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The Government

The Government of Kazakhstan exercises executive power, heads the system of executive bodies and provides guidance of their activities. The Head of the government is appointed by the President when the candidature of the premier has been approved by the majority of Parliament. Personal composition of the government is appointed by the President by the presentation of candidatures by premier. Structure and composition of the government of Kazakhstan. Prime-minister submits for a consideration to the President the structure of the government. The structure of the government is - the Prime-Minister, Vice Prime-Minister, 3 Prime-Minister deputies and 16 ministers. Principal powers of the Government of Kazakhstan: elaboration and realization of principal tendencies of social economic state policy, defense potential of the country, security and guarantee of public order. Submission for the Parliament's (Majilis) consideration the republican budget and its execution report, ensuring the execution of the republican budget. Bring in a bill into Parliament, execution ensuring. Guidance ministries, state committees, other central and local executive bodies activities. Appointing to a post and dismissal the heads of central executive bodies that are out of government. Termination of the powers of the Government of Kazakhstan. The government resigns its powers before a new elected Head of state. The government declares its go out to the President when Parliament (Majilis) passes the vote of no confidence. Also tenders the resignation on the initiative of the President and when Prime-Minister resigned.

 

86) The crimes of totalitarian regime in Kazakhstan: the mass repressions of 1920-1930ss years.

Nation-building in Kazakhstan (1920-30-e gg.). One of the major projects of industrialization was the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway (Turksib). Construction of road connecting Siberia to Central Asia, stretching 1,445 km commenced in April 1927. Construction has become a popular character. 25 April 1930., 17 months ahead of time it was completed. Largest construction project of that period were: Chimkent lead plant, Balkhash copper and polymetallic Achisaysky plants, construction began Tekeli Jezkazgan polymetallic and copper-smelting plant, Ust-Kamenogorsk lead-tsinkovoo plant. It was the largest non-ferrous metals not only in Kazakhstan but also in the USSR. The construction of the chemical industry in Shymkent, Aktobe and other regions. Uvelchilos electricity: Karaganda CES, UlbinskayaGES, CHP Balkhash copper-smelting plant - were constructs of the time. It developed Embinsky oil region. Been expanded old crafts: Kosshagyl, Makati; developed new fields: Kulsary saghyz. Kazakhstan has the second largest in the Union for the production of nonferrous metals, the third oil extraction Karaganda coal has become the third base. In the years of industrialization have been constructed food industry: Semipalatinsk myasokominat, Gurvsky fish-canning factory, Alma-Ata canning factory, sugar factory in Jambul, Merka, Taldy-Kurgan.



87) The creation of ‘Alash Orda’ government. The first experience of nationhood as an autonomous republic.

In February 1917 Tsar was overthrown by bourgeoisie and workers. The Provisional government consisting of bourgeoisie and workers was established as result of February Revolution. The revolution means something which is completely new and has nothing to do with the past. So in this revolution the structure and administration of the state was changing. Now people were rule through different commissions and committees. The first commissioners of then Provisional government were Bokeihanov, Tynyshbaev, Shokai etc. In this period old system was struggling with new system. Everything was in huge mess. In this mess Central Asian intelligentsia organized themselves to establish “Alash” party. The party had its program. The program was touching issues of 1) Russia has to be democratic Federation; 2) Kazakh autonomy has to be created within Russian Federation; 3) Equality of rights among citizens of Russian Federation; 4) secularism; 5) Judicial power ; 6) Law enforcement and military field; 7) taxes have to be per income; 8) status of workers; 9) Education and science; 10) Land. A. Bokeihanov was elected as first chairman of the Party. However Alash had no long life. It was smashed once Bolsheviks got power. Alash was seen as symbol of national bourgeoisie and nationalism. The dream of independence and regional/national identity came true only in 1991.

 


Date: 2014-12-22; view: 1014


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