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THE HISTORY OF CLOTHING AND TEXTILES

Exercise 1. a) Read the words, word-combinations with their translation;

b) Cover the left side of the page and translate the words, and word-combinations into English.

NEW WORDS TRANSCRIPTION
feature /ˈfiːtſə(r)/  
define /dɪˈfaɪn/  
felt /felt/  
spun /spʌn/  
yarn /jɑːn/  
subsequently /ˈsʌbsɪkwəntlɪ/  
net (netted) /net/  
loop /luːp/  
knit, knitting /nɪt/  
weave (wove; woven) /wiːv/  
woven /ˈwəʊv(ə)n/  
fabric /ˈfæbrɪk/  
evolve /ɪˈvɒlv/  
available /əˈveɪləb(ə)l/  
influence /ˈɪnflʊəns/  
flexible /ˈfleksɪb(ə)l/  
comprise /kəmˈpraɪz/  
network /netwəːk/  
artificial fiber /ɑːtɪˈfɪſ(ə)l/ /ˈfaɪbə(r)/  
weaving /wiːv ɪŋ/  
crocheting /ˈkrəʊſeɪɪŋ/  
knotting /nɒtɪŋ/  

Exercise 2. Read and translate the text

Textiles

The wearing of clothing is exclusively a human characteristic and is a feature of most human societies. It is not known when humans began wearing clothes. Anthropologists believe that animal skins and vegetation were adapted into coverings as protection from cold, heat and rain, especially as humans migrated to new climates; alternatively, covering may have been invented first for other purposes, such as magic, decoration, cult, or prestige, and later found to be practical as well.

Textiles, defined as felt or spun fibers made into yarn and subsequently netted, looped, knit or woven to make fabrics, appeared in the Middle East during the late stone age. From ancient times to the present day, methods of textile production have continually evolved, and the choices of textiles available have influenced how people carried their possessions, clothed themselves, and decorated their surroundings.

The term 'Textile' is a Latin word originating from the word 'texere' which means 'to weave'. Textile refers to a flexible material comprising of a network of natural or artificial fibers, known as yarn. Textiles are formed by weaving, knitting, crocheting, knotting and pressing fibers together.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Exercise 3. The following statements are based upon the information in the text. If the statement is correct write T (true), if it is wrong write F (false) and give the right answer.



1. It is a well-known fact when humans began wearing clothes.

2. Anthropologists think that animal skins and vegetation were adapted into coverings as protection from the weather.

3. Textiles are felt or spun fibers made into yarn and then netted, looped, knit or woven to make fabrics.

4. Textile refers to a rigid material comprising of a network of only natural fibers, known as yarn.

 
 
 
 
 

 


Date: 2015-01-29; view: 1184


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