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Higher Medical Education in Ukraine.

Exercise 1.Change the following sentences into Indirect Speech.

1. Jack told his father, "I hope to pass the examination." …………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

2. Henry said to me, "The teacher is listening to us." ……………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

3. Bob said to Tom, "I made no mistakes in the last dictation." ………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

4.1 told the policeman, "I saw the thief in the garden." ………………………………………………………….

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

5.He said, "I haven't read many English books." ………………………………………………………………..

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

6.Jack's father said to him, "You haven't cleaned your shoes." ……………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

7.Mary said, "I don't want to wear my old dress." ……………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

8.My mother said to me, "I feel very tired, and I have a headache." …………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

9.My friend told me, "We have plenty of time to do our work." ……………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

10.1 said to my sister, "I haven't seen my uncle for a long time."………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

Exercise 2. Change the following sentences into Direct Speech.

1. My sister said that she hadn't got a watch. …………………………………………………………………

2. The teacher told his students that he was pleased with their work. ……………………………………….

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

3.1 told him that I hadn't seen his brother for a long time. ……………………………………………………..

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

4.1 told my mother that Henry was studying medicine at the University……………………………………….

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

5. She told the grocer that she didn't want any sugar. …………………………………………………………..

6. We told the teacher that we didn't understand his question. …………………………………………………..

7.1 told the taxi-driver that he was driving too fast. ……………………………………………………………

8. She said that her children were playing in the garden………………………………………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

Exercise 3. Choose the correct word from those in brackets.

1. My grandmother always…………………………………………me about her childhood, (says/tells)

2. "Don't do that!" she………………………………………………them, (said/told)

3. Did she………………………………….you where she had put my books? (say/tell)

4. When I was introduced to the actor he……………………………….a few words to me. (said/told)

5. That little boy is very bad. He……………………………………..a lot of lies, (says/tells)

6. She…………………………………..to me she didn't know what to do. (said/told)

7. He often………………………………things like that, (says/tells)

Exercise 4. Turn these general questions into indirect speech, beginning ‘I wondered’



1. ‘Do they like me?’ …………………………………………………………………………………………

2. ‘Will I be ready in time?’…………………………………………………………………………………….

3. ‘Is there any food in the house?’…………………………………………………………………………….

4. ‘Is service included or not?’ ………………………………………………………………………………..

5. ‘Can I pay by cheque?’………………………………………………………………………………………

6. ‘Does my hair look funny?’…………………………………………………………………………………….

7. ‘Has the postman been?’………………………………………………………………………………………..

8. ‘Do they speak English?’……………………………………………………………………………………….

9. ‘Am I doing the right thing?’……………………………………………………………………………………

10. ‘Is the meeting on Tuesday or Wednesday?’………………………………………………………………….

Exercise 5. Turn these special questions into indirect speech, beginning ‘I asked’.

1.’What’s Peter’s address?’………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

2.‘When is the new manager coming?’…………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

3. ‘How does she know my name?’……………………………………………………………………………….

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

4. ‘Why are all the windows open?’……………………………………………………………………………..

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

5. ‘How many books does he want?’……………………………………………………………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

6. ‘Where do they keep the money?’...........................................................................................................

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

7. ‘What time is the meeting?’…………………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

8. ‘When does the last train leave?’……………………………………………………………………………..

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

9. ‘How does the photocopier work?’……………………………………………………………………………..

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

10. ‘How often does Ann go shopping?’…………………………………………………………………………….

..................................................................................................................................................................

Exercise 6. Change the sentences into Indirect Speech using the infinitives.

1.’I won’t tell anybody.’ He promised………………………………………………………………………………..

2. ‘I’ll cook supper’. She offered……………………………………………………………………………………..

3. ‘Leave early.’ He advised me…………………………………………………………………………………….

4. ‘Please close the door.’ She asked me…………………………………………………………………………..

5. ‘I’ll smoking.’ She promised…………………………………………………………………………………….

6. ‘Why don’t I do the shopping?’ He offered…………………………………………………………………….

7. ‘You ought to tell the police.’ She advised me………………………………………………………………….

