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A/an, one and some

A A/an and some

Look at this example.

Trevor has found some money in his old trousers. There's a note and some coins.

We use a/an with a singular noun and some with a plural
or an uncountable noun (see D).
A + singular noun: a note

Some + plural noun: some coins

Some + uncountable noun: some money

B A/an and one

A/an and one both refer to one thing. Using one puts more emphasis on the number. Henry gave the taxi driver a note, (not a coin) Henry gave the taxi driver one note, (not two)

We use one (not a/an) when we mean one of a larger number.

One question/One of the questions in the exam was more difficult than the others. The team wasn't at full strength. One player/One of the players was injured.

C A dog = all dogs

We often use a plural noun on its own to express a general meaning (see Unit 86). Dogs make wonderful pets. Oranges contain vitamin C.

Here dogs means all dogs, dogs in general.

These sentences with a/an express the same general meaning.

A dog makes a wonderful pet. An orange contains vitamin C.

A butcher is someone who sells meat. A video recorder costs about £300.

A dog here is less usual than the structure with dogs, but we often use a/an when explaining the meaning ol a word, e.g. a butcher.

D Some

Some with a plural noun means 'a number of, and some with an uncountable noun means 'an amount of.

Claire took some photos. We went out with some friends.

Henry bought some flowers. I had some chips with my steak.

Can you lend me some money? Andrew is doing some work.

Let's play some music. There's some milk in the fridge.

Claire took some photos means that she took a number of photos, although we may not know the exact number.

We do not use some when we are describing something or saying what kind of thing it is.

Vicky has blue eyes. Is this salt or sugar?

These are marvellous photos. Those people are tourists. Compare these sentences.

I had some chips with my steak, (a number of chips)

I had chips with my steak, (chips, not potatoes or rice)

76 Countable and uncountable nouns 83-4 A/an and the 94 Some and any 96 All, most and some


85 Exercises

i A/an and some (A)

Paul has painted some pictures for a competition. Say what is in the pictures. Use a or some with these words: birds, cat, fish, flowers, fruit, luggage, people



? some people

? a fish

1

2

3 .

4 5 ..


2 A/an and one (B)

Put in a/an or one.

► Have you only got one bedroom? I thought you had two.

1 Melanie wanted something to drink. She was looking for cafe.

2 It was Sunday......................... shop was open, but all the others were closed.

3 ................ of these photos is of you. Would you like it?

4 Shall I take....................... photo of you two together?

3 Adog = all dogs (C)

Match each word with the right explanation and write sentences with a/an.
carrot line of people ► A carrot is a vegetable.



violin book of maps 1 ................................................... ...

queue vegetable 2 ................................................................................................

atlas tool for digging 3 .

spade musical instrument 4 ........................................................................

4 Some (D)

What would you say in these situations? Use a noun and decide if you need some or not.

? You and your friend would like a game of cards, but neither of you has a pack.
We need some cards.

? You are describing Rachel to someone. Rachel's hair is dark.
Rachel has dark hair.

 

1 You are eating nuts. Offer them to your friend.
Would you like................................................................. ?

2 You want a drink of mineral water. There's a jug on the table, but you don't know what's in it.
Is there ................................................................ in this jug?

3 You've come home from a shopping trip with a few clothes. Tell your friend.
I've bought ................................................................

4 You are eating some bread that Melanie baked. It's lovely.
Melanie, this is..................................................................

5 The two women who live next door to you are both studying at the university.
Tell your visitor. The women next door are..............................................................................



Date: 2014-12-22; view: 1446


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