Following the period of heavy rainfall, water levels have risen dramatically. Mountain rivers have already flooded hundreds of villages and the big rivers of the region (1) the same any minute. The
moment waster level (2)____ above 'danger level', the people from the
areas bordering the rivers (3)____ .
Tonight, an emergency task force set up by five countries of the
region. (4)___ a possible aid plan for the flooded areas. They have been
co-ordinating all the rescue operations: 2,500 rescue teams, including
psychologists, (5)___ by the end of this week. The psychologists (6)_____
the most distressed families to offer counselling and help develop effective stress-coping strategies.
However, the most important things now are food and water. The rescue operation co-ordinator said today: 'Fresh waster (7)_______________ be provided to the flooded areas to prevent water-borne diseases from spreading. If we (8)__ people save water and food, we (9)_____________ be facing an epidemic very soon".
Experts say that the flood (10)_____ prevented after the disaster
that struck this part of Europe in 1997. An anonymous expert said
today: 'The flood (11)___ predicted — it was clear from meteorological
evidence that very heavy and long-lasting rain (12)_____ over central Europe. I think people (13)____________________ warned and it was certainly possible to in-
troduce more protection measures. If this (14)__________ done, we (15)___ at
least some of the tragedy.
b) may have done
d) must have done
d) will be rising
b)will have evacuated
will be evacuated
will be discussing b) will have discussed
d) have discussed
will be sending
b) will have been sent
will be meeting
b) will have met
will be met
d) are meeting
b) won't give
d) wouldn't give
b) should be
could have been
should have been
b) can't have been
must have been
is going to fall
b) was going to fall
d) will be falling
should have been
b) should be
may have been
d) will be falling
b) have been
b) would have avoided
Keys: 1 a, 2 b, 3 c, 4a, 5 b, 6 a, 7 b, 8 c, 9 a, 10 c, 11 a, 12 b, 13 a,
14 b, 15 b.
Work in pairs
Discuss these questions.
1. What organizations do you know that provide aid after disasters or work for the environment?
2. What can we do as individuals to improve the environment and help victims of natural disasters?
To write a composition 'What can we do as individuals to improve the environment?'
Task 1. . Learn the Focus Vocabulary on page 243, (Fastovets). Make sure that you pronounce and spell all the words in a correct way.
Task 4. Match sentences 1-10 with a second sentence A-J. Use the key words in bold to help you.
1. A lot of people are allergic to nuts.
2. Many people do not trust genetically modified foods.
3. Organic vegetables are more expensive but are better for you.
4. We refuse to eat battery chickens.
5. We prefer to eat free range meats.
6. The harvest has been very bad this year.
7. Following the floods in Mozambique, there was a terrible scarcity of food.
8. There has been an outbreak of salmonella, listeria and other food poisoning in Perth.
9. Too many people don't eat a balanced diet.
10. Fast food is very popular.
A. This is because they are cultivated naturally, without using any chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
B. There wasn't enough to feed everyone affected by the disaster.
C. They are not sure that altering the composition of cells to change certain characteristics is safe.
D. It's good to know that the animals were given enough space to express their natural behaviour.
E. Terrible weather conditions have prevented the crops from ripening and reduced the yield.
F. A lot of people are in hospital as a result.
G. Unfortunately, a diet of burgers, pizzas and fried chicken is not very healthy
H. They physically react very badly.
I. This is because they spend their life confined in a small cage.
J. They don't consume sufficient quantities of the different food groups.
Task 5. Now complete this article with one of the words from the previous exercises. In some cases, more than one answer may be possible. You may need to change some of the word forms.
Most children enjoy eating 1 ______, but scientific tests have shown us that burgers and pizzas can lack essential 2 _____and 3_______ , which are essential for health and growth, while simultaneously containing large amounts of 4_______ and 5________ which can result in obesity and heart problems. Many children end up suffering from 6 ________, since they eat too much of the wrong sort of food. In fact, in many areas of the developed world, a lot of children show similar symptoms to those in poorer developing countries, where 7_________ of food causes thousands of deaths from starvation, especially in the wake of natural disasters which ruin crops and in some cases totally destroy the annual 8_______. Dieticians tell us that we must eat a 9 _________, as it is essential we consume sufficient quantities of the different food groups. They tell us that we should all eat more 10 ________, which cannot be digested by the body, and fewer foods which are high in 11 _________, as this can block the walls of arteries and lead to heart problems. This is good advice, of course, but our lifestyles often make this difficult. Many of the ready-prepared foods we buy from supermarkets are high in 12 _________, giving us more energy than we actually need. 13________ foods are appearing on our supermarket shelves, even though nobody is really sure if altering the composition of food cells is safe. We have the option, of course, of buying 14_________ foods, but naturally-cultivated fruits and vegetables are expensive. And to make matters worse, we are continually hearing about outbreaks of
15 __________and 16 _______which put us off eating certain foods, as nobody wants to spend time in hospital suffering from 17 _________. A few things to watch out for next time you go shopping. If you have the time and the money, that i