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Aims for Using Synonyms & Lessons to Improve Vocabulary Development

Lesson 9

Subject: Methodology of FLT

Name: Bakirova G

Groups: 201 202

Time: 90 min

The theme of the lesson: Methods of teaching vocabulary, translation, synonyms, antonyms.

Main aim: to introduce new theme, to develop SS knowledge about teaching vocabulary, translation, synonyms, antonyms to distinguish the selection of vocabulary material taking into account age peculiarities, level of knowledge of the learners.

Subsidiary aims: To develop writing, reading, speaking, listening skills and gr and phonetic habits, to extend ss` knowledge and outlook, to form intercultural communicative competence.

Teaching aids, materials, equipment:

Books, cassettes, dictionaries, cards

Stages of the lesson, tasks and activities for each stage:

The first stage:

Synonyms and Antonyms

Improve Vocabulary by Learning Through Similar Words and Opposites

Learning synonyms and antonyms helps build vocabulary. English learners can use the charts below to begin learning how to use this technique. Teachers can print out the charts as examples for students to follow.

To begin with, here are definitions:


A word or phrase that means that same, or nearly the same as another word or phrase.

big - large
heavy - weighty
thin - slim


A word or phrase that means the opposite or nearly the opposite from another word or phrase.

tall - short
thick - thin
difficult - easy

One excellent technique of improving your vocabulary is to learn synonyms and antonyms together. You can create a chart listing both synonyms and antonyms including example sentences to help you memorize new vocabulary. Synonyms and antonyms can be learned in categories such as adjectives, adverbs, and adverbs. It's a good to begin building vocabulary by learning categories of English synonyms and antonyms. To get you started, here are a number of synonyms and antonyms arranged into categories for beginning to advanced level English learners.

Here are some other ideas for learning synonyms and antonyms:

Use vocabulary trees to help you organize synonyms and antonyms into categories such things and places in the home, business related vocabulary for work, etc.

Build word form charts based on the synonyms and antonyms you are learning.

Make synonym and antonym flash cards to quickly check your knowledge.


Aims for Using Synonyms & Lessons to Improve Vocabulary Development

Studying synonyms enhances vocabulary development, according to a study the peer-reviewed "Reading in a Foreign Language" journal discusses. In the study, second language learners retained more words whose synonyms they had learned than words for which they did not study synonyms. The study even suggests that improving vocabulary through synonym use is more effective than using antonyms or unrelated words. If a student learns low-frequency words, such as "lane," "boulevard" and "avenue," along with a high-frequency synonym, such as "street," they are more likely to understand and remember the low-frequency words than if they learned each one by itself.

Date: 2015-01-29; view: 2167

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