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THE CHANGING ROLES OF MEN AND WOMEN IN THE WORKPLACE

The workplace roles of men and women are changing as (1)___________ numbers of women

continue to enter (2)____________ employment, receive (3)____________ into higher

management, and start their own businesses. Although men and women are now used to

working together in nearly every industry, research suggests that both (4)___________ still

have different perceptions of and (5)___________ to workplace issues and (6)____________

Today's (7)____________ business environment requires strong networking and

(8)____________ skills. Although these are (9)____________ that women have traditionally

(10)____________ , all managers and employees are now becoming more skilled at dealing with

people one-on-one. (11)____________ , as organizations become more flexible, the ability to

build relationships rather than issue commands—often seen as one of women's strengths—is a
skill that both men and women must (12)____________ in order to succeed.

In the past, women—more often than men—tended to take time off from the

(13)____________ to handle family crises, such as caring for a sick child or helping an elderly

parent. These days, family leave policies for both fathers and mothers are (14)__________

that both parents have the time to bond with a new baby. Other family-friendly policies, such as

flextime, are also giving mothers and fathers (15)___________ to schedule work and family

(16)____________ as needed so they can share care-giving responsibilities.

The changing roles of men and women at work can be especially (17)___________

for companies active in (18)___________ markets, where gender roles may differ.

(19)____________ these challenges, companies clearly benefit from the professional

(20)____________ between men and women.

Adapted from William M. Pride, Robert J. Hughes, and Jack R. Kapoor, Business, 7th ed. (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2002), 310.


Essential Academic Vocabulary


2. Synonyms

Match the verbs in column A with their meanings in column B.

Column B

Column A

1. 2, 3. 4. 5, 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11, 12. 13. 14. 15.

illustrate a. give attention to a specific activity

decline b. foretell a future event

hypothesize c. connect

predict d. keep out

retain e. change

concentrate f. produce a book

exclude g. decrease

imply h. make as great as possible

link i. give a possible explanation

maximize j. make a statement

publish k. show the meaning by giving examples

alter I. keep

access m. put a plan into operation

implement n. locate data in a computer

comment o. communicate indirectly


3. Odd Word Out

Cross out the word in each line that does NOT have a similar meaning to the other three words.

1. chore, task, job, core

2. constraints, conspiracy, scheme, plot

3. objective, goal, plan, access

4. attention, convention, emphasis, stress

5. method, location, technique, manner

6. first, corresponding, initial, beginning

7. size, mechanism, measurement, dimension



8. center, core, comment, middle

9. dependence, trust, document, reliance
10. restraint, validity, restriction, constraint


Chapter 10 • Review



4. Word Forms

Give the adjective forms of the following words.

 

Noun Adjective Noun Adjective
sufficiency si/ff/cMitt corporation  
ethics   profession  
globe   occupation  
specification   validity  
technology   precision  
statistics   hypothesis  
philosophy   dominancy  
interaction   circumstance  

s. Collocations

Combine a word from column A with a word from column B to form a common collocation. Then match the two-word collocation with its definition.


Column A

minimum

annual

multinational

registered

television


generation

optional

criminal

statistical

physical


 

Column B
series analysis
courses exercise
8*P mail
investigation age
corporation meeting

 


1.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6, 7. 8. 9. 10.


a show presented every week at the same time

a guaranteed postal delivery service

an examination of numerical data

the lowest age allowed for a specific activity

classes that are not required

a yearly convention of company managers

active sports

a search by police

a large global company

the different values of two specific age groups

 

 

106 Essential Academic Vocabulary

6. Word Parts

Combine a word part from the prefix column with a word in the phrase column to complete a common collocation or expression.


mini

multi pre


pre,

WKM


.requisite course .mum wage

.media presentation .bus ride

jauptial agreement .shrunk jeans

.ature railway

jmeditated murder .lateral talks .school group


.rnize problems

-purpose room _mature baby Jingual speaker -historic remains _plex theater _story parking garage _cooked food -fabricated house -ethnic neighborhood


 


t.


http://www.college.hrnco.com/esl/students


For more activities related to this chapter, go to the Essential Academic Vocabulary website.



 


 



 

 

 

WORD LIST


 


 

Noun
Adverb

Adjective

awareness
abandon
ermore
furth

analogous

 

capacity comprise capable intrinsically
conflict convey definite likewise
deviation deduce flexible  
display denote fundamental  
equivalent detect identical  
generation differentiate marginal  
norm distort mental  
notion evolve modifiable  
style exhibit qualitative  
  facilitate    
  pose    
  reveal    
  simulate    



hSSENI


\/n


 


PREVIEW QUESTIONS

1. What kinds of emotions can you recognize on the people's faces in these photographs? Are they positive or negative emotions? How can you differentiate a positive emotion from a negative emotion?

2. How good are you at reading people's feelings from their expressions? Have you ever misread someone's expression? What was the consequence of your mis­take?

3. Which facial expressions of emotions are universal? Which ones are learned through social and cultural experience?


 

4. Are you aware of any facial expressions that have dif­ferent meanings in different cultures? Demonstrate them and explain their meanings.

5. What happens to your face when you smile? Do all smiles have the same meaning?

6. What is the connection among facial expressions, cul­ture, and language? Do all cultures have words to express the same emotions? Is it possible to make a precise translation of emotions into another lan­guage?


 


Reading


Date: 2015-12-11; view: 1251


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