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PART III. USE OF ENGLISH

Task 1

Complete the gaps in the text with a word formed from the word given in the margin. All the words you need to write begin with over or under. The first one has been done as an example. Translate the formed words.

Britain may be turning into a society of (0) overtired parents TIRE

and (1) …………… children who lack the stimulus afforded ACHIEVE

by social contact with other family members. In the early 1990s,

it was widely forecast that, by the turn of the century, large

numbers of working people would be involved in family-friendly

options such as job-sharing or working from home. As it turned out,

the numbers were greatly (2) …….. .A recent survey shows that ESTIMATE

only one in fifty people is involved in job sharing and less than

one in four companies allow employees to work from home.

What the pundits did not foresee was the explosion in (3) ………… NIGHT

working caused by the advent of the 24-hour society. A report

out this week (4) ……………… this fact: almost a quarter of SCORE

British employees now work at some point between 6 p.m. and 6 a.m.,

and sixty-one percent of working families have one or other parent

away from home during early mornings, evenings, nights or

weekends. The charity which sponsored the report fears that

this situation is (5) …………… family life in Britain and MINE

creating an (6) ………… of children who are ‘passed like CLASS

batons’ in a relay race between shift-working parents, or even

left unattended for prolonged periods.

In the past, most shift-work was in the manufacturing industry

where workers earned (7) …………… for working unsocial hours. TIME

However, the biggest increase in late working in the past five

years has come from the retail sector, where staff are rarely paid a

premium for night work. As work of this type is typically

(8) ……………, it is difficult for staff to afford the necessary PAY

childcare while they work nights.

 

Even administrative staff and managerial staff are now frequently

expected to (9) …………. night work. Many would prefer not to, TAKE

but fear that if they refuse, they will be deliberately (10) ……….. LOOK

when it comes to time for a promotion or salary review.

 

Task 2

Read the text below and decide which answer ΐ, Β or Ρ best fits each space. Explain your choice.

 

MY CAREER

My name is Helena. Although I did well at school and managed to (1) ……….. all my exams when I was 18, I decided not to go to university. I wanted to make lots of money instead. I (2) ………… for three jobs with large international companies and (3) …………. an interview with one of them the following week. They offered me the job. I was now Helena Roberts – Assistant Marketing Manager!

For the first two years I (4) ………… very little money, but I worked conscientiously. As a result, I soon (5) ……….. promoted. My dream was to become Managing Director. That was my first big mistake. The company closed down a month later and I was (6) …………. redundant!



In my next job, the working conditions were awful. I wanted to (7) …………. and look for something else. My colleagues, however, persuaded me to (8) …………. on strike with them for better pay. That, of course, was my second big mistake. The boss immediately (9) …………. us the sack! It was six months before I found another job.

I've been with my present company for five years now. I am extremely happy and intend to stay here until I (10) ………….. at 65. I no longer dream of being Managing Director. Having a job is enough for me.

 

1. A pass B take C succeed

2. A looked B applied C offered

3. A went B attended C made

4. A gained B won C earned

5. A became B got C took

6. A made B become C told

7. A resign B dismiss C release

8. A make B go C put

9. A put B showed C gave

10. A retire B graduate C withdraw

Task 3

Complete each gap in this extract from a newspaper article with a suitable verb, adverb or preposition. The first one has been done as an example. Explain your choice.

Escaped prisoner Dean Parsons finally gave himself (0) up this morning after a dramatic twelve-hour siege during which he threatened to (1) …………….himself and his female hostage up with a hand grenade. Parsons, who was serving an eight-year sentence for holding (2) ………… a Post Office and making (3) ………….with five thousand pounds, had (4) ………….. out of Peterhead prison eleven days previously. The hostage is believed to be Kelly McAlister, Parson's former girlfriend, and the occupant of the flat where the siege took place.

Three years ago, when Parsons first came (5) ……………… the court for armed robbery, McAlister was brought (6) ….……… on charges of being an accomplice to the crime. However, when the jury brought their verdict (7) ………….., McAlister was let (8) ………………. for lack of evidence. After he was sentenced, Parsons was led from the dock shouting “You should have (9) ……………. her down too. It was her idea in the first place!”

It is not yet known where or how Parsons spent his first ten days (10) ………….. the run, but last night neighbours of McAlister’s phoned the police to report sounds of someone breaking (11) ……………… next door. The police arrived to find ... .



Date: 2015-01-29; view: 2622


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