8. ‘Wait outside.’ I told her……………………………………………………………………………………………

9. ‘OK. I’ll pay half.’ He agreed………………………………………………………………………………………

10. ‘Park round the corner.’ She told me………………………………………………………………………….

11. ‘How do I find the house?’ I asked him………………………………………………………………………….

12. ‘Phone me before nine.’ She told me when…………………………………………………………………….

13. ‘Say you are ill.’ I told him what…………………………………………………………………………………

14. ‘We’ll pay for the tickets.’ We offered……………………………………………………………………………

 

Higher Medical Education in Ukraine.

Grammar: Numerals (cardinal, ordinal, fractions, percentage). Dates. Time. Prepositions of Time.

1. Answer the questions:

 

1) What is the date today? 2) What day is it today? 3) Where were you born? 4) When is your birthday? 5) How many months are there in a year? 6) How many minutes are there in 3 hours? 7) Who is the first (the last) to leave home for work/studies in your family? 8) What time is it now? 9) What time did you get up yesterday? 10) How old will you be in 2020?     11) How many students in your group are from Odessa? 12) What is half of ten? 13) What is a quarter of twelve? 14) What is five times seven? 15) What do fifty-six and ninety-four make? 16) What is the second month of the year? 17) What holiday do Ukrainian people celebrate on the twenty-fourth of August? 18) What time do your studies start in the morning?  

 

1. Active Vocabulary:

separate [ˈsɛpərɪt] - îêðåìèé procedure [prəˈsiːdʒə] - ïðîöåäóðà admission [ədˈmɪʃən] - ïðèéìàííÿ school-leaver - âèïóñêíèê entrance exams – âñòóïí³ ³ñïèòè External Independent Testing – Çîâí³øíº Íåçàëåæíå Òåñòóâàííÿ   diagnose diseases [ˈdaɪəgˌnəʊz dɪˈziːzis] – ä³àãíîçóâàòè õâîðîáè carry out laboratory analyses [ləˈbɒrətərɪ -trɪ əˈnælɪsɪs] – ïðîâîäèòè ëàáîðàòîðí³ àíàë³çè doctors’ assistants - àñèñòåíòè ë³êàð³â gain experience [ɪkˈspɪərɪəns] – íàáóâàòè äîñâ³äó allow [əˈlaʊ] - äîçâîëÿòè

 

2. Translate the following word combinations into your language:

Gain practical experience, work as doctors’ assistants in hospitals, the procedure of admission to medical universities, allow future doctors to get a good knowledge of medicine and practical experience, Ukrainian school-leavers , take entrance exams, results of the External Independent Testing, separate from traditional universities, learn to diagnose different diseases, carry out laboratory analyses and treat people for different diseases.

 

3. Andriy is a second year medical student at Bogomolets National Medical University in Kiev. This summer he visited his uncle Valeriy, who lives in New York, there he met some young people studying medicine at New York University. Read what he told them about higher medical education in Ukraine.

 

 

Students can get higher medical education in Ukraine at institutions called medical universities, which are separate from traditional universities. Ukrainian students do not need any preliminary higher education to enter a medical university. The procedure of admission to medical universities has changed greatly recently. Nowadays Ukrainian school-leavers do not take any entrance exams. Medical universities admit their students on the basis of the results of the External Independent Testing, which students take after their final school year. They have to pass tests in Ukrainian Language and Literature, Biology and Chemistry or Physics successfully to enter a medical university.

The course of studies lasts 6 years. For two years medical students learn so-called pre-clinical subjects, such as Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Human Anatomy, Histology. They also learn a foreign language, as well as philosophy, psychology and the fundamentals of economics. From the third to the fifth year the students have clinical subjects. They learn to diagnose different diseases, to carry out laboratory analyses and treat people for different diseases.

After their third year of studies medical students have a practical training, during which they work as nurses. After the fourth year they have another practical training. This time they work as doctors’ assistants at therapeutic, surgical and other departments in hospitals. During their 6-th year they gain more experience in one of the 3 main clinical subjects: Therapy, Surgery or Obstetrics. After the 6th year of studies they work as interns at a large hospital for two years, specializing in one of the fields of medicine. So, the course of medical studies is long, but it allows future doctors to get a good knowledge of medicine and practical experience, necessary for treating people.


Date: 2014-12-22; view: 708


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