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Answer: Sentence 1: background; Sentence 2: background; Sentence 3: purpose; Sentence 4: method; Sentence 5: method; Sentence 6: results; Sentence 7: conclusion.

What is an abstract?

What are the parts of an abstract?

How to write a good abstract?

 

Task 1: Complete the missing information to find out what an abstract is.

 

The abstract is the ____________ section of the report, article or dissertation. It usually comes after the ____________ and before the ______________. In some subject areas, this section may be titled "_____________". The abstract provides an ______________ of the study based on information from the other sections of the paper. The reader can read the abstract to obtain enough information about the study to decide if they want to _________ ____ __________ ______________ . Because it contains elements from the whole essay, it is usually written _________.

 

The abstract is the first section of the report, article or dissertation. It usually comes after the title and before the introduction. In some subject areas, this section may be titled "summary". The abstract provides an overview of the study based on information from the other sections of the paper. The reader can read the abstract to obtain enough information about the study to decide if they want to read the complete work. Because it contains elements from the whole essay, it is usually written last.

 

Task 2: Study the structure of a typical abstract and name the main parts.

Abstracts from almost all fields of study are written in a very similar way. The types of information included and their order are very conventional. The box that follows shows the typical information format of an abstract (Weissberg & Buker, 1990, p. 186):

Introduction Introduce the study by describing the context Explain why the subject is important
Purpose Describe the purpose of the study
Methods Report how the study was undertaken
Results Report the results that were found.
Evaluation Briefly evaluate the results
Conclusion Conclude briefly Explain what is important and why

Task 3: Read the following abstract carefully. It is taken from the field of computer assisted learning. Identify the sentences in the abstract that correspond to the elements in the preceding box.

Use Of A Writing Web-Site By Pre-Masters Students On An English for Academic Purposes Course. A. J. Gillett, University of Hertfordshire Abstract 1During the last 10 years, use of the World-Wide-Web for educational purposes has increased dramatically. 2However, very little empirical research has been carried out to determine the effectiveness of this use. 3The aim of this study was therefore to investigate the effectiveness of using the World-Wide-Web on an EAP writing course. 4Two groups of students were taught writing by two different methods: one group was taught by a teacher in a traditional classroom, while a second group included use of an on-line web-site in their course. 5The two groups were assessed in the same way after a twelve-week period of instruction. 6Results of the assessment showed significant differences between the two groups, the group that used the on-line web-site performing much better on all aspects of the test. 7This suggests that the use of computer assisted learning programmes for at least some of the teaching time available can be recommended for EAP writing courses.

 



Sentence 1
Sentence 2
Sentence 3
Sentence 4
Sentence 5
Sentence 6
Sentence 7

Answer: Sentence 1: background; Sentence 2: background; Sentence 3: purpose; Sentence 4: method; Sentence 5: method; Sentence 6: results; Sentence 7: conclusion.

 


Date: 2016-06-13; view: 118


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Gluconeogenesis; Regulation of Glycolysis &Gluconeogenesis | Task 4: Read the following abstracts and decide whether you want to read the whole text or not. Explain the reasons.
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