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Answer the questions

 

1. What problems faced programmers in the 1940’s and 1050’s?

2. Why were the first programs ‘complex’ and ‘time-consuming’?

3. What are the basic functions of operating SYSTEM?

4. What does the abbreviation DOS mean?

5. What company developed the first version of DOS operating system? For what purpose was it done? Was the first operational system successful?

6. What is the difference between the PC-DOS and MS-DOS?

7. What does the abbreviation NT mean? Is NT DOS-compatible? What are the basic requirements for NT?

8. Who is the developer of OS/2?

9. What makes UNIX so different from the other operational systems?

10. What are the special features of Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 2000?

 

 

Match the following

  1. Like NT, …. Is DOS compatible and provides a graphical user interface that lets you run programs with a click of a mouse.
  2. …..is the most commonly used PC operating system.
  3. .….is a multi-user operating system that allows multiple users to access the system.
  4. . ….is an operating system developed by Microsoft, an enhanced version of the popular Microsoft Windows programs.
  5. The usage of ….. is so simple that even little kids learn how to use it very quickly.

 

  1. UNIX
  2. DOS
  3. NT
  4. OS/2
  5. Windows 95

 

 

Are the following sentences true or false? If they are false give the right variant.

 

  1. When computers were first introduced in 40’s and 50’s programmers had to write programs to instruct CD-ROMs, laser printers and scanners.
  2. The operation system controls and manages the use of the hardware and the memory.
  3. There are no commands available in operating systems, they are only in word processors.
  4. Microsoft developed MS-DOS to compete with IBM’s PC-DOS
  5. NT requires computers with 486 CPU and 16 Mb random access memory.
  6. OS/2 is DOS compatible because it was developed by Microsoft.
  7. Traditionally, UNIX was run by many users simultaneously.
  8. Windows 95 and Windows 98 are DOS compatible and have very ‘friendly’ and convenient interface.

 

 

Questions for discussion

 

  1. Why do you think Bill Gates, President of Microsoft Company, is one of the richest people on the Earth?
  2. Judging from your experience tell if UNIX is used nowadays? What about OS/2?
  3. What are advantages and disadvantages of Windows 95 and Windows 98 operational systems?

 

UNIT 5

 


Date: 2015-01-12; view: 1603


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