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Correspondence College

A college that prepares students for examination by means of correspondence, the student working at home and sending his work to the college by post for assessment and return.

County school

A state school provided and maintained in a county by the LEA. Compare voluntary school.

The eleven-plus

An examination for entrance to secondary school taken by children aged about 11 at the end of their time at primary school. It was formerly widespread, but became obsolete when comprehensive schools were introduced in the late 1960s and early 1970s. It is now operated only by a few LEAs.

Fifth form/year

A class in a secondary school in the year in which the students will usually take the GCSE examination. Such students will be in their fifth year at the school, having entered at the age of 11.

Grammar school

A state secondary school offering a more academic education than a comprehensive school. There are now very few schools of this type.

High school

A term used for some grammar schools for boys and in particular for many secondary schools for girls (Almost all the 24 girls’ public schools operated by the Girls’ Public Day School Trust have ‘High School’ as part of their name).

Independent school

A fee-paying school, usually a public school or preparatory school, that operates outside the state system. Many such schools are long established and have gained a reputation for their high standards; however, only approximately 7 % of all school children attend independent schools. See also private schools.

Infant school

A school for very young children from the age of five, when compulsory education begins, to seven. See also first school.

Kindergarten

An alternative term for a nursery school, especially a private one.

Lower school

A term occasionally used for the junior classes of a secondary school. Today such classes are often organized as middle school.

Polytechnic

A college that offered a wide range of courses at further education or higher education level, with some courses leading to a degree. By 1993 all polytechnics had become universities, with some changing their name to avoid confusion with existing universities. Thus Leicester Polytechnic became De Montfort University (named after Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, who ruled England in the 13th century), to avoid confusion with Leicester University.

Pre-preparatory school

An independent school that prepares children aged 5 to 7 for entry to a preparatory school.

Preparatory school

An independent (fee-paying) school for children aged (usually) 7 to 13. Many are boarding schools and for boys only (aged 7-13) or girls only (7-11) and some form a junior department of a public school. Most pupils go on from a preparatory school to a public school by taking the Common Entrance examination (providing education ‘preparatory’ to a public school).

Primary school



A junior state school for children aged (usually) 5 to 11, after which they pass to a secondary school. Some children of this age group, however, attend a first school or middle school.

Private school

An independent (fee-paying) school such as a preparatory school, as distinct from a state (non-fee-paying) school. The finances of such schools are often controlled by a charitable trust. Most public schools are in fact private schools, although the term is not generally used in order to avoid confusion.


Date: 2015-12-11; view: 1084


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