so cold in the room.

10 ... ... very wet yesterday; ... ... impossible to go out.

11 ... ...a lot of rain last week. ... ... floods everywhere.

12 ... ...a thick fog last night. ... ... several accidents on the motorway.

13 ... ... foolish to drive fast when ... ... foggy.

14 ... ... difficult to find your way round this town. . . . . . . so many streets all looking exactly alike.

15 Come on, children! ... ... time to get up! ... ... nearly breakfast time.

16 . .. . .. ... lunch time when we get to York, so let's have lunch there.~

No, ... ... not be time for lunch because our train to Edinburgh leaves York at 13.15.

17 ... ...a funny smell here. ... ... turpentine?

18 ... ...all sorts of stories about Robin Hood, but ... ... not known exactly who he was or what he did.

19 ... ... said that if you break a mirror you'll be unlucky for seven years.

20 As he had very bad sight ... ... difficult for him to recognize people.

21 'Can I have a Telegraph, please?' said the customer.
I'm afraid ... ... not any left,' said the newsagent. 'But . . . . . . a Guardian on the rack

beside you. Why not take that? ... ... just as good.'

22 ... ... not necessary to carry your passport everywhere with you but ... ... advisable to carry some document of identity.

23 ... ...a guard outside the door and ... ... bars on the windows.
... ... impossible to escape.

24 ... ...a garage behind the hotel? ~
Yes, but ... ... rather full. I don't think ... ... room for your car.

25 One night . . . . . . a heavy fall of snow which blocked all the roads.
Luckily ... ... plenty of food in the house.

26 ... ...a hotel in the village, so we decided to stay there.
. . . . . . a charming village and I was very happy there, but my children were bored because ... ... nothing to do in the evenings.

27 ... ... five flats in the building—one on each floor. Mine's on the top floor. . . . . . . no lift but ... ... supposed to be good for the figure to run up and down stairs, . . . . . .?

28 ... ...a pity you haven't another bedroom. ~
Yes, but ... ... quite a big loft, which I am thinking of turning into a bedroom. . . . . . .

a skylight so ... ... not . . . a ventilation problem.

29 ... ...all sorts of legends about these caves. ... ... said that smugglers hid their goods here and that . . . . . . an underground passage leading to the village inn.

30 Tell me something about King Lear. ~
. .. . ..
the story of a king who divided his kingdom between his daughters. ... ... foolish to give away your property like that. . . . . . . never certain that your family will behave generously to you in return.

31 Has Tom any more children?~
Yes. . . . . , . a daughter, Ann. ~
Oh yes, ... ... Ann who opened the door to us yesterday, . . . . . .?

32 He thought that ... ... better to say nothing about his change of plan.

33 . .. ...a long time before I got an answer. Then one day a letter arrived—well, ... ... not really a letter, for ... ... only one sentence on the paper.

34 ... ...a pond beside your house?— Yes, . . . . . . ~
How deep . . . . . .?

35 We've done all we can. ... ... nothing to do now but wait.

36 Just cross out that word and goon.... ... not necessary to begin again.

(or... ...no need to begin again.)

can andbe able
PEG 136-8

Part I can, used to express ability withcould, shall/will be able

 

Fill the following spaces, using can for present, could for past and shall/will be able for future. There is no need to use other able form in this section. Put to where necessary before the infinitives.

1 . . . you stand on your head?~
I . . . when I was at school but I . . . now. (2nd verb negative)

2 When I've passed my driving test I . . . hire a car from our local garage.

3 At the end of the month the Post Office will send him an enormous telephone bill which he . . . pay. (negative)

4 I . . . remember the address, (negative) ~
. . .
you even remember the street? (negative)

5 Wh


Date: 2015-12-11; view: 1182


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