THE SPEAKING MODULE
II. Speaking Exercises:
Exercise 1. Describe management, organizational productivity, managerial ability, small business using the suggested words and expressions as in example:
to achieve, objectives, process, with and through, environment, changing
Management is the process of working with and through others to achieve organizational objectives in a changing environment. Central to this process is the effective and efficient use of limited resources.
| organizational productivity
ratio, output, inflation, period of time, total, input
| managerial ability
capacity, objectives, efficiently, to achieve, demonstrated
| small business
enterprise, owned, profit-seeking, managed, employing, fewer, independently
Exercise 2. Ask questions to the given answers:
1) Question: ___________________________________________ ?
Answer: Research indicates that small business managers have a different managerial role profile than do managers in larger businesses.
2) Question: ___________________________________________ ?
Answer: It is important for managers to translate the productivity problem into organizational terms.
3) Question: ___________________________________________ ?
Answer: Small business and public sector organizations afford managers some unique opportunities and challenges.
THE WRITING MODULE
III. Writing exercises:
Exercise 1. Complete the sentences with the suggested words:
adjusted, inspiring, of, rate, for, into
It is important _____ managers to translate the productivity problem____ organizational terms. Organizational productivity is the ratio ___ total input to total output,______ for inflation, for a specific period of time. Japan, with the world's highest ____ of productivity growth, is an ______example of how to do more with less.
Exercise 2. Compose a story on one of the topics (up to 100 words):
“Management is an important area of study”
“Small business management”
“Public sector management”
Date: 2015-01-12; view: 497