1. Work in pairs. Look at the picture with parts of the body asking each other questions Why do we need an (elbow)? and explain their functions. Then show and name all body parts that are not marked in the picture (you may use ex.1 from the Vocabulary Practice Section if you can not remember any).
2. Go round the class and ask everybody one of the questions below. Summarise the information you get and in short present it to the class.
- What are the most useful parts of our body?
- What body part is the weakest?
- What part of the body is the ugliest?
- What part of the body is the most beautiful?
- What parts of the body are easily injured?
- What part of your body would you like to change?
- What three adjectives would you use to describe the human body?
V. Grammar Check
In Column A of this table there are nouns relating to medicine. For each of the nouns decide whether the correct plural form is in Column B or Column C and then circle it. The first question has been done for you as an example.
1.1 Complete these words. The first letter is given. They are all parts of the body.
1. t . (you have one on each hand)
2. l . (two parts of your mouth)
3. e . (you hear with these)
4. g . (your teeth grow in them)
5. e . (the middle part of your arm)
6. s ..(the part under your foot)
7. h .. (Achilles had a problem with this)
8. k ..(a joint in your leg)
9. c ...(the part below your mouth)
10. s .(the soft part below your waist)
11. n .(it holds up your head)
12. s .(the row of bones down the centre of your back)
13. w (you put your watch round it)
14. n .. (the small hollow place in the centre of your stomach)
15. c . (you have one on each side of your face)
16. e . (the flap that comes down over your eye while you sleep)
17. n . (the holes in your nose)
18. s . (the front part of your lower leg)
19. f . (the part of your face above your eyes)
20. t ...(the front part of your neck)
1.2 Translate the text into Ukrainian
Body parts are external or internal. External body parts are outside parts of your body such as an arm, eye, ear or nose. Internal body parts are inside of you such as heart, lungs or kidneys. All parts of the body play a special role in how our body works.
Hearts pump blood through our body. Vessels (tubes, veins) are connected to the heart. These tubes take the blood to all parts of body.
Our lungs help us breathe. Lungs take oxygen from the air into the blood and carbon dioxide from the blood into the air.
Muscles contract and relax to help us move.
Bones are hard parts of our body. They help hold our body up. Bones protect the internal parts (organs) of our body.
Kidneys take out bad things from our blood and change them into urine.
Our brain controls all parts of our body. It helps us think.
The stomach is where our food goes. It breaks our food into small pieces so that our blood can take nutrients from the food. Food gives us energy and keeps us strong.
A joint is where two bones meet. Joints have cartilage (a soft material) in them so that the hard bones can move easily.
1.3 Translate the text into English
INTERNAL BODY ORGANS
I. Vocabulary Practice
1. Match nouns relating to the human body with their definition
a) Any of the blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart to all parts of the body
b) The muscular organ inside the chest that pumps blood through the body
c) The red liquid that flows throughout the bodies of humans
d) One of the blood vessels through which the blood flows to the heart from all parts of the body
e) Blood vessels that joins the end of an artery to the beginning of a vein
f) A sac attached to the liver, in which extra bile is stored until needed
g) The passage for food from the mouth to travel to the stomach
h) The lower part of the intestine, including the appendix, colon, and rectum
i) A pear-shaped organ in which food passes from the mouth and throat to begin the process of digestion
j) A large reddish-brown organ that helps the body absorb food
k) A gland near the stomach that helps digestion
l) The slender part extending from the stomach to the large intestine that completes the digestion of food
m) Bones that form the backbone
n) A basin-shaped structure in the skeleton
o) The main part of the system of tubes by which air passes to and from the lungs to make breathing possible
p) One of the pair of organs for breathing found in the chest. It takes in oxygen from the air and remove carbon dioxide from the blood
q) A thick, cordlike bundle of nerves along which messages travel to and from the brain
r) A tube-shaped sac attached to and opening into the lower end of the large intestine
s) Each of a pair of organs in the abdominal cavity that excrete urine
t) Tubes in the body through which blood circulates
u) The main artery of the body, supplying oxygenated blood to the circulatory system
v) An abdominal organ involved in the production and removal of blood cells
w) A muscular sac in the abdomen which receives urine from the kidneys and stores it for excretion
2. Complete labelling the picture
3. Do the crossword puzzle
1. either of the milk-producing parts of a woman
6. conducts blood away from the heart
7. part of the body that includes the bowels
8. of or for the teeth
9. a large box or part of the body
10. any one of the twelve pairs of curved bones in the chest
12. a tree or part of the hand
16. flat sea-fish with a delicate flavour or under surface of the foot
17. a flower or part of the eye (use the diagram of the eye in the Reading Section)
18. movable cover for the teapot or flap of skin that covers the eye
19. for hearing
1. organ shaped like a bag in which urine collects
2. one of five on your foot
3. the part of the body from the shoulder to hand
4. conducts impulses from the brain
5. for seeing
9. a young cow or part of the leg
11. fills your veins
12. a schoolboy or part of the eye
13. a large organ which produces bile and cleans the blood
14. conducts blood back to the heart
15. for smelling
4. Match the idioms with their explanations given below.
a) terrified or horrified
c) to ignore smth
e) to react angrily
g) weak and cowardly
b) to have an intuition about smth
d) to ask for information or advice from someone who knows more about a subject
f) on the surface only, not having any deep or honest meaning
5. Substitute the idioms from exercise 4 for the italicized word and word combinations in the sentences below.
1. I know I annoyed her, but she didnt have to object so violently.
2. He hates cowardly politicians and permissive judges.
3. Governments often pay no attention to corruption.
4. People often ask for my advice on the forum.
5. I was terrified when I saw the poison spider on my shoulder.
6. I believe that the speakers interest in the environment is shallow.
7. I feel strongly that I am not going to pass my English exam.