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First-person narratives

 

 

WRITING

Write an essay describing a memorable story happened in your life which is supposed to be written in the first person (first-person narratives). Learn the notes below how to write narrative stories.

 

WRITING NOTES

Writing a good story either in the first or third person means describing a sequence of events in an interesting, lively way. A good story should consist of:

Introduction

Set the scene (who– where – when – what) in an interesting way to help the reader imagine the scene and want to continue reading.

Main body

Development (two or more paragraphs in which you develop your story presenting the events in the order that they happened).

Conclusion

Ending (where you say what happened at the end and refer to people's feelings, final comments or reactions).

Points to remember:

· Never start writing your composition before deciding on the plot.

· Use time words (before, until, then, next, lastly) to make the sequence of events clear.

· Use Direct and Reported Speech to make your story lively.

· Use various adjectives (horrified, terrific, puzzled) and adverbs (absolutely, extremely, desperately) to stress feelings and actions. This will make your story more interesting.

e.g. instead of: John is a good boy with nice ideas you can write:

John is a great boy with brilliant ideas.

· Use a variety of verbs such as wondered, screamed, whispered, etc to avoid using "said" all the time.

e.g. instead of: "Help!” he said you can write: “Help!” he screamed.

· Use similes i.e. expressions which describe people or things by comparing them to someone or something else.

e.g. She ran like the wind. He was as quiet as a mouse.

· Use present or past participles to join two simple sentences into one longer, more sophisticated sentence

e.g. instead of: He turned on the light. He saw someone in the room.

you can write: Turning on the light, he saw someone in the room.

instead of: She was relieved. She left the police station. you can write:

Relieved, she left the police station.

 

Techniques to start your story

 

An interesting beginning is as important as an interesting ending. An interesting beginning will catch the reader's attention and make him/her want to continue reading. A good ending will make him/her feel satisfied.

You can START your story by:

a) using your senses to settle scene and describe the weather, atmosphere, surroundings or people's actions to create mystery or suspense.

e.g. I could hear the wind howling around me. It was quite dark that night and it felt strange to be out in the wilderness all alone.

b) using direct speech. e.g.” Always look on the bright side of life, kids”, Mr Frisbain used to tell us.

c) asking a rhetorical question. i.e. a question that does not require an answer.

e.g. Have you ever travelled by train on a warm summer night?

d) addressing the reader directly. e.g. I am sure you all know what a bargain is.



e) referring to your feelings or moods. e.g. I was exhausted because I had been painting wall all day.

 

Techniques to end your story

You can end your story by:

a) using direct speech. e.g. “Thank you, sir”, the boy said to me.

b) referring to your feelings or moods. e.g. We were shivering but we were happy to have made it.

c) asking a rhetorical question. e.g. 'Why did I have to suffer so much?”

d) describing people's reactions to/feelings about the events developed in the main body. e.g. My brother had become the hero of the day and I was extremely proud.

 

MODEL


Date: 2015-04-20; view: 905


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