Articulation: Look at the diagram. The tongue is in the central part of the mouth. The front of the tongue is raised to the back of the hard palate just above the fully open position. No contact is made between the tongue and the upper teeth. The tongue is lax. The jaws are considerably separated. The lips are neutrally open. The vowel is short.
(A25) Listen and then say the sound.
[Λ] is usually spelled:
u (in an open syllable), ou, o - bus colour come cup front London luck Monday month mother much nothing number run study sun uncle under
· Listen and say these sentences.
1 Good luck with your exam next month!
2 Take the number one bus.
3 I said 'Come on Monday', not 'Come on Sunday'.
4 My brother's studying in London.
Ex 5. Read and transcribe:
funny - farmer
hut - heart
much - March
hunter - harder
cup - carp
hug - huge
just - June
us - use
luck - Luke
cut - cute
Home task to Lesson 3.
I. Transcribe the following words. Pronounce the phrases in a proper way.
It isn't easy being sixteen. It's a time of conflicting feelings and desires. You want to go out and have fun, have a social life, have a boyfriend or girlfriend, maybe start a serious relationship. At the same time, important public exams are clouding the horizon and your school work is becoming more and more demanding. At home, you want your parents to treat you like an adult yet you still depend on them for money, food and practical help. It's also a time when friendships can be unstable as you experiment with your own self-image. You may feel a sense of loss as you drop old friends or are yourself dropped by them. These feelings of pressure and conflict at school, at home and amongst your peers are not generally helped by those tactless adults who tell you to "make the most of the best years of your life because it's all downhill after you leave school."
The fact is that 16-year-olds today are a lot busier than those adults were 30 or 40 years ago. You seek your pleasures more actively and cram a lot more into your lives. You're impossibly busy trying to get homework done, revising for a science test, playing in a match, rehearsing for a play, looking your best for your new boyfriend / girlfriend and go to a friend 's party. Many of you are trying to solve your constant money shortage by doing a part-time job. At the same time, your parents are suddenly expecting more help from you at home, with washing-up, baby-sitting and other domestic duties. You realize that you have to establish priorities, but you find it hard, especially when your parents want to do it for you.
It is the difference between your own and your parents' priorities that makes family life explosive when you're sixteen. Many parents don't worry too much about whether their child is popular, having a good social life or going out with friends. Instead they emphasize the importance of doing well at school and getting good exam results. You know that they're right, up to a point - that you have to have qualifications to get anywhere in this competitive world. But at the same time you realize that however brilliantly you do in your exams, you won't be happy if you haven't got any friends. You also know that if you don't collect new experience, and take social and emotional risks, you will not become an independent and self-reliant adult.
Sex can be another cause of conflict between 16-year-olds and their parents. At 16 it becomes legal in Britain for heterosexuals to have sex. However, this legal milestone does not bring with it a sense of liberation for all teenagers. For those who are shy with the opposite sex and don't have a boyfriend /girlfriend, it can actually cause a feeling of failure. Those who do not want a sexual relationship face practical difficulties. Quite apart from a fairly prevalent fear of AIDS, there are very few 16-year-olds whose parents allow them to bring their boyfriend /girlfriend home for the night. For gays, the problem is worse. Gay sex is not legal in Britain until eighteen, and it takes great courage for a 16- year-old to speak openly about being gay to friends and family.
What words of comfort or useful advice can we give to teenagers? You, not your parents, must decide on your priorities even if you won’t always make the right choices. Keep your options open by balancing school work, sexual life, relationships and hobbies. Living with your parents won't last for ever. So while you're with them, make the most of not having to pay electricity and heating bills. Enjoy having a fridge full of food and your laundry done for you. And remember being 16 only lasts a year.
From “English Reader’s Digest
I. Find in the text the Russian for:
to go out; to have a social life; to treat somebody like an adult; unstable friendships; a sense of loss; to cram a lot into smb's life; to solve constant money shortage; to establish priorities; to collect new experiences; to cause a feeling of failure; it takes great courage.
II. Match the adjectives on the left with the nouns on the right accbrding to the text.
social and emotional
feelings and desires
IV. Choose the correct answer or explanation.
1. 16-year-olds prefer
a) doing a part-time job.
b) washing, baby-sitting and other domestic duties.
c) going out and having fun, having a social life, starting a serious relationship.
2. At home 16-year-old boys and girls want their parents to treat them like
c) elderly people.
3. Young people may feel a sense of loss as they
a) drop all friends or are dropped by them.
b) make acquaintance with new people.
c) decide on their own priorities.
4. Many young people are trying to solve their constant money shortage by
b) doing a part-time job.
c) asking their parents for money constantly.
5. When you are 16 the difference between your own and your parents' priorities makes family life
a) cloudless and happy.
b) explosive and troublesome.
c) full of sense.
6. Being worried about their children's life and future many parents emphasize the importance of
a) doing well at school and getting good exam results.
b) rehearsing for a play and going out with friends.
c) having a social life and starting serious sexual relationship.