Read the text about London, translate it into good Russian and learn the underlined phrases by heart.
London is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom, the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom, and the largest urban zone in theEuropean Union by most measures. Located on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its founding by theRomans, who called it Londinium. The bulk of this conurbation forms the London region and theGreater Londonadministrative area, governed by the electedMayor of London and theLondon Assembly. London is a leadingglobal city, with strengths in the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism and transport all contributing to its prominence. It is the world's leading financial centre and has thefifth-largest city GDP in the world (and the largest in Europe). London has been described as a world cultural capital. It has the most international visitors of any city in the world and London Heathrow is the world's busiest airport by number of international passengers. London's 43 universities form the largest concentration of higher education in Europe. In 2012 London will become the first city to host the modern Summer Olympic Games three times. London has a diverse range of peoples, cultures, and religions, and more than 300 languages are spoken within its boundaries. In July 2010 Greater London had an official population of 7,825,200, making it themost populous municipality in the European Union, and accounting for 12.5% of the UK population. London contains four World Heritage Sites: theTower of London; Kew Gardens; the site comprising thePalace of Westminster, Westminster Abbey, andSt Margaret's Church; and the historic settlement of Greenwich (in which theRoyal Observatorymarks the Prime Meridian(0° longitude) and GMT). Other famous landmarks include Buckingham Palace, theLondon Eye,Piccadilly Circus, St Paul's Cathedral,Tower Bridge,Trafalgar SquareandWembley Stadium. London is home to numerous museums, galleries, libraries, sporting events and other cultural institutions, including theBritish Museum,National Gallery, British Library,Wimbledon and 40 theatres. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the worldand the second-most extensive (after the Shanghai Metro).
7. Listen to the Texts about Two English towns. Then take your cards and show your red card if the sentence corresponds with the text and your blue card if it doesn’t.
· Cambridge is situated very far from London
· It’s famous for its university, a centre of education and learning
· Each college is for students who chose one and the same profession.
· Every college is headed by a dean
· Oxford is practically identical to Cambridge
· The two colleges were not established within one and the same period.
· Oxford and Cambridge were universities for all social classes.
8. Practice back translation.
The climate of the British Isles is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean. Winters are not so cold as they can be on the continent, but summers are not so warm as they usually are on the other side of the Channel. In other words England has a mild climate.
На климат Британских островов влияет Атлантический океан. Зимы не такие холодные, какими могут быть на континенте, а лето не такое теплое, каким оно бывает по другую сторону канала. Другими словами климат Англии мягкий.
England is famous for its beautiful lawns with flowers. They stay green all the year round. Many people say that England looks like a large well-kept park.
Англия славится своими чудесными газонами с цветами. Газоны остаются зелеными круглый год. Многие люди говорят, что Англия выглядит как большой ухоженный парк.
People mainly live in cities and towns. The country’s industry is highly developed and output of goods is larger than needed for home use. Therefore, a great part of the industrial output is exported. The large industrial centres are Birmingham, Glasgow, Manchester, Nottingham and Liverpool.
Англичане главным образом живут в городах. Промышленность страны высокоразвита, и промышленных товаров производится больше, чем требуется для потребления внутри страны. Поэтому значительная часть промышленной продукции экспортируется. Большие индустриальные центры – Бирмингем, Глазго, Манчестер, Ноттингем и Ливерпуль.
Great Britain is a monarchy, but the Queen is not absolute but constitutional. Her powers are limited by Parliament. The Prime Minister is usually the leader of the Party that has a majority in the House of Commons.
Великобритания-это монархия, но власть королевы не абсолютная, а конституционная. Ее полномочия ограничены парламентом. Премьер-министр обычно является лидером партии, которая имеет большинство в палате общин.
9. Imagine you are a travel agent. Make an advertisement of one place in London (not mentioned in the plan). Present it to your group mates. Say what it is interesting for, why is it popular and what can be found there. Make it 7-10 sentences.
10. Substitution table. You’ve listened to the presentations of your group mates. Make up a monologue, Share your opinions.
I’d rather visit I dream of going to
It will be a great pleasure to
It’s not a good idea for me to
Don’t let’s go to I would like to
It’s not at all interesting for me to
I’ m looking forward to visit/ see/ go to
London eye Trafalgar square
St. Paul’s Cathedral Madam Tussaud’s
Nelson’s Column Stonehenge
The Tower Bridge The Tower of London
Windzor Castle Buckingham palace
I have been dreaming about it all my life
…..it’s very boring
… I’m not fond of such things…