UNIT 102 Enough and too
A. The position of enough
Enough goes after adjectives and adverbs:
* He didn't get the job because he wasn't experienced enough. (not 'enough experienced')
* You won't pass the examination if you don't work hard enough.
* She shouldn't get married yet. She's not old enough.
The opposite is too. (too hard/too old etc.):
* You never stop working. You work too hard. Enough normally goes before nouns:
* He didn't get the job because he didn't have enough experience. (not 'experience enough')
* I'd like to go away on holiday but I haven't got enough money.
* Some of us had to sit on the floor because there weren't enough chairs.
You can also use enough alone (without a noun):
* I'll lend you some money if you haven't got enough.
The opposite is too much.../too many ...:
* We can't go away on holiday. It costs too much (money).
* There are too many people and not enough chairs.
B. We say enough/too ... for (somebody/something):
* I haven't got enough money for a holiday.
* He wasn't experienced enough for the job.
* This shirt is too big for me. I need a smaller size.
But we usually say enough/too ... to do something (not 'for doing'). So we say:
enough money to buy something, too young to do something etc.
* I haven't got enough money to go on holiday. (not 'for going')
* He wasn't experienced enough to do the job.
* She's not old enough to get married. or She's too young to get married.
* Let's get a taxi. It's too far to walk home from here.
* There weren't enough chairs for everyone to sit down.
* They spoke too quickly for us to understand.
C. We say:
The food was very hot. We couldn't eat it.
and: The food was so hot that we couldn't eat it.
but: The food was too hot to eat. (without 'it')
Some more examples like this:
* The wallet was too big to put in my pocket. (not 'too big to put it')
* These boxes are too heavy to carry. (not 'too heavy to carry them')
* The water wasn't clean enough to swim in.
102.1 Complete these sentences using enough with one of the following adjectives or nouns:
adjectives: big old warm well,
nouns: cups milk money qualifications room time
1. She shouldn't get married yet. She's not _old enough._
2. I'd like to buy a car but I haven't got ---.
3. Have you got --- in your tea or would you like some more?
4. Are you ---? Or shall I switch on the heating?
5. It's only a small car. There isn't --- for all of you.
6. Steve didn't feel --- to go to work this morning.
7. 1 didn't answer all the questions in the exam. I didn't have ---.
8. Do you think I've got --- to apply for the job?
9. Try this jacket on and see if it's --- for you.
10. There weren't --- for everybody to have coffee at the same time.
102.2 Complete the answers to the questions. Use too or enough with the word in brackets.
1. Is she going to get married?
(old) No, she's not _old enough to get married._
2. I need to talk to you about something.
(busy) Well, I'm afraid I'm --- to you now.
3. Let's go to the cinema.
(late) No, it's --- to the cinema.
4. Why don't we sit in the garden?
(warm) It's not --- in the garden.
5. Would you like to be a politician?
(nice) No, I'm --- a politician.
6. Do you want to play tennis today?
(energy) No, I haven't got --- tennis today.
7. Did you hear what he was saying?
(far away) No, we were --- what he was saying.
8. Can he read a newspaper in English?
(English) No, he doesn't know --- a newspaper.
102.3 Make one sentence from two. Complete the new sentence using too or enough.
1. We couldn't cat the food. It was too hot. _The food was, too hot to eat._
2. I can't drink this coffee. It's too hot. This coffee is ---.
3. Nobody could move the piano. It was too heavy.
The piano ---.
4. I don't wear this coat in winter. It isn't warm enough.
This coat ---
5. I can't explain the situation. It is too complicated.
The situation ---.
6. Three people can't sit on this sofa. It isn't wide enough.
This sofa ---.
7. We couldn't climb over the wall. It was too high.
The wall ---.
8. You can't see some things without a microscope, They are too small.
UNIT 103 Quite and rather
A. Quite = less than 'very' but more than 'a little':
* I'm surprised you haven't heard of her. She's quite famous. (= less than 'very famous' but more than 'a little famous')
* It's quite cold. You'd better wear your coat.
