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C Irregular forms

Some participles are irregular.

I've made a shopping list. We've sold our car. I've thought about it a lot.

Have you written the letter? She hasn't drunk her coffee. For a list of irregular verbs see page 383.

There is a present perfect of be and of have.

The weather has been awful I've had a lovely time, thank you.

D Use

When we use the present perfect, we see things as happening in the past but having a result in the present. We've washed the dishes. (They're clean now.) The aircraft has landed. (It's on the ground now.) We've eaten all the eggs. (There aren't any left.) They've learnt the words. (They know the words.) You've broken this watch. (It isn't working.)

12-13 More on the present perfect 14-15 Present perfect or past simple? page 377 American English


11 Exercises

1 Form (B)

Add a sentence. Use the present perfect.

► I'm tired. (I / walk / miles) I've walked miles.

1 Emma's computer is working now. (she / repair / it)

2 It's cooler in here now. (I / open / the window)

3 The visitors are here at last, (they / arrive)

4 Mark's car isn't blocking us in now. (he / move / it)

5 We haven't got any new videos, (we / watch / all these)

2 Irregular forms (C)

Look at the pictures and say what the people have done.

Use these verbs: break, build, catch, see, win

Use these objects: a film, a fish, a house, his leg, the gold medal

She's won the gold medal.

1. 3

2. 4

3 Review (A-D)

Trevor and Laura are decorating their house. Put in the verbs. Use the present perfect.

Laura: How is the painting going? (►) Have you finished ? (you / finish) Trevor: No, I haven't. Painting the ceiling is really difficult, you know.

(1) (I / not / do) very much. And it looks just the same as

before. This new paint (2) ........................................................ (not / make) any difference.

Laura: (3) .................................................. (you / not / put) enough on.

Trevor: (4) (1 / hurt) my back. It feels bad.

Laura: Oh, you and your back. You mean (5). (you / have) enough of

decorating. Well, I'll do it. Where (6) ..................... (you / put) the brush?

Trevor: I don't know. (7)........................................................... (it / disappear).

(8). (I / look) for it, but I can't find it.

Laura: You're hopeless, aren't you? How much (9) (you / do) in here?

Nothing! (10) ........................................................... (I / paint) two doors.

Trevor: (11) (I / clean) all this old paint around the window.

It looks much better now, doesn't it?
Laura: (12) (we / make) some progress, I suppose.

Now, where (13) ..................................................... (that brush /go)?

Oh, (14).. (you / leave) it on the ladder, look.



Date: 2014-12-22; view: 1493


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