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Saswavlo dawesebulebebi

ruseTis mier saqarTvelos aneqsiis Semdeg daixura qarTuli saswavleblebi da daiwyo rusuli skolebis gaxsna. Ddaixura eklesia-monastrebTan arsebuli saeklesio-samrevlo skolebis nawili. Ppirveli skola, romelic aneqsiis Semdeg gaixsna iyo orklasiani dawyebiTi skola, romelic 1802 wels daarsda. skola mxolod TavadaznaurTa Svilebs iRebda. wesdebis mixedviT swavlebis ena rusul-qarTuli iyo. realurad ki swavleba rusul enaze mimdinareobda. Mmoswavleebma rusuli ar icodnen, ris gamoc saswavlebelma mxolod erT wels iarseba. 1804 wels orkalsiani dawyebiTi skolis bazaze gaixsna Tbilisis keTilSobilTa saswavlebeli, romelSic TavadaznaurTa SvilebTan erTad moqalaqeTa da sasuliero pirTa Svilebsac iRebdnen. 1830 wels keTilSobilTa saswavlebeli Tbilisis vaJTa klasikur gimnaziad gadakeTda. Aaq ganaTleba miiRes nikoloz baraTaSvilma, grigol orbelianma, daviT CubiniSvilma, dimitri yifianma, mixeil TumaniSvilma da sxvebma.

1817 wels gaixsna Tbilisi sasuliero seminaria, romelSic eqvswliani swavleba iyo. mogvianebiT seminariasTan daarsda moswavleTa saerTo sacxovrebeli bursa. Tbilisi seminariaSi ganaTleba miiRes solomon dodaSvilma, platon ioselianma, dimitri baqraZem, Ggabriel qiqoZem, iakob gogebaSvilma, Ddaniel WonqaZem, Tedo Jordaniam, mose janaSvilma da sxvebma.

 

1818 wlidan daiwyo sasuliero saswavleblisa da samrevlo skolebis daarseba. sasuliero saswavleblebi gaixsna TbilisSi, gorSi, TelavSi. siRnaRsa da sxva qalaqebSi.

saqarTveloSi arsebobda kaTolikuri da somxur-grigorianuli skolebi.

1830 wlidan ixsneba samazro saswavleblebi quTaisSi, gorSi, TelavSi, duSeTSi, siRnarsa da TbilisSi.

saeklesio-samrevlo skolebis mcire nawili ganagrZobda muSaoba. magaliTad, aRsaniSnavia, skolebi SuamTis, nekresis, axtalis, alaverdis, garejis, bodbis saeklesio-samonastro skolebi.

Aarsebobda e.w. „saSinao skolebi“, romeliSic moswavleTa raodenoba mcire iyo. aseTi tipis skolebi aresebobda xSirad gogonebisTvis da vaJebisTvis diferencirebulad.

mTavrebis sasaxleebSi funqcionirebda jerZo skolebi, romlebSic mowveuli ucxoeli pedagogebi aswavlidnen.

1830 wels daarsda „keTilSobil qalwulTa pansioni“. aq aswavlidnen frangul enas, fortepianos da daxvewil manerebs. 1840 wels is gadakeTda amierkavkasiis qalta institutad, romlis mTavari daniSnuleba saSinao maswavleblebis momzadeba iyo.

1846-1847 wlebSi quTaissa da TbilisSi daarsda „wminda ninos saxelobis saqvelmoqmedo sazogadoeba. Mmisi daniSnuleba „keTili meuRleebisa da ojaxis kargi dedebis momzadeba“ iyo. Aaq swavla yvela wodebis qaliSvils SeeZlo. Tumca swavlis qiris sididis gamo mxolod SeZlebuli ojaxis Svilebi swavlobdnen.

saqarTveloSi arsebobda samxedro saswavleblebic.

gaixsna topografiuli skola da „kavkasiis samijnao skola“, romelic memijnaveebsa da miwis mzomelebs amzadebda.

ruseTTan SeerTebis Semdeg saqarTveloSo daarsda sul 139 saswavlo dawesebuleba. rac ar iyo sakmarisi arsebuli mosaxleobisaTvis. Amis gamo bavSvTa da mozardTa 90 procents ar hqonda ganaTlebis

 

SesaZlebloba. arsebobda mniSvnelovani faqtoric: sazogadoebis umravles nawils _ yma-glexebs – CamorTmeuli hqondaT maRali tipis skolaSi ganaTlebis miRebis ufleba. maT mxolod saeklesio skolebSi SeeZloT swavla.



 


Date: 2015-12-17; view: 327


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Wels gamovida ‘saqarTvelos gazeTi”, romelic oficilur sainformacio organos warmoadgenda. | solomon dodaSvilis pedagogiuri ideebi
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