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Use the words in capitals to form a word that fits in the space in the same line !

How to Teach Word Formation and Parts of Speech


Create a chart/table that has four columns for noun/verb/adjective/adverb and as many rows as new vocabulary words you introduce. It’s beneficial to give students their own individual chart so that they can use it for studying, but it would also be helpful to keep a large chart in the classroom so students can easily be reminded of the patterns found within.

Don’t feel obliged to complete all four columns for every word as not every word in English neatly breaks down into these four word forms. Sometimes a word won’t have all of the forms, or the forms may be rarely used in English. Having gaps in the chart will reinforce the idea that they can’t always apply these patterns.

Teach common suffixes

By using a chart as recommended above, students will also begin to see similarities among word endings. Help them to discover the most common endings for parts of speech and even relationships between parts of speech. For example, guide them to figuring out that adjectives ending in –able/-ible often take the noun ending –ity. (e.g.responsible- responsibility; possible-possibility; capable- capability)

Here are some other patterns to help your students discover within the chart:

· Common endings –

· Nouns for things = ment; -ity; -ness; -tion

· Nouns for people = -er; -or; -ist

· Verbs = rarely have special endings because they get manipulated for tense; usually the shortest word form

· Adjectives = -ous; -able/-ible; -al; -ed/-ing; -ful/-less; -ic; -ive

· Adverbs = -ly

· To form an adverb, add –ly to the adjective form (not the noun/verb form)

· If two word forms are the same, it will usually be the noun and verb (e.g.: parent, answer, guess).

· Nouns ending in –tion will usually take the –al suffix for adjectives.

Be sure to stress to your students that these are patterns, not “rules,” and that there will be some exceptions to most of these patterns. However, by establishing these patterns concretely, students will be able to vastly improve their vocabulary quickly, and they will more readily notice and remember exceptions to the pattern.

Use the words in capitals to form a word that fits in the space in the same line !

Detroit is renowned for the of cars. PRODUCE
If you make a good at the interview, you will get the job IMPRESS
Teaching and medicine are more than , they're professions. OCCUPY
My history teacher has a vast of past events. KNOW
You are never too old to go to college and gain some QUALIFY
My greatest was graduating from the university. ACHIEVE
The weatherman said there is a strong of rain today. POSSIBLE
Some old laws are no longer . EFFECT
Athens is for its ancient buildings. FAME
He was caught shoplifting so now he has a record. CRIME
Despite her severe , she fulfilled her goals in life. DISABLE
Being is the worst thing that can happen to someone. EMPLOY
If you buy presents in the summer your can be very high. SAVE
Due to the pilot's , the copilot managed to land safely. GUIDE
It's important to also see the less sides of the job. DESIRE
I was surprised at his to give up. REFUSE
Children are by nature of danger. AWARE
She is always towards her parents. RESPECT
the hospital has the best medical and fast ambulances. EQUIP
You can relax in the comfortable of the hotel. SURROUND
The looked dark and there were hardly any other guests. ENTER


Date: 2015-01-29; view: 1737

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