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Task 3.6. Read the text and retell.

Kanysh Satpaev

Kanysh Satpaev was born on April 12, 1899 in Akkelinsk volost (small rural district, now it is Bayanaul district) Pavlodar region. Kanysh’s father, Imantay, was a biy, his grandfather was a kazhy. Biys and kazhys were the most respected and honoured people of the community. His mother, Salima, was of poor health and died when Kanysh was 2 years old. Imantay biy taught his son to love reading and music. Kanysh knew poems of Rumi, Khafiz, Djami, Navoyi by heart at an early age. He was a gifted boy and wherever he studied – at mulla, in local Kazakh-Russian school, in Russian-Kyrgyz college in Pavlodar city, in teachers’ college of Semipalatinsk he was an excellent student. At the age of 19 he taught at teachers courses and became people’s judge in his Bayanaul district. When he was 20 he entered Tomsk Technology Institute, majoring in Geology. He discovered copper deposits in Karsakbay and Zhezkazgan, deposits of coal in Ekibastuz. After that cities with large plants and groups of enterprises were built there. He compiled a map of Kazakhstan mineral deposits. He found the stone with inscriptions made by Emir Timur in Ulytau which is kept in the Hermitage now. He initiated the construction of Kazakh Academy of Sciences and laid the first brisk in the foundation of the Academy building. In 1946 he became its first president and academician. Worldwide known academician Kanysh Satpayev made such a valuable contribution to science that Planet-Asteroid between Mars and Jupiter (black-brown colour, diameter 11 km, No. 2402 on the Star Map) was named after him. The name of the great man was given to cities, streets, schools and universities. UNESCO to commemorate the centenary of the great Academician declared the year of 1999 “A Year of Satpayev”.

Task 3.7. Read the text and retell.

Bill Gates

William (Bill) H. Gates is chairman and chief software architect of Microsoft Corporation. Microsoft employs more than 39,000 people in 60 countries.

Born on October 28, 1955, Gates and his two sisters grew up in Seattle. Their father, William H. Gates II, is a Seattle attorney. Their late mother, Mary Gates, was a schoolteacher, University of Washington regent and chairwoman of United Way International.

At school Gates discovered his interest in software and began programming computers at age 13.

In 1973, Gates entered Harvard University. While at Harvard, Gates developed a version of the programming language BASIC for the first microcomputer.

In his junior year, Gates left Harvard to devote his energies to Microsoft, a company he had begun in 1975 with his childhood friend Paul Allen.

Guided by a belief that the computer would be a valuable tool on every office desktop and in every home, they began developing software for personal computers. Gates' foresight and his vision for personal computing have been central to the success of Microsoft and the software industry.

In 1999, Gates wrote "Business @ the Speed of Thought" a book that shows how computer technology can solve business problems in fundamentally new ways.



The book was published in 25 languages and is available in more than 60 countries. "Business @ the Speed of Thought" has received wide critical acclaim, and was listed on the best-seller lists of the "New York Times" "USA Today" the "Wall Street Journal and Amazon.com"

Gates has donated the proceeds of his book to non-profit organizations that support the use of technology in education and skills development.

In addition to his love of computers and software, Gates is interested in biotechnology. He is an investor in a number of biotechnology companies. Gates is an avid reader, and enjoys playing golf and bridge.

 


Date: 2016-04-22; view: 1115


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