Complete the gaps in the text with one word only. All the words you need to write are either determiners or pronouns. The first one has been done as an example (0). Explain your choice.
In the 1980s, architects Richard Rogers and Norman Foster rescued the reputation of their profession in Britain. Nowadays (0) these two men are responsible for more than half of the landmark buildings currently under way. No (1) . firms of architects come close to matching (2) extraordinary range of new building projects from bridges and art galleries to airports and corporate headquarters. Although several commercial practices specialise in office blocks and shopping malls, these companies have (3) . of the scope, invention or cultural drive of the two most influential firms British architecture has ever known.
Their dominance is (4) .. new. Nearly 15 years ago the Royal Academy included their work in a glamorous show of the most influential British architects of the time. Foster was represented by the headquarters of the Hongkong and Shanghai Bank in Hong Kong and Rogers by he Lloyd's Building in the City of London. These buildings were as distinctive then as they are now: (5) .. was controversial and has since been acclaimed a masterpiece. (6) proved that, at the time, Foster and Rogers could produce more inventive and memorable buildings than almost (7) .. else.
In some ways (8) Foster and Rogers are outsiders from the middle class mainstream of British architects, who tend to find it hard to let go and let their imaginations rip. And, unlike such architects, (9) . of them ever made a distinction between cultural and commercial architecture. Lloyd's and the Hongkong Bank linked their fortunes to (10) of mega-finance and they have not looked back since. Yet even if Foster and Rogers were merely efficient, businesslike architects these factors would not be enough to explain their dominance of the architectural top twenty. What matters is that they have created consistently, convincingly and with only a (11) . mistakes along the way (12) of the most exciting, memorable and enjoyable buildings of the past 20 years.
For questions 1 - 10, read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of some of the lines to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. There is an example at the beginning (0).
LA TOURETTE MONASTERY
Great architecture has never been dependent on the
(0) expenditure of vast sums of money. One of the greatest SPEND
buildings of all time is the monastery of Sainte-Marie de
la Tourette near Lyon, consecrated in 1960 and built cheaply
from that most (1) .. of building materials concrete. PRETEND
Yet here is a building that is at once as poor and as rich as
the mendicant monks for whom it was designed
and built. Poor in terms of cost and the materials used to
build it, rich in ideas and (2) .. . SPIRIT
Today, much new architecture is slick and polished, erected
by teams of (3) working to design through very CONTRACT
(4) computer programs. The buildings, whether office RELY
blocks, shopping malls or schools, are (5) in COST
absolute terms, yet generally good value for money. Most,
however, are (6) or even cynical. SOUL
La Tourette, by contrast, is a tour de force. Set high on a
ridge (7) .. the vineyards of Beaujolais country, LOOK
this college and monastery was (8) . from the MISSION
great architect Le Corbusier in 1953. La Tourette marked
a profound change in Le Corbusier's approach to architecture;
a move away from the severe, white geometry of his pre-war years.
It also (9) . a new architecture for a church trying to PRESENT
come to terms with a world of (10) .. and progress. MODERN
For Questions 1-15, read the text below and look carefully at each line. Some of the lines are correct, and some have a word which should not be there. If a line is correct, put a plus (+) by the number. If a line has a word which should not be there, write the word on the line. There are two examples at the beginning (0 and 00). Explain your choice.
0 My family and I had recently moved from London to a suburb and we had
00 are still not used to it. We miss our old neighbours and keep + +
1 getting lost when we go visit to the shops. My father thought it ____
2 would be a good idea to move out of the city, and live in a most ____
3 cleaner and less polluted area. The pace of life here is much more ____
4 slower. There are lots of trees, traditional houses and there is a park ____
5 down of the street, which has a childrens playground, a lake, a ____
6 bandstand and a coffee shop. There is also a swimming pool ____
7 nearby and an ice skating rink, so we will have plenty to do ____
8 when we have been finished unpacking and settled down. I ____
9 used to get home from the work at six thirty, but now I get home ____
10 one half an hour later. It also means I have to get up earlier in the ____
11 mornings to get to the office on time and I feel tired by the end of ____
12 the day. My father does not himself work, as he has retired, so ____
13 it is not a problem for him. He spends his time either by helping my ____
14 mother, gardening, or getting to know how the area. I think we will ____
15 soon grow fond of the place and enjoy living in the countryside. ____
PART IV. WRITING
1.Your teacher has asked you to write a discription of the most famous building in your town for the university magazine. Write your article including historical facts as well as describing its exterior and interior.
