Do you think that choosing an occupation is more difficult today than it used to be for young people 30 or 40 years ago? Give your views.
By what age (18; younger; older) should a person know what he or she wants to do? Discuss your ideas.
What services do employment agencies offer?
What job are you looking for? Give your reasons.
What questions are you asked at interviews?
You joined a new company. Tell about your department staff.
Do you think women and men should be paid the same for the same job?
Do you think women are good bosses?
How have working conditions changed in recent years? Have they improved? If so, in what ways?
If you could own your own business, what would it be?
If you had to choose between a satisfying job and a well-paid one, which would you choose?
Would you describe yourself as a workaholic?
Is it common for people in your country to have one job for life? Would you like to do the same job for the rest of your life?
BASIC LEXICAL TOPICS FOR EXAM
Appearance and Character
Dwelling and its Types
Time and Dates
Natural Phenomena in Weather and Seasons
Global Environmental Problems
Modern Means of Communication
Computer in our Life
Shops and Shopping
Food and Meals
In the town
Traveling and Going through Customs
Home and Foreign Holidays and Traditions
Money, Currency, Finance
Whoever we are, one thing is certain. We are all born the product of a union between a man and a woman, and we are all very much shaped by those who raised us, our parents or caregivers. We are the product of human relationships, and most of us spend our days within the context of relationships with other people. We need other people to be close to us in our lives, or we tend to get sick. Who we are is very much a function of where we have come from, and who we surround ourselves with.
Despite their vital importance in our lives, relationships can be very difficult to manage. We expect our intimate partners to provide for many of our needs, but often find that differing expectations, frustration, and a need to be right create conditions for conflict and erosion of intimacy. Angels though they may be, our children test us for weaknesses and we donít always pass. Our adult parents grow older and require care, placing a burden on our other responsibilities. A diverse set of communication and relationship skills is required if one is to successfully meet the challenges of family life.
The emotional and intellectual stages you pass through from childhood to your retirement years as a member of a family are called the family life cycle. In each stage, you face challenges in your family life that cause you to develop or gain new skills. Developing these skills helps you work through the changes that nearly every family goes through.
Not everyone passes through these stages smoothly. Situations such as severe illness, financial problems, or the death of a loved one can have an effect on how well you pass through the stages. Fortunately, if you miss skills in one stage, you can learn them in later stages.
The stages of the family life cycle are:
Coupling or marriage.
Parenting: Babies through adolescents.
Launching adult children.
Retirement or senior years.
Mastering the skills and milestones of each stage allows you to successfully move from one stage of development to the next. If you donít master the skills, you may still move on to the next phase of the cycle, but you are more likely to have difficulty with relationships and future transitions. Family life cycle theory suggests that successful transitioning may also help to prevent disease and emotional or stress-related disorders.
Whether you are a parent or child, brother or sister, bonded by blood or love, your experiences through the family life cycle will affect who you are and who you become. The more you understand about the challenges of each stage of the cycle, the more likely you are to successfully move on.
The stress of daily living or coping with a chronic medical condition or other crisis disrupts the normal family cycle. A crisis or ongoing stress can delay the transition to the next phase of life. Or you may move on without the necessary skills to succeed.
Be assured, you can learn missed skills and improve your and your familyís quality of life at any stage. Self-examination, education, and perhaps counseling are ways to improve yourself and your family life. These are also actions that can help you manage other issues, too, such as going through a divorce or being a part of a nontraditional family structure.