* Lucy lives quite near me, so we see each other quite often.
Quite goes before a/an:
quite a nice day (not 'a quite nice day'), quite an old house, quite a long way
Sometimes we use quite + noun (without an adjective):
* I didn't expect to see them. It was quite a surprise.
We also use quite with some verbs, especially like and enjoy:
* I quite like tennis but it's not my favourite sport.
Quite sometimes means 'completely'. See Section C.
B. Rather is similar to quite. We use rather mainly with negative words and negative ideas:
* It's rather cold. You'd better wear your coat.
* 'What was the examination like?' 'Rather difficult, I'm afraid.'
* Let's get a taxi. It's rather a long way to walk.
Quite is also possible in these examples.
Often we use quite with a positive idea and rather with a negative idea:
* She's quite intelligent but rather lazy.
When we use rather with positive words (nice/interesting etc.), it means 'unusually' or
'surprisingly'. For example, rather nice = unusually nice/surprisingly nice/nicer than expected:
* These oranges are rather nice. Where did you get them?
* Ann didn't like the book but I thought it was rather interesting. (=more interesting than expected)
Rather can go before or after a/an. So you can say:
a rather interesting book or rather an interesting book
C. Quite also means 'completely'. For example:
* 'Are you sure?' 'Yes, quite sure.' (= completely sure)
Quite means 'completely' with a number of adjectives, especially:
[sure, right, true, clear, different, incredible, amazing, certain, wrong, safe, obvious, unnecessary, extraordinary, impossible]
* She was quite different from what I expected. (= completely different)
* Everything they said was quite true. (= completely true)
We also use quite (='completely') with some verbs. For example:
* I quite agree with you. (= I completely agree) Not quite = 'not completely':
* They haven't quite finished their dinner yet.
* I don't quite understand what you mean.
* 'Are you ready yet?' 'Not quite.' (= not completely)
103.1 Complete the sentences using quite + one of the following:
a busy day a good voice a nice time a lot of mistakes a nice day a long way a strong wind a frightening experience
1. The weather was better than we had expected. It was _quite a nice day._
2. Tom often sings. He's got ---.
3. The bus stop wasn't very near the hotel. We had to walk ---.
4. I'm tired. I've had ---.
5. Our holiday was OK. We had ---.
6. It's warm today but there's ---.
7. 1 hope that never happens again. It was ---.
8. She speaks English fluently but she makes ---.
103.2 Complete these sentences using the words in brackets. Each time use quite with the positive word and rather with the negative word.
1. She's _quite intelligent_ but _rather lazy._ (intelligent/lazy)
2. The car goes --- but it's ---. (well/noisy)
3. The programme was --- but ---. (long/interesting)
4. George is --- but he's ---. (a hard worker/slow)
5. I was --- with the hotel but Jim was ---. (disappointed/pleased)
6. It's --- job but it's --- work. (a well-paid/hard)
7. Sarah lives --- us but it's --- to get to her house. (near/difficult)
103.3 What does quite mean in these sentences? Tick (V) the right meaning.
(more than a little, less than very (Section A)), (completely (Section C))
1. It's _quite cold._ You'd better wear your coat.
2. 'Are you sure?' 'Yes, _quite sure._'
3. Maria's English is _quite good._ ( ), ( )
4. I couldn't believe it. It was _quite incredible._
5. The people I work with are _quite friendly._
6. My bedroom is _quite big._
7. You're _quite right._
103.4 Complete these sentences using quite with one of the following:
amazing different impossible right safe sure unnecessary true
1. I didn't believe her at first, but in fact what she said was _quite true._
2. You won't fall. The ladder is ---.
3. I'm afraid I can't do what you ask. It's ---.
4. I couldn't agree with you more. You are ---.
5. You can't compare the two things. They are ---.
6. You needn't have done that. It was ---.
7. 1 think I saw them go out but I'm not ---.
8. I couldn't believe what had happened. It was ---.
Date: 2015-02-03; view: 1688