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is a monophthong, central, mid, unrounded, short.

Activity 1. “Man is the head of the family, woman the neck that turns the head.” (Chinese proverb)

“It is not flesh and blood but the heart which makes us fathers and sons.” (Johann Schiller, a German poet, philosopher, historian and playwright)

You’ve already got acquainted with some students from other countries at the conference and you want to know your new friend/s better. Ask him/her:

· whether he/she has any siblings (sisters/brothers);

· which member of his/her family he/she has a particularly close relationship with;

· whether he/she tells his/her parents secrets;

· whether he/she is married or single, has a girlfriend/boyfriend;

· whether his/her family gets together on holidays;

· how household chores are shared among the members of his/her family;

· how often he/she spring-cleans his/her house/flat and how long it takes him/her to do it;

· what he/she does to make his/her work more pleasant (e.g. switch on his/her favourite music, anticipate the result or the reward for your help, etc.).

Activity 2. “The family is a haven in a heartless world.” (Attributed to Christopher Lasch, a well-known American historian, moralist and social critic)

Step 1. A friend of yours has written you a letter complaining that he had a squabble with his brother because they didn’t see eye to eye on the role of the family in present-day society. He put his brother’s views in a nutshell in the following way:


Trying to put his brother straight in this respect, your friend asked you to listen to a radio presentation about the role of the family and help him find some sensible arguments to back his own views because he’s at his wits’ end. Listen to it and jot down the essential information correcting the statements and adding the necessary arguments against.

The following words and expressions may help you understand the recording better:

Provide - give, present

Reply - answer

inherit attributes from - get certain characteristics from

vital - essential, important

thrive - be prosperous

value - the importance or worth of something for someone

commitment - when you are willing to give your time and energy to something that you believe in, or a promise or firm decision to do something

instilled (in) - to put a feeling, idea or principle gradually into someone's mind, so that it has a strong influence on the way they think or behave

differentiate - make smb stand out, be different

cope (with) - to deal successfully with a difficult situation

endure - to suffer something difficult, unpleasant or painful trying to get over them

persist - continue to exist

Step 2. Report them to the class.

Step 3. Talk to each other. Convince your partner (who is of the same view as your friend’s brother) that he’s holding the wrong end of the stick concerning family issues. Expand by discussing what ‘a family’ means to you.

Activity 3. “Family faces are magic mirrors. Looking at people who belong to us, we see the past, present, and future.” (Gail Lumet Buckley, a famous write and journalist)

American children live in a variety of family forms. For example, some children live in a nuclear family, many others live with a sole parent, while some others live with one biological or adoptive parent and one stepparent. Some are taken care of by other relatives or foster parents. The parents of some children are married, while others are not. Some children even live with parents of the same-sex. It is important to mention that couples without children also constitute a family. It is therefore, vital to learn about various family structures and constructs, and to understand that different families deal with different strengths and values, as well as different needs and issues.

Step 1. “Other things may change us, but we start and end with the family.” (Anthony Brandt, the editor of the Adventure Classics series published by National Geographic Society Press; the books editor at National Geographic Adventure magazine)

Work in groups of four (A, B, C, D). Student A reads the information from card A. Student B reads the information from card B. Student C reads the information from card C. Student D reads the information from card D. Use Appendix 1. Exchange the information – in your groups tell each other as much as you remember about different types of families in the USA.

Step 2. “When our relatives are at home, we have to think of all their good points or it would be impossible to endure them.” (George Bernard Shaw, an Irish playwright and a co-founder of the London School of Economics)

In pairs decide what type of family in the USA

- has only one parent who earns money and raises a child/children;

- includes a great variety of members that live together;

- is becoming common;

- is the typical and best for children;

- is called when parents cannot bring up their children and their parents do that instead of them;

- includes people of different race;

- adopts a child without a spouse;

- has more problems because of biologically unrelated children and their habits;

- consists of two loving hearts: two men or two women + children;

- is called when a man and a woman create a family with their children from former relationships;

- pay much attention to the children of spouses’ siblings because of not having their own;

- consists of two spouses of different sex and children.

Step 3. “The family is one of nature’s masterpieces.” (George Santayana, a philosopher, essayist, poet and novelist)

Tell your partner/s what type of the family you live in. Express your thoughts about each type of the families you’ve read and heard.

