Grammarians practical and theoretical
Traditionally grammar is determined as a system of rules of change of words and rules of connection of words is in suggestion. From here dividing of grammar by two parts: morphology (rules of change of words) and syntax (rules of connection of words are in suggestion). It is just in regard to practical grammar. Its task - teaching is correct to use a language, to avoid errors in the spoken and writing language. In other words, conversation goes about those ancient scientists named a grammatical art. Obviously, that practical grammar has prescriptive character. Aims of theoretical grammar - another, namely to educe, that really, really used in the process of communication: what language units, which a form of these units and what values are expressed these forms. Unlike practical grammar, where the location of material is determined to a certain extent by the degree of his difficulty and connection with the studied lexical "themes", in theoretical grammar the location of material is built system, on divisions accommodation of that is determined by logic of material. Appears expedient to distinguish the paragraphs sanctified to the questions of grammatical value, grammatical form and grammatical category.
Functional theories of grammar are those approaches to the study of language, that see the functions of language and its elements to be the key to understanding linguistic processes and structures. Functional theories of language propose that since language is fundamentally a tool, it is reasonable to assume that its structures are best analyzed and understood with reference to the functions they carry out. Functional theories of grammar differ from formal theories of grammar, in that the latter seeks to define the different elements of language and describe the way they relate to each other as systems of formal rules or operations, whereas the former defines the functions performed by language and then relates these functions to the linguistic elements that carry them out. This means that functional theories of grammar tend to pay attention to the way language is actually used in communicative context, and not just to the formal relations between linguistic elements.
In a broad sense the theories implicit in most work within descriptive linguistics and linguistic typology fit within the category of functional linguistics.
Date: 2015-01-29; view: 852