Exercise 6. Translate the following sentences into Russian.
1. When I was a child I couldn’t understand adults, and now that I am an adult I can’t understand children. 2. It may rain. You’d better take a coat.
3. You should wear this dress for the occasion.
4. How many contracts are you to sign?
5. You shouldn’t have eaten too much chocolate.
6. He must have been waiting for us since morning.
7. Ann didn’t answer the doorbell, she may have been in the bath.
8. Can she have done it?
9.You might have given your child more attention.
10. Would you like to invite your friend to the cinema?
11. I’d rather had lived in the nineteenth century.
12. Shall we leave now?
13. She can’t have forgotten to post your letter.
14. I couldn’t have carried this case on my own. Somebody helped me.
15. He can’t have failed to finish his report.
16. She shouldn’t have ridden the horse so fast.
17. You’d better not go out in the street at night.
18. You ought not to touch the letter.
19. You must consult the specialist in any case.
20. Could you have lost your passport?
Exercise 7. CAN/COULD/BE ABLE TO. Fill in:
1. They had fish hooks so they ____ catch fish.
2. The raft is so small we ____ lie down comfortably.
3. Jane has got two books so she ____ read any of them.
4. They didn’t have any shampoo so they ____ wash their hair.
5. When the ship disappeared, Mary cried and cried. She ____ stop crying.
6. They won’t ____ to drive a car until they are eighteen.
7. ____ they hear it before they saw it?
8. When she was a baby, she ____ only cry.
9. You ____ enter the club without a card.
10. You ____ do it even if you tried.
11. He used to ____ speak Italian well.
12. Cheques ____ be accepted only with a bank card.
13. You ____ easily have done it.
14. In two weeks you will ____ speak another language.
15. I stepped aside so that she ____ go in.
16. The news ____ be true! I don’t believe you.
17. We ____ have driven to the city in two hours if we hadn’t stopped for lunch.
18. As the ship entered the harbour, we ____ see the Statue of Liberty.
Exercise 8. HAVE TO/ MUST. Fill in:
1. You can stay out late if you like. You ____ come home early.
2. He might ____ take his younger brother out to football match.
3. The bus came on time so we ____ wait long at the bus stop.
4. The rules for basketball say:
a) you ____ run while holding the ball;
b) you ____ bounce the ball while you run;
c) you ____ stand holding the ball for as long as you like;
d) you ____ do something within five seconds.
5. We read a long poem in the class yesterday. It was boring. I’m glad we ____ learn it by heart.
6. Jack has already cleaned his bicycle so he ____ do it tomorrow.
7. You ____ be here by 9.00 if you want to be sure of a seat.
8. You ____ walk on the grass!
9. Once or twice we lost our way and ____ ask a policeman for directions.
10. You ____ put your entry into the box before Friday if you want to enter the contest.
Exercise 9. MUSTN’T / SHOULDN’T / NEEDN’T. Fill in:
1. You ____ think about the future and not about the past.
2. You ____ have a visa to travel to some countries.
3. However, if you come from an EEC country and you want to travel to another one, you ____ worry about visas. You ____ even take your passport.
4. If you are traveling by air, you ____ carry anything in your luggage that could be used as a weapon, such as a knife or a pair of scissors.
5. You ____ use your energy unless you have to.
6. Books ____ be returned on or before the date stamped below. 7. They look alike. They ____ be twins.
8. Do you know how it ____ be done?
9. If Jane ____ phone, ask her to wait for us.
10. You ____ walk alone around the town late at night.
11. We ____ have taken a wrong map.
12. I think you ____ have told her you were sorry.
13. We ____ have done the work so quickly. We could have taken our time.
Exercise 10. MUST / MAY/ MIGHT. Fill in:
1. ____ I borrow your ruler?
2. It isn’t certain, but he ____ be a millionaire in two years’ time.
3. That ____ be Charlie. He said he would be here about now.
4. You ____ make a little less noise.
5. Jane ____ still be in her office, but she usually leaves before six.
6. The house repairs ____ cost more than the house is worth.
7. It was so quiet than one ____ hear a leaf drop.
8. Nobody ____ leave the hall before the exam has finished.
9. He himself gave me the directions so they ____ be right.
10. You were lucky. You ____ have broken your neck, Jim.
11. There ____ be a heavy frost during the night.
12. You must drive on the left in England.
13. There ____ be a leak in this football; otherwise it wouldn’t get soft so quickly.
14. She noticed that she ____ be late.
15. He ____ be clever, but he hasn’t got much common sense.
16. George ____ be strong: he can lift heavy weights.
17. ____ the New Year bring everybody their heart desires.
Exercise 11. TO BE TO /TO HAVE TO/ MUST. Fill in:
1. Uncle Nick’s things __ to be moved out of his room so that it could be redecorated.
2. For the next few weeks I __ to stay in bed. Everyone came to visit me and I __ (not) to do the cooking.
3. The chief engineer who __ to work for General Motors had not arrived yet. 4. They went to see Mabel’s new house. Mabel said that only the last touches __ to be added and she __ to move into it quite soon.
5. That day I had my agent waiting to see me after his business trip to Italy and I __ to cut my visitor short.
6. Both sisters __ have been ashamed of having spoken as they had in front of a third person.
7. But at last he rose realiszing dully that there was work which he __ to do.
8. a) He looks very tired. He __ have been working since breakfast.
b) He __ to work hard to earn at least something to provide for his family.
9. You __ take the dog away. I won’t have it here any longer.
Exercise 13.Translate into English the parts of the sentences given in brackets using modal verbs.
1.I know he (ìîã áû) read classics. He (íå îáÿçàòåëüíî) change to something else. 2. If you help me now I (ìîæåò áûòü ñìîãó) help you later. 3. (Ìîãó ëè ÿ ñäåëàòü) as I like or (ÿ äîæíà äåëàòü) as you like? 4. "Now listen to me!" he said; "I'll tell you a few things that you (äîëæåí áûë áû ñïðîñèòü) before starting out." 5. If your mother calls, tell her I (âîçìîæíî ïðèäåòñÿ) be a little late. 6. When you came here I told you you were free to come and go as you please, but you (íå äîëæíà áûëà íàâåùàòü) Old Tante. 7. "I shall wait to hear what Lily (ìîæåò) say about it." "You (ìîæåò áûòü ïðèäåòñÿ) wait a long time." 8. Mr Zappa, the carrier (äîëæåí áûë çàåõàòü) for me in the morning at nine o'clock. 9. That book was one of those that one (äîëæåí áûë áû ïðî÷èòàòü). 10. Somebody has been talking; (êòî áû ýòî ìîã áûòü)? 11. (Íåçà÷åì áûëî âîëíîâàòüñÿ), everything has turned out all right. 12. Frequently he (ìîæíî áûëî çàñòàòü) in the garden bent over his flowers. 13.1 believe he was always afraid they (ìîãóò ïîñìåÿòüñÿ) at him.