Activity 4. “Housework is something you do that nobody notices until you don’t do it.” (Author Unknown)

Step 1. “I think housework is the reason most women go to the office.” (Heloise Cruse, an American writer, author, and speaker specializing in lifestyle hints, including consumer issues, pets, travel, food, home improvement, and health)

Discuss with your partner where and how you usually use various household appliances (see the table) and cleaning supplies. You’re welcome to use the following prompts as well:

Ø tidy up the place after last night's disorderly party

Ø air the room

Ø put one’s room to rights, polish the furniture and sweep the floor

Ø iron a T-shirt

Ø vacuum/hoover (dirty carpets)

Ø soak all the clothes

Ø empty (the dustbin)

Ø spring-clean one’s large house

Ø rinse the linen before hanging out

Word Meaning
dishwasher a) electric appliance that washes dishes; can be "built-in" (under a sink) or "portable" (moved and attached to the sink when in use)
dryer b) electric appliance used to dry laundry
fridge c) electric appliance used for keeping food cold
freezer d) electric appliance used for keeping food frozen (very cold)
microwave e) electric appliance for “cooking” food quickly
oven f) electric appliance for baking and heating food
stove, range g) elements on top of an oven for heating, frying, and boiling food
washing machine h) electric appliance for cleaning laundry
broom i) brush with a long handle on it for sweeping floors
dust pan k) flat container used for collecting dirt and dust swept up with a broom
duster l) a cleaning tool with a handle and feathers (or a soft cloth) used for wiping dust off surfaces
garbage or trash bin m) container with a lid that holds large garbage bags
gloves n) coverings for the hands, with separate holes for the fingers
mop o) long stick with a sponge at the bottom that is soaked in water and soap; used for cleaning floors
scrub brush p) a brush with a handle on it; often used for cleaning toilets
sponge q) a soft cleaning product that absorbs water and is used for washing surfaces
vacuum cleaner r) a machine that sucks up dust and dirt on the floor as you push it around

Step 2. “There was no need to do any housework at all. After the first four years the dirt doesn’t get any worse.” (Quentin Crisp, “The Naked Civil Servant”, 1968)

Discuss with your partner what household chores you:

- hate doing and why;

- do very often and why;

- used to do when you were a child and why;

- do quite rarely and why;

- have never done in your life and why.

Step 3. “There are practical little things in housekeeping which no man really understands.” (Eleanor Roosevelt, an American politician)

Look at the pictures and try to guess what dialogue can be between parents and children, a wife and a husband:


























is a monophthong, central, mid, unrounded, short.

Articulation: Look at the diagram. The tongue is in the central part of the mouth. The front of the tongue is raised to the back of the hard palate just above the fully open position. No contact is made between the tongue and the upper teeth. The tongue is lax. The jaws are considerably separated. The lips are neutrally open. The vowel is short.

(A25) Listen and then say the sound.


[Λ] is usually spelled:

u (in an open syllable), ou, o - bus colour come cup front London luck Monday month mother much nothing number run study sun uncle under

Listen and say these sentences.

1 Good luck with your exam next month!

2 Take the number one bus.

3 I said 'Come on Monday', not 'Come on Sunday'.

4 My brother's studying in London.


Ex 5. Read and transcribe:

funny - farmer hut - heart much - March hunter - harder cup - carp   hug - huge just - June us - use luck - Luke cut - cute  



Home task to Lesson 3.

I. Transcribe the following words. Pronounce the phrases in a proper way.

[ɪ] - dish, ship, listen, mystery, brick, mince, fit, cynic, kid, nymph, city, limit;

Did Mick quick-kick sick Rick?

Six thick thistle sticks.

The important Indian was ill with injuries inside the igloo.

It`s a pity that little Kitty lives in a big city.

Six little kittens lost their mittens.

It`s a pity, they were so pretty.

[i:] - feel, weak, people, three, please, pizza, sheep, peel, freeze, deal, receive;

Feel the heat, breathe, reach your peak, win the meet.

Don't be a geek.

Pieces of meat get stuck in his teeth when he eats veal steamed with sesame seeds.

Eagles eat electric eels easily.

He speaks Chinese and Japanese with equal ease.

[ʊ] - hook, took, put, foot, could, good, look, woman, sugar, wolf, boot;

How much wood could a woodchuck could chuck wood? If a woodchuck could chuck wood in a truck, would a woodchuck cluck while the wood was chucked?

He took the book to school.

Put some sugar in the pudding.

The cook took a good look to cookery book.

It`s good he could go on foot.

[u:] - cute, soon, through, lose, rule, June, news, soup, shoe, wound, room, two;

Ulysses usually uses union U-boats.

A Tudor who tooted a flute

Tried to tutor two tooters to toot.

Said the two to their tutor,

"Is it harder to toot

or to tutor two tooters to toot?"

Too good to be true.

The ruler is on the stool.

[ʌ] - gum, son, mud, brother, country, flood, young, nothing, butter, much, cut, bug;

The duck ducks under a dock.

How much wood could a woodchuck could chuck wood? If a woodchuck could chuck wood in a truck, would a woodchuck cluck while the wood was chucked?

You must not touch the luggage.

As snug as a bug in a rug.

Tough luck.


[a:] - part, heart, aunt, star, calm, after, mark, grass, last, garden, March, path;

Arnie and Arthur are army archers.

He laughs best who laughs last.

Far from heart, far from eyes.

It`s enough to make the cat laugh.

Half heart is no heart.


Date: 2014-12-22; view: 1420

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