THE CHANGING ROLES OF MEN AND WOMEN IN THE WORKPLACE
The workplace roles of men and women are changing as (1)___________ numbers of women
continue to enter (2)____________ employment, receive (3)____________ into higher
management, and start their own businesses. Although men and women are now used to
working together in nearly every industry, research suggests that both (4)___________ still
have different perceptions of and (5)___________ to workplace issues and (6)____________
Today's (7)____________ business environment requires strong networking and
(8)____________ skills. Although these are (9)____________ that women have traditionally
(10)____________ , all managers and employees are now becoming more skilled at dealing with
people one-on-one. (11)____________ , as organizations become more flexible, the ability to
build relationships rather than issue commands—often seen as one of women's strengths—is a
skill that both men and women must (12)____________ in order to succeed.
In the past, women—more often than men—tended to take time off from the
(13)____________ to handle family crises, such as caring for a sick child or helping an elderly
parent. These days, family leave policies for both fathers and mothers are (14)__________
that both parents have the time to bond with a new baby. Other family-friendly policies, such as
flextime, are also giving mothers and fathers (15)___________ to schedule work and family
(16)____________ as needed so they can share care-giving responsibilities.
The changing roles of men and women at work can be especially (17)___________
for companies active in (18)___________ markets, where gender roles may differ.
(19)____________ these challenges, companies clearly benefit from the professional
(20)____________ between men and women.
Adapted from William M. Pride, Robert J. Hughes, and Jack R. Kapoor,
Business, 7th ed. (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2002), 310.
Essential Academic Vocabulary
Match the verbs in column A with their meanings in column B.
9. 10. 11, 12. 13. 14. 15.
illustrate a. give attention to a specific activity
decline b. foretell a future event
hypothesize c. connect
predict d. keep out
retain e. change
concentrate f. produce a book
exclude g. decrease
imply h. make as great as possible
link i. give a possible explanation
maximize j. make a statement
publish k. show the meaning by giving examples
alter I. keep
access m. put a plan into operation
implement n. locate data in a computer
comment o. communicate indirectly
Odd Word Out
Cross out the word in each line that does NOT have a similar meaning to the other three words.
1. chore, task, job, core
2. constraints, conspiracy, scheme, plot
3. objective, goal, plan, access
4. attention, convention, emphasis, stress
5. method, location, technique, manner
6. first, corresponding, initial, beginning
7. size, mechanism, measurement, dimension
8. center, core, comment, middle
9. dependence, trust, document, reliance
10. restraint, validity, restriction, constraint
Chapter 10 • Review
4. Word Forms
Give the adjective forms of the following words.
Combine a word from column A with a word from column B to form a common collocation. Then match the two-word collocation with its definition.
2. 3. 4. 5. 6, 7. 8. 9. 10.
a show presented every week at the same time
a guaranteed postal delivery service
an examination of numerical data
the lowest age allowed for a specific activity
classes that are not required
a yearly convention of company managers
a search by police
a large global company
the different values of two specific age groups
106 Essential Academic Vocabulary
6. Word Parts
Combine a word part from the prefix column with a word in the phrase column to complete a common collocation or expression.
.requisite course .mum wage
.media presentation .bus ride
jauptial agreement .shrunk jeans
jmeditated murder .lateral talks .school group
-purpose room _mature baby Jingual speaker -historic remains _plex theater _story parking garage _cooked food -fabricated house -ethnic neighborhood
For more activities related to this chapter, go to the
Essential Academic Vocabulary website.
1. What kinds of emotions can you recognize on the people's faces in these photographs? Are they positive or negative emotions? How can you differentiate a positive emotion from a negative emotion?
2. How good are you at reading people's feelings from their expressions? Have you ever misread someone's expression? What was the consequence of your mistake?
3. Which facial expressions of emotions are universal? Which ones are learned through social and cultural experience?
4. Are you aware of any facial expressions that have different meanings in different cultures? Demonstrate them and explain their meanings.
5. What happens to your face when you smile? Do all smiles have the same meaning?
6. What is the connection among facial expressions, culture, and language? Do all cultures have words to express the same emotions? Is it possible to make a precise translation of emotions into another language?
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