2.Describe a new shop in your town which you feel will be successful, give reasons for your opinion.
3.You are a reporter for an international travel magazine. The magazine is publishing a series of articles about castles. Write an article describing a famous castle, including its history and a description of both the exterior and interior.
4.You have recently spent the weekend at your employers cottage. Write a letter to him/her, outlining what you enjoyed most about your visit and inviting him/her to visit you at your own house in the near future.
MEALS AND COOKING
PART I. LISTENING
a) Listen to each extract. Focus on the speaker's main idea don't worry if you don't understand every word. You will hear each extract twice.
b) Choose one of the options after listening the first time. If you don't know an answer, have a guess and go on to the next question.
c) Listen again to check your answers. Make sure the other options could not be correct.
You will hear people talking in eight different situations. For questions 1-8, choose the best answer ΐ, Β or Ρ.
1. You hear the beginning of a radio programme about food. What does the presenter say is most surprising about the website he's describing?
A the number of recipes available
Β the way that different flavours have been combined
Ρ the fact that one ingredient appears in so many of the recipes
2. You hear an old woman talking about vegetarianism. What is she doing when she speaks?
A supporting the principles of vegetarianism
Β doubting the seriousness of many vegetarians
Ρ explaining why she has become a vegetarian
3. You hear part of an interview with a woman who is in favour of organically-grown food. What opinion is she expressing?
A Only food grown locally should be labelled as organic.
Β It's best to avoid the organic sections of supermarkets.
Ρ Even commercially produced organic food is a good thing.
4. You hear part of a radio discussion about travel guidebooks. What does Graham find disappointing about the book called The Ultimate Guide!
A the range of information included
Β the quality of the illustrations
Ρ the clarity of the descriptions
5. In a radio play, you hear two people talking about pizza. Where is this scene taking place?
A in their home
Β in a restaurant
Ρ in a supermarket
6. You hear part of a radio programme about looking for a job on the Internet. Which group of people is being described?
A unemployed people
Β people dissatisfied with their jobs
Ρ part-time workers looking for full-time jobs
7. You hear a radio news report about a scientific conference. What is the main aim of the experiment described?
A to attract attention to an idea for a new product
Β to demonstrate the power of marketing
Ρ to get funding for a new area of research
8. You hear the owner of a large restaurant talking about her work. What is her main aim in running the restaurant?
A encouraging competition between the chefs
Β ensuring a standardised product for the customers
Ρ involving all the staff in checking the quality of the food
Before you listen
What do you know about the world health?
1 Which nationalities do you think have particularly healthy or unhealthy lifestyles? What are the reasons for this?
2 What are the most common diseases in the world today? Are some more common in specific countries?
You will hear an interview about health and diet in some countries around the world. For questions 1-10, complete the sentences. The first one is done for you.
1. A growing problem in Britain today is the number of overweight children.
2. Penny believes that improving the quality of __________ will have a big effect on the nations health.
3. At the moment, the British spend four times as much on food for __________ than for schoolchildren.
4. In a traditional Japanese diet, _____________ of their calories come from carbohydrates.
5. The Inuit of Greenland are an extremely _____________ population.
6. A link between omega-3 oils and better _____________ has only just been found.
7. Eating curries could be the reason why many elderly Indians still have good ___________.
8. It is now thought that drinking ___________ could be good for the health.
9. Penny says the French tend to eat fewer ___________ than the British.
10. Penny points out that French people may stay slim because of the timing of their __________.
Discuss these questions.
1 Were you surprised by anything you heard in the interview?
2 How does your country compare to the ones you heard about?